Highlights of Selected Birth Defects
Down syndromeis a condition in which a person has an extra chromosome. Chromosomes are small "packages" of genes in the body. They determine how a baby's body forms during pregnancy and how the baby's body functions as it grows in the womb and after birth. Typically, a baby is born with 46 chromosomes. Babies with Down syndrome have an extra copy of one of these chromosomes, chromosome 21. A medical term for having an extra copy of a chromosome is 'trisomy.' Down syndrome is also referred to as Trisomy 21. This extra copy changes how the baby’s body and brain develop, which can cause both mental and physical challenges for the baby.
For more information regarding Down Syndrome.
Internet Resource Links
- Birth Defects - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
- National Birth Defects Prevention Network
- Birth Defects Research for Children, Inc
- March of Dimes