Photo: Oryzopsis canadensis

Piptatherum canadense (Poir.) Dorn

Canada Mountain-rice Grass

Habitat: Dry, sandy, rocky woods [Dry barrens (partly forested, uplands)]

Range: Newfoundland south to Maine, west to Minnesota and West Virginia, north to Alberta.

Aids to Identification: Piptatherum species are tufted perennials recognized by their single spikelet with glumes as long as the spikelet in an open panicle. The florets are awned. Canada mountain-rice grass has oblong, acute, and glabrous glumes slightly exceeding the pubescent lemma. The awn is 6-10 mm long and is twisted near the base. The leaves of Canada mountain-rice grass are rounded (as opposed to flat in the more common O. asperifolia).

Photo: Piptatherum canadensis

Ecological characteristics: Several sites are located in blueberry barrens.

Phenology: Fruits in June and July.

Family: Poaceae

Synonyms: Oryzopsis canadensis (Poir.) Torr.; Stipa canadensis Poir.

Known Distribution in Maine: This rare plant has been documented from a total of 20 towns in the following counties: Aroostook, Cumberland, Hancock, Knox, Lincoln, Oxford, Washington.

Reason(s) for rarity: Unclear, some locations are located in blueberry barrens which are historically not popular botanizing sites.

Conservation considerations: Sites in blueberry barrens are exposed to periodic burning and herbicides; it is unknown how this has affected populations.