Euproctis chrysorrhoea (L.)

  • Close up of overwintering webs of browntail moth in northern red oak (Maine Forest Service Photo, April 2018)
  • Close up of overwintering webs of browntail moth in ornamental crabapple (Maine Forest Service Photo, February 2017)
  • Caterpillar of browntail moth (Maine Forest Service Photo, May 26, 2016)
  • Communal cocoon of browntail moth in an ornamental crabapple (Maine Forest Service Photo, June 20, 2016)
  • Communal cocoons of browntail moth (Maine Forest Service Photos)
  • Adult browntail moths (Maine Forest Service Photos, July 15, 2016)
  • Browntail moth eggs and adult (Bath Forestry Division Photo, July 17, 2017)
  • Late-summer browntail moth larvae and webs (Maine Forest Service Photos)
  • Browntail moth overwintering webs (Maine Forest Service Photos)

The browntail moth is an insect of forest and human health concern which was accidently introduced into Somerville, Massachusetts from Europe in 1897.  By 1913, the insect had spread to all of the New England states and New Brunswick and Nova Scotia.  Since that time, populations of this pest slowly decreased due to natural controls until the 1960's, when browntail moth was limited to Cape Cod and a few islands off the Maine coast in Casco Bay. Browntail moth populations are again building in Maine and are found in patches from the western Maine border to east of the Penobscot River.  A map of the known distribution of the pest in Maine is linked below.

Browntail Moth Risk Map (PDF | 2 MB)

The larval stage (caterpillar) of this insect feeds on the foliage of hardwood trees and shrubs including:  oak, shadbush, apple, cherry, beach plum, and rugosa rose.  Larval feeding causes reduction of growth and occasional mortality of valued trees and shrubs.  While feeding damage may cause some concern, the primary concern is the impact on humans from the browntail moth is the result of contact with poisonous hairs found on the caterpillars.  Contact of these hairs with human skin causes a rash similar to poison ivy that can be severe on some individuals.

Background Information

Survey & Management Resources

Video on Removing Browntail Caterpillar Nests

Removing Browntail Caterpillar Nests from Jeff Fischer on Vimeo.