Landowner Permission Requirements and Trapping on Private Property
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A person may not, without first obtaining the written consent of the landowner or occupant:
- Trap any wild animal on land in any organized or incorporated place or
- on the cultivated or pasture area of land that is used for agricultural purposes in any unorganized place and on which land there is an occupied dwelling.
You’re not required to obtain written consent of the landowner or occupant:
- When beaver trapping;
- When trapping with drowning sets in navigable rivers and streams unless you’re trapping within 200 yards of an occupied dwelling;
- When trapping with drowning sets on state-owned land and public rights-of-way.
A person may not trap any wild animal within 200 yards of an occupied dwelling without first obtaining the written consent of the owner or occupant of the land on which the trap is to be set unless they’re trapping for beaver.
Note: Setting traps on privately owned land is not permitted if the landowner indicated they do not want a person to trap there, either by a conspicuously posted sign or by word of mouth.
When trapping on someone else's land, the following is not allowed unless specific permission is given:
- Tearing down or destroying a fence or wall.
- Leaving open any gate or bars on another person's land unless they were open when found.
- Trampling or destroying crops.
- Cutting trees or removing branches from trees.
Trail/Game Cameras Law
People using trail and game cameras may not place a camera upon another person’s private land without written permission. All cameras must be labeled with the person’s name and contact information.
The Inland Fisheries and Wildlife Landowner Relations Program is working towards enhancing the relationship between landowners and land users. With approximately 94% of the land in Maine in private ownership, everyone must respect all landowners and their rights as landowners. All landowner wishes have to be followed by all outdoor recreational participants to help ensure access and use of private property in the years to come.
Trappers are expected to abide by a higher standard of landowner permission than any of the other outdoor recreational participants. This standard is a law that requires written permission from the landowner before going on someone else's land to set traps.
Because trappers have done a great job abiding by this requirement, there is now a better understanding of trapping by landowners and the public in general. Contacting the landowners for permission does put an extra burden on the trapper. However, the one-on-one communication between the trapper and landowner plays a vital role in improving landowner relations - not only for trappers - but for all outdoor recreational participants.
You are not allowed to go on another person's land to trap beaver if the landowner has asked you not to go there, either verbally or by posted notice.
We receive several complaints each year where trappers have set up on a beaver colony that the landowner does not want removed. Please make every effort to avoid this type of conflict. You can do that by communicating with landowners prior to the opening of the trapping season as to what their wishes or concerns may be.
The law covering abuse of another's property contains several prohibited acts, but the one most likely to be encountered by a trapper is the cutting of trees or branches on the land of another. Cutting is not allowed without landowner permission.
We would like to thank all trappers for the excellent efforts they have displayed in helping us improve landowner relations. What you do does make a difference.