Lead and Copper in Drinking Water
U.S. EPA's, February 29, 2016 recommendations for collection of Lead and Copper samples and March 2016 Optimal Corrosion Control Treatment document can be found under the Highlights section EPA's Lead and Copper Rule webpage.
New Reduction of Lead in Drinking Water Act
In January 2011, President Barack Obama signed into law The Reduction of Lead in Drinking Water Act (Lead Reduction Act), which amends Section 1417 of the Safe Drinking Water Act. The Lead Reduction Act changes the definition of “lead-free” from 8.0 percent to 0.25 percent. The Lead Reduction Act took effect on January 4, 2014 and requires pipes, pipe fittings, plumbing fittings, and fixtures to be "lead free."
The Safe Drinking Water Act states the following:
"it [is] unlawful for any person to introduce into commerce any pipe, or any pipe or plumbing fitting or fixture that is not lead free" and "no person may use any pipe, any pipe or plumbing fitting or fixture, any solder, or any flux, in the installation or repair of any public water system or any plumbing in a residential or nonresidential facility providing water for human consumption that is not lead free."
Lead is not normally found in source water, but can enter drinking water systems through the corrosion of the pipes and plumbing fixtures. Regulatory efforts to reduce the presence of lead in drinking water tend to focus on the lead content of drinking water system components. The federal law applies to any product used in systems where water is anticipated to be used for human consumption.
Summary Of The Reduction Of Lead In Drinking Water Act And Frequently Asked Questions (pdf, US EPA)
Lead-Free Certification Marks- How to Identify for Drinking Water Systems & Plumbing Materials (pdf, US EPA)
- How to Sample for Lead & Copper (PDF)
- Form 141-A (PDF)
- Sample Site Selection Guide for Community Water Systems (PDF)
- Sample Site Selection Guide for Non-Community Water Systems (PDF)
- Minimum Reporting Requirements for Customer Notification of Individual Lead Results (PDF)
- Instructions for Lead Customer Notification (PDF)
- Lead Customer Notification Template for Community Systems (PDF)
- Lead Customer Notification Template for NTNC Systems with Five Sites (PDF)
- Lead Customer Notification Template for NTNC Systems with Ten Sites (PDF)
- Lead and Copper Rule Quick Reference Guide (pdf, US EPA)
- Lead and Copper Rule: A Quick Reference Guide for Schools and Child Care Facilities that Are Regulated Under the Safe Drinking Water Act (pdf, US EPA)
- Consumer Confidence Reports
- Treatment Guidance