COVID-19 Vaccination in Maine
Page last updated 11-03-2021. This document will be updated on an ongoing basis.
Maine COVID-19 Vaccine FAQ
- Who is eligible for vaccination now?
Anyone age 5 or older is eligible to receive the COVID-19 vaccine in Maine.
Note that only the Pfizer vaccine is currently authorized for 5-11-year-olds and for 12-17-year-olds. The Moderna, Pfizer, and Johnson & Johnson / Janssen vaccines are all authorized for individuals 18 and older.
- Can residents from other states get vaccinated for COVID-19 in Maine, if they are otherwise eligible?
- Are youth under the age of 18 eligible to get a COVID-19 vaccine?
Yes. The Pfizer vaccine is authorized for individuals ages 5-11 & 12 to 17.
Neither of the other vaccines (i.e., Moderna or Johnson & Johnson / Janssen) is authorized by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for COVID-19 vaccination for those under age 18 at this time. Similarly, no COVID-19 vaccine is authorized for those 11 and younger at this time.
- Where can youth ages 12 to 17 get the Pfizer vaccine?
The State of Maine’s listing of vaccination sites will indicate which sites are accepting appointments for youth. The Community Vaccination Line (1-888-445-4111) will also be available to provide information regarding vaccine and clinic availability.
- Is consent from a parent or legal guardian required for individuals under the age of 18 to receive a COVID-19 vaccine?
Yes. Parental or guardian consent can be obtained in two ways.
Option 1: The first option for consent is by phone with a witness listening on the phone line as arranged by the vaccination site. Telephone registration staff can write “verbal consent obtained” on the guardian/parent signature line followed by their signature. And a witness can write “witnessed personally” followed by their signature.
Option 2: The second option is to provide consent on paper or electronically. Each vaccination site has a consent form. Such consent forms can be mailed in advance to vaccination sites, emailed to vaccination sites, or brought to sites at the time of registration.
A small number of youth may give their own consent for COVID-19 vaccination. This includes youth who:
- Are living separately from parents/legal guardian and independent of parental support. (A minor may prove he/she meets this exception with certain documentation, including a written statement signed by (1) the director or designee of a government or nonprofit agency that provides services to individuals experiencing homelessness, (2) a school social worker or counselor, or (3) an attorney representing the minor, or proof of filing for emancipation or a copy of a protection from abuse complaint or a temporary order or final order of protection against the minor’s parent or legal guardian);
- Are or were legally married;
- Are or were a member of the Armed Forces of the U.S.;
- Have been emancipated by the court.
- What type of identification is needed to verify a youth’s eligibility at the vaccine clinic?
In recognition that youth have less documentation of age, parents or guardians can attest to the eligibility of a youth in their care. Vaccine sites can also check the State immunization registry, ImmPact, to verify the date of birth of a person under 18 years-old.
Scheduling Your Vaccination
- How will people be told when a vaccine may be available for them?
People will learn about access to vaccines through the Maine CDC, employers, and their medical providers, and this website.
- Should I call my local town office, fire, or police department to speed up my chances of being vaccinated?
No. Doing so could interfere with their ability to deliver essential services.
- Why are there no appointments at a site on the Maine website that says it is open to the public?
A clinic may close registration when available vaccine slots are exhausted.
- I am now age-eligible. Will my doctor’s office contact me to help me get vaccinated?
Some but not all doctors’ offices will be reaching out to patients. Maine is listing sites open to the public on www.maine.gov/covid19/vaccines/vaccination-sites or search “Maine COVID vaccine sites” and click the official website link. If you need help navigating the website to schedule an appointment you can call 1-888-445-4111.
- What if I don’t use a computer? How can I get an appointment to be vaccinated?
Phone lines have been set up for sites administering the COVID-19 vaccine. If you do not have internet access, need assistance connecting to or navigating online resources, require interpretation assistance, are home bound and need transportation, or have other questions about resources your area, you can call the Community Vaccination Line at 1-888-445-4111.
- I lost my vaccination card. What should I do?
The Maine Immunization Program does not issue replacement COVID-19 vaccination cards, but you can use the online record request form or call 287-3746 to obtain a copy of your immunization record.
Alternatively, you could obtain verification of vaccination through your physician’s office, or the location where you received the COVID-19 vaccine.
About the COVID-19 Vaccine
- Why should I get a COVID-19 vaccine?
COVID-19 vaccination is the best protection we have to help keep you from getting COVID-19. Getting vaccinated may also protect people around you, particularly people at increased risk for severe illness from COVID-19. Vaccination is an important tool to help stop the COVID-19 pandemic.
- How do these vaccines work?
Two of the three vaccines, such as from Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna, use a genetic molecule known as mRNA to prime the immune system against COVID-19. The mRNA is packaged in an oily bubble that can fuse to a cell, allowing the molecule to slip in. The cell uses the mRNA to make proteins from the coronavirus, which stimulates the immune system. While the mRNA is destroyed by our cells within days, the immune protection from the vaccine may last for months or even years.
The Johnson & Johnson vaccine does not use mRNA. Rather, it's what's known as an adenovirus vector vaccine. It uses the more established approach of employing a harmless cold virus to deliver a gene that carries the blueprint for the spiky protein found on the surface of the coronavirus.
- What are the side effects?
The injection into your arm won’t feel different than any other vaccine. The side effects, which can resemble the symptoms of COVID-19, last about a day and appear more likely after the second dose of the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines. Early reports from vaccine trials suggest some people might need to take a day off from work because they feel lousy after receiving the second dose. In the Pfizer vaccine study, about half developed fatigue. Other side effects occurred in at least 25% to 33% of patients, sometimes more, including headaches, chills, minor swelling, pain at the injection site, and muscle pain. Side effects might affect your ability to do daily activities, but they should go away in a few days.
- Can the vaccine give me COVID-19?
No, it cannot. The vaccines authorized for use in the U.S. do not include any version of the coronavirus that causes COVID-19.
- How do I know the vaccine is safe?
Each vaccine company’s application to the federal Food and Drug Administration included two months of follow-up safety data from clinical trials conducted by universities and other independent bodies, during which tens of thousands of volunteers got a vaccine and waited to see if they became infected, compared with others who received a placebo. By September, Pfizer’s trial had 44,000 participants; no serious safety concerns have been reported.
While it is possible that a small number of adverse effects occur following vaccination, the health risk from COVID-19 is far greater than potential complications from the vaccine.
- I have a medical condition -- how will I know if the vaccine is safe for me?
- I’ve already had COVID-19. Do I need the vaccine?
It is recommended that people get a COVID-19 vaccine even if they were previously infected with the virus that causes COVID-19. People who had COVID-19 can get the vaccine when eligible to receive it after they’ve recovered from being ill with COVID-19.
- Does the COVID-19 vaccine require two doses?
Two of the currently authorized vaccines (Pfizer and Moderna) require two doses. Individuals are considered fully vaccinated 14 days after receiving a second dose of Pfizer or Moderna vaccine. The third currently authorized vaccine (Johnson & Johnson) requires a single dose. Individuals are considered fully vaccinated 14 days after receiving that dose.
If I receive a two-dose vaccine, should both doses of vaccine come from the same manufacturer?
Yes. When taking your primary course of vaccines, the types of vaccine are not interchangeable. People who get a vaccine that requires two doses must make sure they get the second dose from the same manufacturer as the first dose.
- Does anyone know how long it will take after your shot before it becomes effective?
This can vary by vaccine, and we will likely learn more about this over time. For the three currently authorized vaccines, individuals are considered fully vaccinated approximately 14 days after their final dose. For Pfizer and Moderna vaccines, individuals are considered fully vaccinated 14 days after their second dose. For the Johnson & Johnson vaccine, individuals are considered fully vaccinated 14 days after receiving one dose.
- Do I need to wear a mask and practice physical distancing after I am fully vaccinated?
The latest science indicates that fully vaccinated individuals are now able to safely socialize carefully with other fully vaccinated individuals in private settings without physical distancing and without wearing masks. In public places, it remains important for everyone to continue using all the tools available to us to help stop this pandemic, like covering your mouth and nose with a mask, washing hands often, and staying at least 6 feet away from others. Together, COVID-19 vaccination and following CDC’s recommendations for how to protect yourself and others will offer the best protection from getting and spreading COVID-19.Experts need to understand more about the protection that COVID-19 vaccines provide before deciding to change recommendations on steps everyone should take to slow the spread of the virus that causes COVID-19. Other factors, including how many people get vaccinated and how the virus is spreading in communities, will also affect this decision.
- When can I stop wearing a mask and practicing physical distancing after I've been vaccinated?
According to the U.S. CDC, fully vaccinated - 14 days post-final vaccination of either your two-dose Moderna or Pfizer vaccine or single-dose J&J vaccine - people can resume activities without wearing a mask or physically distancing, except where required by federal, state, local, tribal, or territorial laws, rules, and regulations, including local business and workplace guidance.
Other factors, including how many people get vaccinated and how the virus is spreading in communities, will also affect this decision.
- I am age-eligible. Why isn’t my doctor’s office contacting me to help me get vaccinated?
Some but not all doctors’ offices will be reaching out to patients. Maine is listing sites open to the public on www.maine.gov/covid19/vaccines/vaccination-sites or search “Maine COVID vaccine sites” and click the official website link. You can also call 1-888-445-4111.
- What if I don’t use a computer? How can I get an appointment to be vaccinated?
Phone lines have been and are being set up for all sites administering the COVID-19 vaccine. You can also call 1-888-445-4111. We ask for patience as these systems are being set up as quickly as possible.
- Will I have to pay for a vaccine?
No, vaccine doses purchased with U.S. taxpayer dollars will be provided at no cost. For people covered by Medicare, Medicaid, and most commercial insurance plans, the vaccine will be covered by insurance with no out-of-pocket cost. For uninsured people, any administrative fees charged by participating providers will be paid for by the federal Provider Relief Fund.
- Where can I learn more about each approved vaccine?
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has published detailed factsheets on each approved COVID-19 vaccine, which are available in multiple languages. Please find them here:
- Should I get the J&J vaccine?
On December 16, 2021, the U.S. CDC updated its recommendations to express a clinical preference for individuals to receive an mRNA COVID-19 vaccine over Johnson & Johnson's vaccine after further consideration and robust discussion about the latest scientific evidence of vaccine effectiveness, safety, rare adverse events and consideration of U.S. vaccine supply.
That said, given the current state of the pandemic the CDC advisory committee reaffirmed that receiving any vaccine is better than being unvaccinated and individuals who are unable or unwilling to receive an mRNA vaccine will continue to have access to the J&J COVID-19 vaccine.
- Why was use of the J&J vaccine paused?
On April 13, 2021, after six cases of extremely rare but severe cases of blood clots associated with low platelet count were reported in women who had received the Johnson & Johnson/Janssen vaccine, the U.S. CDC and U.S. FDA paused use of the vaccine. This pause allowed the U.S. CDC’s Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices to investigate the case reports and assess the safety of the vaccine.
Maine halted use of the J&J vaccine in the state of Maine on April 13, 2021, while the scientific review process took place.
- What did the U.S. CDC and FDA decide after their scientific review of the J&J vaccine?
After an 11-day pause on the use of the Johnson & Johnson/Janssen vaccine to review scientific and case data related to extremely rare cases of severe blood clots, the U.S. CDC and FDA authorized providers to resume use of the J&J vaccine on April 23, 2021.
The pause was instituted after reports of six cases of a rare and severe type of blood clot in individuals following administration of the Janssen COVID-19 Vaccine. During the pause, medical and scientific teams at the FDA and CDC examined available data to assess the risk of thrombosis involving the cerebral venous sinuses, or CVST (large blood vessels in the brain), and other sites in the body (including but not limited to the large blood vessels of the abdomen and the veins of the legs) along with thrombocytopenia, or low blood platelet counts. The teams at FDA and CDC also conducted extensive outreach to providers and clinicians to ensure they were made aware of the potential for these adverse events and could properly manage and recognize these events due to the unique treatment required for these blood clots and low platelets, also known as thrombosis-thrombocytopenia syndrome (TTS).
Following their scientific review, U.S. CDC and FDA determined the following:
- Use of the Janssen COVID-19 Vaccine should be resumed in the United States.
- The FDA and CDC have confidence that this vaccine is safe and effective in preventing COVID-19.
- The FDA has determined that the available data show that the vaccine’s known and potential benefits outweigh its known and potential risks.
- At this time, the available data suggest that the chance of TTS occurring is very low, and the FDA and CDC will remain vigilant in continuing to investigate this risk.
- Health care providers administering the vaccine and vaccine recipients or caregivers should review the Janssen COVID-19 Vaccine Fact Sheet for Healthcare Providers Administering Vaccine (Vaccination Providers) and Fact Sheet for Recipients and Caregivers, which have been revised to include information about the risk of this syndrome, which has occurred in a very small number of people who have received the Janssen COVID-19 Vaccine.
- Can I get the J&J vaccine now?
Yes, the Johnson & Johnson vaccine is available to individuals age 18 and older, per the emergency use authorization.
COVID-19 Vaccine Supply
- How many doses will the state receive of the COVID-19 vaccine?
Details about Maine’s COVID-19 vaccine orders are available here.
- Is the vaccine safe for children 5-11?
The Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine has gone through all the same clinical trials and rigorous approval processes that every vaccine for children goes through. This vaccine and others for COVID-19 have been developed faster than other vaccines because scientists and governments around the world have contributed expertise and funding to their development.
Hundreds of millions of doses of COVID-19 vaccine have been safely administered in the United States. The pediatric vaccine is a smaller dose for children ages 5 – 11 that has been proven safe and effective in clinical trials.
- Will my child experience side effects after receiving the vaccine?
In the clinical trial for the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine for 5-11-year-olds, the most common side effects were fatigue (39%), headache (28%), and muscle pain (12%). As with adults, the reactions were more common after the 2nd dose. Fever/chills were less frequent compared to older children and adults.
Reactions to vaccines materialize in the first weeks/months after receiving the vaccine, not years later. Given that mRNA research began in 1961 and the first clinical trials using mRNA technology began in 2001, there is no reason to think that these vaccines would be any different than other vaccines in terms of long-term safety.
- Is there a fertility/development concern with vaccinating children before they reach puberty?
No. There is no evidence that any vaccines, including the COVID-19 vaccines, can cause female or male fertility problems.
- Why should my child get a COVID-19 vaccine?
The Delta variant resulted in a surge of COVID-19 cases in children across the country throughout the summer. During a 6-week period in late June to mid-August, COVID-19 hospitalizations among children and adolescents increased fivefold.
Getting your child vaccinated helps protect them against contracting COVID-19, as well as protecting them against serious illness or death from the disease. Being vaccinated also protects children from the long-term effects of COVID-19, including Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children (MIS-C), a rare but serious condition associated with COVID-19 in children in which different body parts become inflamed including the heart, lungs, kidneys, brain, skin, eyes, or gastrointestinal organs.
Fully vaccinated children may also be able to avoid quarantining if they are a close contact of a confirmed case. This allows them to remain in school and participate in after-school activities with fewer interruptions. Additional details on this topic will be forthcoming in future updates to the Maine School Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) for Responding to a Positive Case in Schools.
- How is the vaccine for kids different from the vaccine for adults?
The Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine for children is administered in a smaller dose that is one-third of the dose administered to adolescents and adults. This smaller dose is what was used in the clinical trial that supported authorization of this formulation for children 5-11. The vaccine is packaged with different colored tops so that providers can quickly differentiate the Pfizer vaccine for children from the vaccine for adults.
- Does weight or age determine which vaccine a child should receive?
While certain medicines like Tylenol or other pain killers are dosed according to the age of the recipient, vaccines are based on the age of the immune system. A child should receive the dose of COVID-19 based on their age on the day of vaccination.
If a child turns from 11 to 12 years of age in between their first and second dose they should receive the adult dose of the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine (which is authorized for 12-17-year-olds) for their second dose. If a child turns from 11 to 12 years of age in between their first and second dose and receives the pediatric Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine for their second dose, they do not need to repeat the dose.
- Do children need two doses of the vaccine?
Yes, the recommended course for the Pfizer vaccine for children is two doses, separated by three weeks.
- When are children considered fully vaccinated?
Like adults, children are considered fully vaccinated 14 days after they receive the second dose of their Pfizer vaccine.
- If my child already had an infection with COVID-19, should they get a vaccine?
Children with prior infection or disease with COVID-19 should receive a COVID-19 vaccination, according to U.S. CDC guidelines.
- Where will vaccines for younger children be available?
Finding available COVID-19 vaccines for anyone 5 years and older is convenient. Pharmacies, Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs), school-based clinics, and community health centers are being leveraged to administer the COVID-19 vaccine to children who may not seek service in a pediatric practice. FQHCs, pharmacies, public health, and pediatric provider networks can partner with schools, districts, and communities to host pediatric vaccination clinics. These vaccine providers can encourage school-based and extracurricular vaccination for younger school-aged children to hold targeted programs to ensure equity and coverage. Clinics are being offered across the state at healthcare clinics, provider offices, large throughput sites, pharmacies, and other locations. Find a vaccine at maine.gov/covid19/vaccines or call the Community Vaccination Line at 1-888-445-4111.
- How will vaccine safety be monitored in this age group?
COVID-19 vaccines have undergone – and will continue to undergo – the most intensive safety monitoring in U.S. history. U.S. CDC and FDA will continue to monitor safety using their established and new safety monitoring systems. Parents/caregivers can enroll your child in v-safe, a free and easy-to-use smartphone-based app, where you can complete health check-ins after COVID-19 vaccination and report how you child is feeling after vaccination. Additionally, patients, caregivers, and vaccine providers are also asked to report adverse events after vaccination to the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS), even if it is not clear that the vaccine caused the adverse event. The U.S. CDC reviews all the information and reports any serious adverse reactions.
- Is the Maine CDC worried about myocarditis or pericarditis after vaccination in children?
Cases of myocarditis (inflammation of the heart muscle) and pericarditis (inflammation of the outer lining of the heart) have been reported after Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccination of children ages 12–17 years. These reactions are rare; in one study, the risk of myocarditis after the second dose of Pfizer-BioNTech in the week following vaccination was around 54 cases per million doses administered to males ages 12–17 years.
- Is it safe to co-administer COVID-19 vaccines with other vaccines, like flu?
Yes, if a patient is eligible, both flu and COVID-19 vaccines can be administered at the same visit, as recommended by U.S. CDC and its advisory committee, ACIP, as well as by Maine CDC Director Nirav D. Shah. In addition to flu vaccine, COVID-19 vaccine can be given with other vaccines as well.
- Will COVID-19 vaccines for children be free?
Yes, COVID-19 vaccines are available for everyone at no cost, including the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine for children ages 5 through 11. COVID-19 vaccines will continue to be given to all eligible people living in the United States, regardless of insurance or immigration status.
- Will children younger than 12 receive a vaccine card?
Yes, all vaccine recipients, including children ages 5-11, will receive a U.S. CDC vaccination card upon initial vaccination.
- Do I need a booster dose?
- The Maine CDC recommends that everyone age 12 and older, who completed the two-dose Pfizer or Moderna vaccine series at least five months ago get a booster dose.
Any adult 18 and older who received the single-dose J&J COVID-19 vaccine at least two months ago is eligible to get a booster dose.
- What is considered a “booster” dose?
A “booster dose” refers to another dose of a vaccine that is given at least 5 months after a second dose of the Pfizer or Moderna vaccine, and at least 2 months after receiving the J&J vaccine, to someone who built enough protection after vaccination, but then that protection decreased over time (this is called waning immunity).
Sometimes people who are moderately to severely immunocompromised do not build enough (or any) protection when they first get a vaccination. When this happens, getting another dose of the vaccine can sometimes help them build more protection against the disease. This appears to be the case for some immunocompromised people and COVID-19 vaccines. In contrast to a booster dose, the U.S. CDC recommends moderately to severely immunocompromised people consider receiving an additional (third) dose of an mRNA COVID-19 vaccine (Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna) at least 28 days after the completion of the initial 2-dose mRNA COVID-19 vaccine series.
- The clinic where I was vaccinated is now closed. Where do I get my booster shot?
- Vaccines are widely available across the state at doctors’ offices, pharmacies, and hospital clinics. You can find a vaccination site here: https://www.maine.gov/covid19/vaccines/vaccination-sites
- Can I "mix and match" vaccine types for my booster dose?
Pfizer is the only FDA-authorized vaccine for people younger than 18, so it is the vaccine used as a booster for those age 12 to 17.
If you are 18 or older, eligible individuals may choose which vaccine they receive as a booster dose. Some people may have a preference for the vaccine type that they originally received, and others may prefer to get a different booster. The U.S. CDC’s recommendations now allow individuals to get any of the approved and authorized vaccines as a booster, regardless of what initial doses they received.
- Can I get a COVID-19 booster and a flu shot at the same time?
- Yes. Aside from the usual side effects related to your vaccines, such as soreness at the site of the injection and general feelings of lethargy and achiness, it is safe to get both your COVID-19 vaccine and your flu shot at the same time, though, for your own comfort, you may want to choose different arms.
- How soon after my last shot can I get a booster?
- The U.S. FDA and U.S. CDC recommend waiting for the following periods of time before getting a booster shot
- at least five months if you completed the primary two-dose Pfizer or Moderna vaccine series
- at least two months if you received the primary single-dose Johnson & Johnson vaccine
This is true for all who are age-eligible.
- Should I still get my booster shot if had experienced a breakthrough case of COVID-19?
Yes. Individuals who have had COVID-19 after being fully vaccinated can and should get a COVID-19 booster vaccine after the 5-day isolation period if they are not experiencing symptoms and if it has been five months since completing their Pfizer or Moderna vaccination series, or two months since their initial J&J shot.
- Do I have to get a booster to be considered fully vaccinated?
- No. At this time, you are considered fully vaccinated once you are 14 days out from your final dose of your initial vaccine, whether that was the two-shot Pfizer or Moderna vaccines or your single-shot Johnson & Johnson vaccine.