Sagittaria rigida Pursh
Habitat: Calcareous or brackish mud or water. [Tidal wetland (non-forested, wetland)]
Range: Maine and Quebec to Minnesota, south to Virginia, Tennessee, Missouri, and Nebraska.
Aids to Identification: Arrowheads are aquatic plants with 3-petalled white flowers and numerous stamens and carpels. The septate nodulose roots are distinctive. The identification of stiff arrowhead is complicated by the fact that its form is highly variable, depending upon the habitat in which it is growing. It can be distinguished from other arrow-head species by its leaves, which usually lack basal lobes, and by its sessile (stalkless) fruits and pistillate white flowers.
Ecological characteristics: In Maine, this species is typically found in fresh to brackish tidal mud flats.
Phenology: Flowers July - September.
Synonyms: None noted.
Known Distribution in Maine: This rare plant has been documented from a total of 13 town(s) in the following county(ies): Kennebec, Lincoln, Penobscot, Sagadahoc, York.
Reason(s) for rarity: At northern limit of range.
Conservation considerations: Prevent degradation of marsh and estuary habitat from adjacent land uses.