Maine CDC Health Advisory

March 30, 2023

Diagnosis and Treatment of Syphilis in Pregnant People

Maine CDC recently received notification of a case of congenital syphilis (CS). This is the second case of CS reported to Maine CDC in the past three months. Prior to December 2022, there had not been a case of CS reported in Maine in nearly 30 years.

Syphilis rates in the United States have been rising since 2012. From 2012 through 2021, the rate of syphilis cases increased by 224% in the U.S. and by 405% in Maine. In 2022, 23/112 (21%) of syphilis cases in Maine were women between the ages of 15 and 44 years (preliminary data). Preliminary 2021 data for the U.S. include 2,677 cases of CS, an increase of 702% from 2012.

Advisory (PDF)