LGBTQ+ and Gender Resources

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Our Stance

The Maine Department of Education supports all LGBTQ+ identifying, lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, gender queer and questioning students, families, and school staff. 

Maine’s LGBTQ+ Youth Make Up A Significant Percentage of Students

LGBTQ+ young people are a growing minority of students in our schools. Data reports from the 2019 Maine Integrated Health Youth Surveys (“MIHYS”) show:

High school students report that they identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual or unsure at rates from 13.5% in Piscataquis County to 18% or over in Hancock, Oxford and Sagadahoc Counties. The proportion of young people identifying as transgender or unsure was at least 2.3% or more in 4 counties (Aroostook, Knox, Washington and York), 3% or more in 11 counties, and 4.5% in Knox county.

 

Maine has a significant population of LGBTQ+ students, as well as students unsure of and questioning their sexual orientation or gender identity and this growing demographic of students is one that deserves recognition and safety in our schools.

*Note: MYIHS combined percentage data below does not include the percentage of students who identify as gender non-conforming, non-binary or are unsure of their sexuality or gender identityMaine Integrated Youth Health High School LGBTQ Student 2019 Survey Findings: 13.6% Maine High School Students identify as LGBT (nearly 1 in 7) 12.4% Identify as Gay/Lesbian/Bi Sexual 1.6% Identify as Transgender
Maine Schools Ensure Equity for LGBTQ+ Identifying Students

In Maine we know that Every student deserves a safe and equitable school environment and this is a value reflected in our state's non-discrimination laws. We know that students who report feeling safe and connected to their schools are more successful in meeting academic and life goals.

These non-discrimination laws, which apply to all schools, are about equal opportunity and a level playing field for all students.  As much as they are about legal rights, these laws are a commitment to each student, and set a framework for building inclusion and defining a school’s values. Laws deter harassment and bullying and build awareness and understanding, helping to channel the school’s policies and values into a positive school culture that benefits all students.

Maine Integrated Youth Health High School LGBTQ Student 2019 Survey Findings: How to Support LGBT students: Create a Gay/Straight/Trans Alliance at School. Provide LGBT youth with opportunities to support each other. Create a welcoming school environment
LGBTQ+ Identifying Students are Disproportionately Affected by Stigma

Maine data also shows that LGBTQ+ youth -- who represent every type of family and demographic in this state, including indigenous and tribal populations -- are bullied or harassed more often than other students (33% compared to 8% for all students). Research shows that this disproportionate impact on LGBTQ+ students is directly related to their experience of pervasive, negative cultural stigmas relating to their identity as well as the lack of acceptance and support of their friends, family and community.

While LGBTQ+ students may report more anxiety, depression and mental health barriers than their peers, being LGBTQ+ itself, is NOT a mental health illnessToday, it is recognized by every authoritative medical and mental health association throughout the world that having a same-sex sexual orientation, or a gender identity different from the sex assigned at birth, is part of the normal spectrum of human experiences. Decades of scientific research has shown that variations in sexual orientation and gender identity are not a mental illness and we now understand that an individual’s sexual orientation and gender identity develop at a young age and are not susceptible to change from coercion.

Students and their families who are part of the LGBTQ+ community, experience negative stigmas including: historical oppression, persistent prejudice, and discrimination in their everyday lives. The disproportionate impacts to their physical and mental health are symptoms that can result from these experiences. The 2019 Maine Integrated Youth Health Survey (MIYHS) study of Maine students states that, “LGBT students experience disproportionate violence and discrimination at school, at home and in the community.”

Maine Integrated Youth Health High School LGBTQ Student 2019 Survey Findings: LGBT students are twice as likely to feel unsafe at school. LGBT students are more likely to be bullied at school (in the past 12 months).LGBT students are more likely to experience offensive comments or attacks at/on the way to school because of their perceived sexual orientation or their gender expression. LGBT students are less likely to have support from adults, and more likely to experience violence.  LGBT students are significantly more likely to say that violence in their home or the threat of violence made them consider leaving home. LGBT students are three times more likely to have been forced to have sexual contact in their lifetime. LGBT students are twice as likely to have four or more adverse childhood experiences* (LGBT: 44% vs Non-LGBT: 18%).LGBT students are more than twice as likely to feel sad or hopeless (for two or more weeks in the past year).Nearly half of LGBT students have long-term emotional or behavioral problems expected in the past year. LGBT students are nearly four times more likely to have seriously considered suicide to last 6 months or more. LGBT students are twice as likely to have smoked cigarettes in the past 30 days. LGBT students are significantly more likely to have used alcohol and marijuana in the past 30 days. Compared to non-LGBT peers, LGBT students are twice as likely to have ever used cocaine, inhalants or heroine, twice as likely to have misused prescription drugs or taken un-prescribed pain killers in the last month.