School buses are described by different types and classifications. This page summarizes design features unique to different school bus types.
Type A school buses (mini school buses) are constructed utilizing a cutaway front section vehicle with a left side driver’s door. Type A school buses include two classifications:
- Type A1, with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of 10,000 pounds or less
- Type A2, with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) greater than 10,000 pounds
A Type C school bus is constructed utilizing a chassis with a hood and front fender assembly.
The entrance door of a Type C school bus is behind the front wheels.
A Type D school bus is constructed utilizing a stripped chassis. The entrance door of a Type D school bus is ahead of the front wheels. A Type D school bus is also known as “Transit style” or “Forward control vehicle.” Type D school buses include two classifications:
- Type D FE (front engine)
- Type D RE (rear engine)
Federal Vehicle Regulations
U.S. Department of Transportation National Highway Transportation Safety Administration (NHTSA) Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS) are U.S. federal vehicle regulations specifying design, construction, performance, and durability requirements for motor vehicles and regulated automobile safety-related components, systems, and design features.