Invasive Aquatic Species Program

Invasive aquatic species are introduced exotic flora and fauna that displace native plant and animal communities. Infestations result in habitat disruption, loss of property values, diminished water quality, reduced fishing and water recreation opportunities and significant expense for mitigating these environmental costs. There are eleven invasive aquatic species identified in Maine law as illegal to import, sell, and transport.

Species Profiles-

Do you think you may have found an invasive aquatic plant? Use the list below of invasive aquatic plant species to help you identify what you have found. How to report a suspicious plant.

 


Brazilian Elodea

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Yellow Floating Heart

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European frogbit

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Variable-leaf Milfoil

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Curly-leaf Pondweed

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Curly-leaf Pondweed

Eurasian Milfoil

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Fanwort

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Hydrilla

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Parrot Feather

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European Naiad

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Water Chestnut

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Maine DEP addresses invasive aquatic species - primarily plants - three ways: prevention, early detection and control.

These activities are funded by the Lakes and Rivers Protection Fund Sticker.

Prevention

Prevention involves educational outreach and watercraft inspections at boat ramps to keep infestation from migrating from one water body to another.

Courtesy Boat Inspections (CBI)

Clean, Drain, and Dry

Lake Vulnerability Index page with a link to the Lake Risk Score map

Boat ramp warning signs are deployed throughout the state to inform boaters and others of the infestation status of a given lake and to remind them of the importance of inspecting boats and boating gear before entering and exiting all surface waters. They are available for uninfested and for infested water bodies. Send sign requests to milfoil@maine.gov.

Simple actions that prevent infestations

Water Gardeners and Aquarium Owners. Information concerning common pseudonyms for banned plants.

Early Detection

Early Detection includes monitoring public waters, seeking invasive species and responding rapidly when identified.

DEP collaborates with lake associations, non-profit organizations, resource managers, municipalities and academia. Partners provide training for CBI programs and plant identification and survey training. Lake Associations make huge financial and volunteer contributions to preventing and controlling invasive species infestations. The DEP provides technical assistance and financial support to these groups. To get involved with your local lake association, e-mail milfoil@maine.gov and we will provide you current contact information for the association.

Lakes Environmental Association (LEA) – LEA administers the Courtesy Boat Inspection (CBI) program and grants to local groups. They also train CBI boat inspectors and host the Maine Milfoil Summit. A grant from DEP helps fund these important programs.

Maine Volunteer Lake Monitoring Program (VLMP) – The VLMP provides classroom and hands-on training in identification of aquatic plants and plant monitoring. A grant from DEP helps fund these important programs.

Browse support materials to understand and get involved

Control

Control tackles existing infestations directly by applying technologies and management practices that mitigate invasive species' impacts upon water quality and habitat.

Maps. Interactive map of infestations
Overview map of infested Maine waters in the 2018 "Invasive Aquatic Plants- Known Locations in Maine" brochure.

Use of Aquatic Herbicides

Grants and Additional Information

Grants. Grant information for Courtesy Boat Inspection and removal projects.

Program and Plans. DEP annual budget priorities, Maine's rapid response plan and action plan for managing invasive aquatic species.

Interagency Task Force on Invasive Aquatic Plants and Nuisance Species

Before moving boats between waterbodies:

  • CLEAN off any mud, plants, and animals from boat, trailer, motor and other equipment. Discard removed material in a trash receptacle or on high, dry ground where there is no danger of them washing into any water body.
  • DRAIN all water from boat, boat engine, and other equipment away from the water.
  • DRY anything that comes into contact with the water.  Drying boat, trailer and equipment in the sun for at least five days is recommended if rinsing your boat, trailer parts and other equipment with hot, high pressure water is not an option.