Gasoline Distribution Bulk Terminals, Bulk Plants, and Pipeline Facilities; and Gasoline Dispensing Facilities Rule
(Gasoline Distribution Area Source Rule)
- Maine DEP's Chapter 118
- Maine DEP's Chapter 120
- Overview of Gasoline Distribution Area Source MACT
- Operational, Maintenance and Reporting Requirements for Gas Stations
- Testing Procedures
- Bulk Terminals, Plants and Pipelines
- Maine Regulations for Gasoline Distribution
Maine DEP has revised Chapter 118, "Gasoline Dispensing Facilities Vapor Control," (06-096 CMR 118) to include the repeal of the Stage II requirement as of January 1, 2012 and the addition of the requirements to coincide with EPA's NESHAP for gasoline dispensing facilities.
Highlights of changes to Chapter 118 include:
- Gasoline Dispensing Facilities (GDF) with a throughput less than 10,000 gallons per month: Chapter 118 amendments DO NOT affect your facility; however, you will continue to be subject to all existing requirements in the rule as applicable to your facility.
- GDF with a throughput of 100,000 gallons per month or greater: Effective January 10, 2011, these affected facilities must install pressure/vacuum vent valves according to federal requirements in 40 CFR Part 63 Subpart CCCCCC – National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Source Category: Gasoline Dispensing Facilities. These affected facilities must also perform a pressure decay test initially and at least every three years thereafter.
- GDF that have a Stage II vapor recovery system: Stage II will no longer be required after January 1, 2012 and those GDF using this system will have until January 1, 2013 to discontinue its use. There are specific steps that must be followed when discontinuing the use of a Stage II system to ensure all piping is properly capped and tested for vapor tightness, as detailed in Appendix A of Chapter 118.
- GDF at marinas and airports: GDF located at marinas and airports are subject to Chapter 118; however, the requirements of this Chapter do not apply to aviation gasoline.
This regulation requires that all tank trucks that transport and receive gasoline from a bulk gasoline terminal and/or plant be maintained leak‑tight and tested and certified annually. All tank trucks that transport gasoline from a terminal/plant must perform a Method 27 tank truck tightness test yearly to become certified. Maine accepts Method 27 certified trucks from out of state. Every certified tank truck is required to have the DEP initials (no less than 2” high and in a contrasting color), along with the date and expiration date displayed on both the left and right bulkhead of the tank truck.
This chapter requires individuals performing the test be registered with the DEP. The DEP also requires notification 24 hours in advance of the test being performed. Use this form to submit 24 Hour Notification to the Department.
In January 2008, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) published an area source National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for source categories: Gasoline Distribution Bulk Terminals, Bulk Plants, and Pipeline Facilities; and Gasoline Dispensing Facilities. This regulation has provisions to reduce emissions from all gas stations.
- EPA Regulation http://www.epa.gov/ttn/atw/area/fr10ja08.pdf
- Rule correction http://www.epa.gov/ttn/atw/area/fr07mr08.pdf
- EPA amendment to January 2008 rule: http://www.epa.gov/ttn/atw/gasdist/fr24ja11.pdf
This is a summary table. Compliance can only be determined with actual rule text in 40 CFR 63, subpart CCCCCC, Table 1.
|Operational and Maintenance Requirements
(Must be in compliance by 1/10/2011 for existing GDF, and upon startup2 for new GDF)
less than 10,000 gallons
1. Minimize spills.
None, however must be able to demonstrate, within 24 hours of request, throughput is below 10,000 gallons per month.
10,000 - 100,000 gallons
All of the requirements above plus:
Initial and Notice of
100,000 gallons or more
All of requirements above plus:
1. Initial notification by 5/9/08 for existing GDF, and within 15 days for new or reconstructed GDF.
The federal gas station regulation requires gas stations with throughputs greater than 100,000 gallons/month to test leak rate and cracking pressure, and static pressure performance. This testing needed to be conducted within 180 days of the NESHAP compliance date of January 10, 2011 and every three years thereafter. Valid testing procedures are:
- Leak rate and cracking pressure test procedures: California Air Resources Board Vapor Recovery Test Procedures TP – 201.1E – Leak Rate and Cracking pressure of Pressure of Pressure/Vacuum Vent Valves adopted October 8, 2003
- Static Pressure performance: California Air Resources Board Vapor Recovery Test Procedure TP – 201.3 – Determination of 2-inch WC Static Pressure Performance of Vapor Recovery System of Dispensing Facilities adopted April 12, 1996 and amended March 17, 1999.
NOTE: Maine DEP must be notified at least 5 days prior to testing and EPA must be notified 60 days prior to testing. Contact your regional office Bureau of Air Quality Inspector prior to the test.
Notice of Compliance Status and test results should be submitted to Maine DEP regional offices and EPA at:
U.S. EPA New England
5 Post Office Square
Suite 100 (OES04-2)
Boston, MA 02109-3912
Attn: Air Clerk
On January 10, 2008 EPA published the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for source categories: Gasoline Distribution Bulk Terminals, Bulk Plants, and Pipeline Facilities. Since the Maine regulations for gasoline bulk plants (see Chapter 118) include requirements for submerged fill, facilities in compliance with these requirements are not required to submit an initial notification or a notification of compliance status. Other subject facilities must submit their Notice of Compliance status by the compliance date or 60 days after completion of performance testing.
- Initial Notification/Notification of Compliance Status Report for Bulk Gasoline Plants (DOC)
- EPA Brochure http://www.epa.gov/ttn/atw/area/bulkgasb.pdf
- Chapter 118 – Gasoline Dispensing Facilities Vapor control
- Chapter 133 – Petroleum Liquids Transfer Vapor Recovery at Bulk Gasoline Plants
- Chapter 112 – Bulk Terminal Petroleum Liquid Transfer Requirements
- Chapter 111 – Petroleum Liquid Storage Vapor Control
- Chapter 120 – Gasoline Tank Truck Tightness Self-Certification
- EPA brochure - http://www.epa.gov/ttn/atw/area/gdfb.pdf
- EPA fact sheet - http://www.epa.gov/ttn/atw/area/gasdistfs122007.pdf
- EPA regulation - http://www.epa.gov/ttn/atw/area/fr10ja08.pdf