Dyslexia

 

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Defining Dyslexia
  • Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. A secondary consequence may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede the growth of vocabulary and background knowledge.

    Maine Revised Statute 20-A M.S.R. § 4701-B requires school administrative units to screen students in kindergarten through second grade who have difficulty in these areas: phonological and phonemic awareness, sound-symbol recognition, alphabet knowledge, decoding skills, rapid naming skills and encoding skills.

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Understanding Dyslexia
  • Dyslexia Fact Sheet A one-page fact sheet created by Understood.org that briefly outlines what dyslexia is, what it is not and ways to assist students with characteristics of dyslexia.
  • Dyslexia Basics From the International Dyslexia Association, Dyslexia Basics provides a thorough overview of the condition, the effects, diagnosis, treatment and rights of individuals with dyslexia.
  • Common Myths & Facts Myths about dyslexia and their corresponding facts collected by the New Hampshire Department of Education.
  • Dyslexia FAQ Frequently asked questions about dyslexia answered by the Yale Center for Dyslexia & Creativity.
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Recognizing Characteristics of Dyslexia
  • Signs of Dyslexia A list of indicators and characteristics of dyslexia provided by the Yale Center for Dyslexia and Creativity.
  • Universal Screening: K-2 Reading Overview of the purpose and process of conducting universal screenings for characteristics of dyslexia.
  • Screening for Dyslexia National Center on Improving literacy document created to provide an overview of screening for dyslexia
  • Identifying Assessments Academic screening tools chart, including literacy universal screeners, created by the National Center on Intensive Intervention.
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Resources for Educators
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Resources for Families
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Assistive Technology
  • Bookshare Students with a qualifying disability are provided free access to e-books, audiobooks, and a variety of other resources.  This project is supported by the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs
  • Learning Ally Assistive technology such as audio books are assessible online for children and adults with disabilities.  The site also includes resources for parents and families.
  • Maine Cite Program designed to help make assistive technology available to Maine children.