COVID-19: General Information
Information about COVID-19 symptoms, isolation, and popular resources. Find answers to COVID-19 frequently asked questions here.
On this page:
- Prevent COVID-19
- What to do if you are exposed to COVID-19
- What to do if you are sick
- COVID-19 Isolation
- Long COVID Resources
- Information for travelers, communities, workplaces, and schools
- Popular resources
- Information on testing, masks, and personal pretective equipment
Signs and symptoms of COVID-19 are similar to influenza (flu) and include:
Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
Fever or Chills
New loss of taste or smell
Congestion or runny nose
Muscle or body aches
Nausea or vomiting
Symptoms may appear 2-14 days after exposure.
Most patients experience relatively mild symptoms and can recover at home. Some patients, particularly those with underlying medical conditions, may experience more severe respiratory illness. Learn more about COVID-19 symptoms.
Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children, MIS-C, is a serious but rare complication of COVID-19 that causes inflammation of certain body parts.
Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds or use alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
Stay home while you are sick and avoid close contact with others.
Wear a face mask in public indoor spaces, especially if you are not vaccinated.
Get your COVID vaccine and stay up-to-date.
Practice social distancing.
For COVID-19 exposure:
- Day 0 is the day of your last exposure to someone with COVID-19.
- Day 1 is the first full day after your last exposure.
If you get exposed to COVID-19, take these precautions until Day 11 after your last exposure:
- Wear a well-fitting face mask any time you are around other people or in an indoor public place.
- Do not go places where you are unable to wear a mask.
- Watch for symptoms.
- If you develop symptoms, isolate immediately and get tested.
- Take a COVID-19 test on at least Day 6 after your last exposure.
- If you test negative, continue wearing a mask and monitoring for symptoms until Day 11 after your last exposure.
- If you test positive, isolate immediately.
- If you already had COVID-19 within the last 90 days, see these specific testing recommendations.
Call your healthcare provider to discuss options.
Take a COVID-19 test.
If you have an emergency warning sign (including trouble breathing), get emergency medical care immediately.
Isolation for people who test positive for COVID-19 or have COVID-19 symptoms
If you are a healthcare worker and either tested positive for COVID-19 or are experiencing symptoms of COVID-19, please contact your employer and use Maine's healthcare guidance and this federal guidance to find out what you should do.
If you are not a healthcare worker and either tested positive for COVID-19 or are experiencing symptoms of COVID-19, follow these instructions:
No matter your vaccination status, isolate from others if you test positive for COVID-19 or if you are sick and think you might have COVID-19.
If your COVID-19 test is negative, you can end your isolation.
If your COVID-19 test is positive, follow the isolation recommendations below.
How do I isolate?
- For isolation:
- Day 0 is the day your symptoms started (or the day you were tested if you do not have symptoms).
- Day 1 is the first full day after the day your symptoms started (or after you were tested if you do not have symptoms).
- If you develop symptoms in the first 10 days after you were tested, the clock restarts at Day 0 on the day your symptoms start.
- To isolate:
Stay home. Do not have any visitors. Do not go out in public. This includes grocery stores, gas stations, banks, workplaces, etc.
Have zero contact with anyone else, including household members. If complete isolation is not possible, practice social distancing and wear a mask any time you have to be around others.
You can leave your sick room and house for necessary or emergency medical care, including for COVID-19 treatment.
When can I leave isolation?
Download this isolation chart here (PDF).
Regardless of when you leave isolation, avoid being around people who are more likely to get very sick from COVID-19 until at least Day 11.
Find more information on isolation and an isolation calculator here.
What resources can I find online about Long COVID?
Where should I go for clinical care? Should I go to a Long COVID specialist?
- If you experience Long COVID symptoms, contact your primary care provider. They will help you create a plan for care. If you have ongoing symptoms that need special testing, your primary care provider might refer you to a specialist. They may refer you to a Post COVID Care Center if your symptoms need extra management.
COVID‑19 Factsheet (PDF): عربي | Français (PDF) | Kreyòl Ayisyen (PDF) | ខ្មែរ (PDF) | Lingala (PDF) | Português (PDF) | Soomaali (PDF) | Español (PDF) | Kiswahili (PDF) | Tiếng Việt (PDF)
COVID Mythbusters (PDF)
COVID Mythbusters - Back to School (PDF)
COVID Mythbusters - Pregnancy (PDF)
COVID Mythbusters - Travel (PDF)
COVID Mythbusters - Vaccine (PDF)
What Is Isolation? (PDF)
Full list of Frequently Asked Questions
Symptoms of Coronavirus (COVID-19) (PDF)
Multilingual Wash Your Hands Poster (PDF)
Wash Your Hands Poster (PDF)
Wash Hands Reminder (Color) (PDF)
Child Feels/Appears Unwell Flowchart - Maine Department of Education (PDF)