What is Person Centered Planning?
Person Centered Planning is an ongoing process that helps people plan for the life they want.
The process includes supporting informed choice, exploring communities and options for support, and listening to people.
From these steps, a plan can be developed that supports life’s goals.
“In order for the PCP process to include self-determination and informed choices, it is important that I, the self-advocate, be at the center. Talking about my likes, dislikes, dreams, preferences, strengths, and interests must be part of the planning. This is MY life.”
To support people in planning, it is important to keep life outcomes - not service outcomes - as the focus.
In this short video, Beth Mount talks about the differences between Service-Centered Planning and Person-Centered Planning.
Positive outcomes when people are part of life in a community:
- People having friends who call them and pick them up for coffee just because they like them
- People being in lots of culturally valued roles –employee, volunteer, teacher, friend, adult learner, husband, wife, board member, Y member, church choir participant, business owner
- People having calendars full of personally chosen events
- People making healthy choices in their lives through exercise, nutrition, and preventative care
- People experiencing lives that look different at different times of the year, in different years - “no status quo life”
- People having a significant other to share their capacity for love with
- People celebrating their cultural and spiritual beliefs in places that are meaningful to them
- People having healthy, caring relationships with family
- People being able to access the varied transportation they need to get where they are going
Charting the LifeCourse (CtLC)
Charting the LifeCourse (CtLC) is a framework that can help all people create a vision for their future. It is designed to support a person, their case manager/care coordinator, and people who love and care about them. These tools guide thinking about what has helped or hindered achieving their goals in the past. It also helps create a vision of the choices, options, and experiences that are part of their full and meaningful life.
The National Community of Practice/Supporting Families LifeCourse Framework offers tools to help people at any stage of life to think about life as they want to live it. This individually described vision may be referred to as the person’s good life.
Tools to Support Developing a PCP
The Life Experiences Series is recommended to help explore specific stages. Download Life Experiences Quick Guides:
- Focus on Transition to Adulthood Quick Guide
- Focus on Adulthood Quick Guide
- Focus on Aging Quick Guide
There are a variety of tools that can help individuals and their families with the PCP process. OADS recommends using Charting the LifeCourse tools developed by families. These are available to download for free.
Personal Profile: Planning works best when individuals and families successfully communicate to others about what is most important in their life. Use of the One-Page Profile provides an at-a-glance way of knowing what really matters to the person and can be used as they meet different people. The Personal Profile helps others know what to pay attention to and what works best to create positive change for the person.
Life Stage Trajectory: Use of the Life Stage Trajectory form helps identify the steps or experiences a person might consider as part of “a good life.” The space around the arrows can be used to think about current or needed life experiences that help point the trajectory arrow in the direction of the good life vision.
Integrated Supports: The Integrated Support Star helps identify the supports the person is using now and think about other supports that might be helpful. In the past, conversations about supports for people with disabilities mainly revolved around the supports offered by the disability system. This tool helps identify a variety of supports outside of that scope. These supports include relationships, technology, personal strengths/assets, supports anyone in the community can access, and others based on eligibility criteria. Download the Integrated Supports Star Tip Sheet: an overview of how and why to use this tool.
Person-Centered Planning Resources
- Maine’s Person-Centered Planning Process- Instruction Guide (PDF)
- Maine's Person-Centered Planning Process- Frequently Asked Questions (Word)
- Person-Centered Thinking Tools from Helen Sanderson Associates
- Charting the LifeCourse Foundational Tools
Case Manager Training:
- Open Future Learning
- Charting the LifeCourse (YouTube Video)
- Charting the LifeCourse (PowerPoint)
- Overview of Maine's Enhanced PCP Process- Part 1 May 2022
- Overview of Maine's Enhanced PCP Process: EIS Nuts & Bolts- Part 2 May 2022
- Overview of Maine's Enhanced PCP Process: EIS Nuts & Bolts: Knowledge Check
- How to Add a DS PCP Process (PDF)
- Goal Development as Part of the Person-Centered Planning Process (Zoom)
- PCP Training 1: Building a Foundation for Person-Centered Thinking - June 2023 (Zoom) | (PowerPoint)
- PCP Training 2: Initial Assessments and Person-Centered Thinking - June 2023 (Zoom) | (PowerPoint)
- PCP Training 3: The Planning Meeting and Ongoing Monitoring - Augusta 2023 (Zoom) | (PowerPoint)
- PCP Training 4: A Person-Centered SIP - August 2023 (Zoom) | (PowerPoint)
Care Coordinator Training:
- Overview of Maine's Enhanced PCP Process for Brain Injury and Other Related Conditions
- Overview of Maine's Enhanced PCP Process for Brain Injury Part 2
- Maine's Person-Centered Planning Process Instruction Guide for Sections 18 and 20 (PDF)
- Overview of Maine's Enhanced PCP Process for Waiver Providers (YouTube Video)
- Overview of Maine's Enhanced PCP Process for Waiver Providers (PowerPoint)
- Service Implementation Plan (YouTube Video)
- Service Implementation Plan (PowerPoint)
- Provider Service Implementation Plan Training - Non-Residential (YouTube Video)
- Service Implementation Plan Form (PDF)
- How to Add/Update a SIP in EIS Process (PDF)
- Person Centered Planning: 42CFR 441.301
- "Global Rule" HCBS Waiver Person-Centered Planning and Settings Rule (Word)
- 34B §5470-B. Personal planning
- Service Implementation Plan (SIP)
- Notice Regarding Grievance Process and MaineCare Appeal (Word)
- Grievance Insert Card (Word)
If you have questions about person centered planning, would like to share successes and/or make recommendations, please send to PersonCenterPlanning.DHHS@maine.gov.