Maine Unemployment Rate 3.4 Percent in October Bookmark and Share

November 16, 2018

AUGUSTA -- The Maine Department of Labor and the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics released October workforce estimates for Maine.

Seasonally Adjusted Statewide Estimates

Household Survey Estimates -- The preliminary seasonally adjusted unemployment rate estimate of 3.4 percent for October was little changed from 3.3 percent for September and up slightly from 3.2 percent one year ago. The number of unemployed was up 1,500 over the year at 23,800. Maineā€™s unemployment rate has been below 4.0 percent for 35 consecutive months, the longest period on record.

The U.S. preliminary unemployment rate of 3.7 percent for October was unchanged from September and down from 4.1 percent one year ago.

The New England average unemployment rate for October remained 3.6 percent, with New Hampshire 2.6 percent, Vermont 2.8 percent, Massachusetts 3.5 percent, Rhode Island 3.8 percent, and Connecticut 4.2 percent.

The employment to population ratio estimate of 61.5 percent remained above the 60.6 percent U.S. average.

Payroll Survey Estimates -- The 629,100 preliminary nonfarm payroll jobs estimate for October was up 7,900 from one year ago. The private sector estimate was up 7,300 to 528,700, with gains primarily in the education and healthcare and the leisure and hospitality sectors. The 100,400 jobs in government was up 600 over the year.

Not Seasonally Adjusted Substate Estimates

The not seasonally adjusted statewide unemployment rate estimate of 3.2 percent for October was up from 2.8 percent one year ago. Unemployment was lowest in Sagadahoc County (2.6 percent) and highest in Aroostook and Washington Counties (4.4 percent).

Among metro areas, the unemployment rate was below the statewide average in the Portland-South Portland area (2.7 percent) and close to the average in the Lewiston-Auburn (3.2 percent) and Bangor areas (3.3 percent).

November workforce estimates will be released Friday, December 21 (Data Release Schedule: ).

This release is available at .

Labor force and unemployment data is available at .

Nonfarm payroll jobs data is available at .

Monthly workforce estimates are cooperatively produced and released by the Maine Department of Labor, Center for Workforce Research and the U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.


  1. Preliminary labor force estimates, including rates (labor force participation, employment, and unemployment rates), and levels (labor force, employed, and unemployed) tend to move in a direction for several months and then reverse course. Those directional trends are largely driven by a smoothing procedure and may not indicate a change in underlying workforce conditions. Annual revisions (published in March each year) tend to moderate or eliminate those directional patterns. A comparison of 2017 preliminary and revised unemployment rate estimates is available at

  2. The 90 percent confidence interval for statewide unemployment rates in 2018 is 0.5 to 0.7 percentage points above or below the published estimate each month.

  3. To assess employment growth, we recommend looking at nonfarm jobs from the payroll survey rather than resident employment from the household survey. The payroll survey is larger, has smaller margins of error, and is subject to smaller revisions. More on the differences in accuracy of the two measures is at

  4. Nonfarm payroll jobs estimates tend to be volatile from month to month because there is variability in the sample of reporting employers and their representativeness for the universe of all employers. Additionally, seasonal adjustment is imperfect because weather, the beginning and ending of school semesters and holidays, and other events do not always occur with the same timing, which can exacerbate monthly volatility. Users should look to the trend over multiple months rather than the change from one specific month to another. Estimates for the period from October 2017 to September 2018 will be replaced with actual payroll data in March 2019. Those benchmark revisions are likely to show less volatility than preliminary estimates.

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