COVID-19 Vaccination in Maine

Page last updated 10-22-2021. This document will be updated on an ongoing basis. 

New: These FAQs address mandatory COVID-19 vaccination of health care workers in Maine.

Maine COVID-19 Vaccine FAQ

Vaccine Eligibility

Who is eligible for vaccination now?

Anyone age 12 or older is eligible to receive the COVID-19 vaccine in Maine.

Note that only the Pfizer vaccine is currently authorized for 12-17-year-olds. The Moderna, Pfizer, and Johnson & Johnson / Janssen vaccines are all authorized for individuals 18 and older.

Can residents from other states get vaccinated for COVID-19 in Maine, if they are otherwise eligible?  


Are youth under the age of 18 eligible to get a COVID-19 vaccine?

Yes. The Pfizer vaccine is authorized for individuals ages 12 to 17.  

Neither of the other vaccines (i.e., Moderna or Johnson & Johnson / Janssen) is authorized by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for COVID-19 vaccination for those under age 18 at this time. Similarly, no COVID-19 vaccine is authorized for those 11 and younger at this time.  

Where can youth ages 12 to 17 get the Pfizer vaccine?

The Pfizer vaccine requires special handling, which limits its distribution. So, not every vaccination site in Maine can offer the Pfizer vaccine. Additionally, not every vaccination site with Pfizer vaccine is prepared to vaccinate youth at this time. 

The State of Maine’s listing of vaccination sites will indicate which sites are accepting appointments for youth. The Community Vaccination Line (1-888-445-4111) will also be available to provide information regarding vaccine and clinic availability. 

Is consent from a parent or legal guardian required for individuals under the age of 18 to receive a COVID-19 vaccine? 

Yes. Parental or guardian consent can be obtained in two ways.  

Option 1: The first option for consent is by phone with a witness listening on the phone line as arranged by the vaccination site. Telephone registration staff can write “verbal consent obtained” on the guardian/parent signature line followed by their signature. And a witness can write “witnessed personally” followed by their signature. 

Option 2: The second option is to provide consent on paper or electronically. Each vaccination site has a consent form. Such consent forms can be mailed in advance to vaccination sites, emailed to vaccination sites, or brought to sites at the time of registration. 

A small number of youth may give their own consent for COVID-19 vaccination. This includes youth who: 

  • Are living separately from parents/legal guardian and independent of parental support.  (A minor may prove he/she meets this exception with certain documentation, including a written statement signed by (1) the director or designee of a government or nonprofit agency that provides services to individuals experiencing homelessness, (2) a school social worker or counselor, or (3) an attorney representing the minor, or proof of filing for emancipation or a copy of a protection from abuse complaint or a temporary order or final order of protection against the minor’s parent or legal guardian); 
  • Are or were legally married; 
  • Are or were a member of the Armed Forces of the U.S.; 
  • Have been emancipated by the court. 
What type of identification is needed to verify a youth’s eligibility at the vaccine clinic? 

In recognition that youth have less documentation of age, parents or guardians can attest to the eligibility of a youth in their care. Vaccine sites can also check the State immunization registry, ImmPact, to verify the date of birth of a person under 18 years-old. 

Scheduling Your Vaccination

How will people be told when a vaccine may be available for them? 

People will learn about access to vaccines through the Maine CDC, employers, and their medical providers, and this website.

Should I call my local town office, fire, or police department to speed up my chances of being vaccinated?

No. Doing so could interfere with their ability to deliver essential services.

Why are there no appointments at a site on the Maine website that says it is open to the public?

A clinic may close registration when available vaccine slots are exhausted. 

I am now age-eligible. Will my doctor’s office contact me to help me get vaccinated?

Some but not all doctors’ offices will be reaching out to patients. Maine is listing sites open to the public on or search “Maine COVID vaccine sites” and click the official website link. If you need help navigating the website to schedule an appointment you can call 1-888-445-4111.

What if I don’t use a computer? How can I get an appointment to be vaccinated?

Phone lines have been set up for sites administering the COVID-19 vaccine. If you do not have internet access, need assistance connecting to or navigating online resources, require interpretation assistance, are home bound and need transportation, or have other questions about resources your area, you can call the Community Vaccination Line at 1-888-445-4111.  

I lost my vaccination card. What should I do?

The Maine Immunization Program does not issue replacement COVID-19 vaccination cards, but you can use the online record request form or call 287-3746 to obtain a copy of your  immunization record.

Alternatively, you could obtain verification of vaccination through your physician’s office, or the location where you received the COVID-19 vaccine.

About the COVID-19 Vaccine

Why should I get a COVID-19 vaccine?

COVID-19 vaccination is the best protection we have to help keep you from getting COVID-19. Getting vaccinated may also protect people around you, particularly people at increased risk for severe illness from COVID-19. Vaccination is an important tool to help stop the COVID-19 pandemic. 

How do these new vaccines work?

Two of the three vaccines, such as from Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna, use a genetic molecule known as mRNA to prime the immune system against COVID-19. The mRNA is packaged in an oily bubble that can fuse to a cell, allowing the molecule to slip in. The cell uses the mRNA to make proteins from the coronavirus, which stimulates the immune system. While the mRNA is destroyed by our cells within days, the immune protection from the vaccine may last for months or even years.

The Johnson & Johnson vaccine does not use mRNA. Rather, it's what's known as an adenovirus vector vaccine. It uses the more established approach of employing a harmless cold virus to deliver a gene that carries the blueprint for the spiky protein found on the surface of the coronavirus.

What are the side effects?

The injection into your arm won’t feel different than any other vaccine. The side effects, which can resemble the symptoms of COVID-19, last about a day and appear more likely after the second dose of the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines. Early reports from vaccine trials suggest some people might need to take a day off from work because they feel lousy after receiving the second dose. In the Pfizer vaccine study, about half developed fatigue. Other side effects occurred in at least 25 percent to 33 percent of patients, sometimes more, including headaches, chills, minor swelling, pain at the injection site, and muscle pain. Side effects might affect your ability to do daily activities, but they should go away in a few days.

Can the vaccine give me COVID-19?

No, it cannot. The vaccines authorized for use in the U.S. do not include any version of the coronavirus that causes COVID-19. 

How do I know the vaccine is safe? 

Each vaccine company’s application to the federal Food and Drug Administration included two months of follow-up safety data from clinical trials conducted by universities and other independent bodies, during which tens of thousands of volunteers got a vaccine and waited to see if they became infected, compared with others who received a placebo. By September, Pfizer’s trial had 44,000 participants; no serious safety concerns have been reported. 

While it is possible that a small number of adverse effects occur following vaccination, the health risk from COVID-19 is far greater than potential complications from the vaccine.

I have a medical condition -- how will I know if the vaccine is safe for me?

You should discuss any concerns with your health care provider to determine your best course of action. For more about the three approved COVID-19 vaccines, consult this U.S. CDC fact sheet. 

I’ve already had COVID-19. Do I need the vaccine?

It is recommended that people get a COVID-19 vaccine even if they were previously infected with the virus that causes COVID-19. People who had COVID-19 can get the vaccine when eligible to receive it after they’ve recovered from being ill with COVID-19.

Does the COVID-19 vaccine require two doses?

Two of the currently authorized vaccines (Pfizer and Moderna) require two doses. Individuals are considered fully vaccinated 14 days after receiving a second dose of Pfizer or Moderna vaccine. The third currently authorized vaccine (Johnson & Johnson) requires a single dose. Individuals are considered fully vaccinated 14 days after receiving that dose.

If I receive a two-dose vaccine, should both doses of vaccine come from the same manufacturer?

Yes. The vaccines are not interchangeable. People who get a vaccine that requires two doses must make sure they get the second dose from the same manufacturer as the first dose.  

Does anyone know how long it will take after your shot before it becomes effective?

This can vary by vaccine, and we will likely learn more about this over time. For the three currently authorized vaccines, individuals are considered fully vaccinated approximately 14 days after their final dose. For Pfizer and Moderna vaccines, individuals are considered fully vaccinated 14 days after their second dose. For the Johnson & Johnson vaccine, individuals are considered fully vaccinated 14 days after receiving one dose.

Do I need to wear a mask and practice physical distancing after I am fully vaccinated? 

The latest science indicates that fully vaccinated individuals are now able to safely socialize carefully with other fully vaccinated individuals in private settings without physical distancing and without wearing masks. In public places, it remains important for everyone to continue using all the tools available to us to help stop this pandemic, like covering your mouth and nose with a mask, washing hands often, and staying at least 6 feet away from others. Together, COVID-19 vaccination and following CDC’s recommendations for how to protect yourself and others will offer the best protection from getting and spreading COVID-19.

Experts need to understand more about the protection that COVID-19 vaccines provide before deciding to change recommendations on steps everyone should take to slow the spread of the virus that causes COVID-19. Other factors, including how many people get vaccinated and how the virus is spreading in communities, will also affect this decision. 
When can I stop wearing a mask and practicing physical distancing after I've been vaccinated?

According to the U.S. CDC, fully vaccinated - 14 days post-final vaccination of either your two-dose Moderna or Pfizer vaccine or single-dose J&J vaccine -  people can resume activities without wearing a mask or physically distancing, except where required by federal, state, local, tribal, or territorial laws, rules, and regulations, including local business and workplace guidance.

Other factors, including how many people get vaccinated and how the virus is spreading in communities, will also affect this decision.

I am age-eligible. Why isn’t my doctor’s office contacting me to help me get vaccinated?

Some but not all doctors’ offices will be reaching out to patients. Maine is listing sites open to the public on or search “Maine COVID vaccine sites” and click the official website link. You can also call 1-888-445-4111.

What if I don’t use a computer? How can I get an appointment to be vaccinated?

Phone lines have been and are being set up for all sites administering the COVID-19 vaccine. You can also call 1-888-445-4111. We ask for patience as these systems are being set up as quickly as possible.

Will I have to pay for a vaccine?  

No, vaccine doses purchased with U.S. taxpayer dollars will be provided at no cost. For people covered by Medicare, Medicaid, and most commercial insurance plans, the vaccine will be covered by insurance with no out-of-pocket cost. For uninsured people, any administrative fees charged by participating providers will be paid for by the federal Provider Relief Fund. 

Where can I learn more about each approved vaccine?

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has published detailed factsheets on each approved COVID-19 vaccine, which are available in multiple languages. Please find them here:

Why was use of the J&J vaccine paused? 

On April 13, 2021, after six cases of extremely rare but severe cases of blood clots associated with low platelet count were reported in women who had received the Johnson & Johnson/Janssen vaccine, the U.S. CDC and U.S. FDA paused use of the vaccine. This pause allowed the U.S. CDC’s Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices to investigate the case reports and assess the safety of the vaccine.  

Maine halted use of the J&J vaccine in the state of Maine on April 13, 2021, while the scientific review process took place.  

What did the U.S. CDC and FDA decide after their scientific review of the J&J vaccine?

After an 11-day pause on the use of the Johnson & Johnson/Janssen vaccine to review scientific and case data related to extremely rare cases of severe blood clots, the U.S. CDC and FDA authorized providers to resume use of the J&J vaccine on April 23, 2021.  

The pause was instituted after reports of six cases of a rare and severe type of blood clot in individuals following administration of the Janssen COVID-19 Vaccine. During the pause, medical and scientific teams at the FDA and CDC examined available data to assess the risk of thrombosis involving the cerebral venous sinuses, or CVST (large blood vessels in the brain), and other sites in the body (including but not limited to the large blood vessels of the abdomen and the veins of the legs) along with thrombocytopenia, or low blood platelet counts. The teams at FDA and CDC also conducted extensive outreach to providers and clinicians to ensure they were made aware of the potential for these adverse events and could properly manage and recognize these events due to the unique treatment required for these blood clots and low platelets, also known as thrombosis-thrombocytopenia syndrome (TTS). 

Following their scientific review, U.S. CDC and FDA determined the following: 

  • Use of the Janssen COVID-19 Vaccine should be resumed in the United States.  
  • The FDA and CDC have confidence that this vaccine is safe and effective in preventing COVID-19. 
  • The FDA has determined that the available data show that the vaccine’s known and potential benefits outweigh its known and potential risks. 
  • At this time, the available data suggest that the chance of TTS occurring is very low, and the FDA and CDC will remain vigilant in continuing to investigate this risk. 
  • Health care providers administering the vaccine and vaccine recipients or caregivers should review the Janssen COVID-19 Vaccine Fact Sheet for Healthcare Providers Administering Vaccine (Vaccination Providers) and Fact Sheet for Recipients and Caregivers, which have been revised to include information about the risk of this syndrome, which has occurred in a very small number of people who have received the Janssen COVID-19 Vaccine. 
Can I get the J&J vaccine now?

Yes, the Johnson & Johnson vaccine is available to individuals age 18 and older, per the emergency use authorization. 

COVID-19 Vaccine Supply

How many doses will the state receive of the COVID-19 vaccine? 

Details about Maine’s COVID-19 vaccine orders are available here.

Booster Doses

Do I need a booster dose?
The U.S. CDC recommends that some individuals who received the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines get a booster dose. The U.S. CDC recommends that all individuals who are 18 years old and who received the Johnson & Johnson vaccine at least two months ago receive a booster dose.
What is considered a “booster” dose?

A “booster dose” refers to another dose of a vaccine that is given at least 6 months after a second dose in the cases of those who received the Pfizer or Moderna vaccines, and at least 2 months after receiving the J&J vaccine, to someone who built enough protection after vaccination, but then that protection decreased over time (this is called waning immunity).

Sometimes people who are moderately to severely immunocompromised do not build enough (or any) protection when they first get a vaccination. When this happens, getting another dose of the vaccine can sometimes help them build more protection against the disease. This appears to be the case for some immunocompromised people and COVID-19 vaccines. In contrast to a booster dose, the U.S. CDC recommends moderately to severely immunocompromised people consider receiving an additional (third) dose of an mRNA COVID-19 vaccine (Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna) at least 28 days after the completion of the initial 2-dose mRNA COVID-19 vaccine series.

Who is eligible for a booster dose?
  1. People 65 years and older and residents in long-term care settings should receive a booster shot of Pfizer-BioNTech’s or Moderna's COVID-19 vaccine at least 6 months after their Pfizer-BioNTech primary series,  

  2. People aged 50–64 years with underlying medical conditions should receive a booster shot of Pfizer-BioNTech’s or Moderna's COVID-19 vaccine at least 6 months after their Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna primary series,

  3. People aged 18–49 years with underlying medical conditions may receive a booster shot of Pfizer-BioNTech’s or Moderna's COVID-19 vaccine at least 6 months after their Pfizer-BioNTech primary series, based on their individual benefits and risks, and

  4. People aged 18-64 years who are at increased risk for COVID-19 exposure and transmission because of occupational or institutional setting may receive a booster shot of Pfizer-BioNTech’s or Moderna's COVID-19 vaccine at least 6 months after their Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna primary series, based on their individual benefits and risks.

  5. Any individual 18 years of age and older who were vaccinated with the Johnson & Johnson/Janssen (J&J) primary vaccine two or more months ago.

Which underlying medical conditions qualify someone as being eligible for a COVID-19 booster?

If you have received your primary series of either the Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna vaccine 6 or more months ago, or received your initial J&J vaccine 2 or more months ago, and have an underlying medical condition, the U.S. CDC recommends that you get a booster shot. 

The U.S. CDC has presented this list of qualifying medical conditions in alphabetical order and not in order of risk. Their list is not exhaustive, and if you have questions about whether you should receive a booster dose, you should speak with your healthcare provider.

The clinic where I was vaccinated is now closed. Where do I get my booster shot?
Vaccines are widely available across the state at doctors’ offices, pharmacies, and hospital clinics. You can find a vaccination site here:
Can I "mix and match" vaccine types for my booster dose?

Yes. Eligible individuals may choose which vaccine they receive as a booster dose. Some people may have a preference for the vaccine type that they originally received, and others may prefer to get a different booster. The U.S. CDC’s recommendations now allow individuals to get any of the approved and authorized vaccines as a booster, regardless of what initial doses they received.

Can I get a COVID-19 booster and a flu shot at the same time?
Yes. Aside from the usual side effects related to your vaccines, such as soreness at the site of the injection and general feelings of lethargy and achiness, it is safe to get both your COVID-19 vaccine and your flu shot at the same time, though, for your own comfort, you may want to choose different arms.
How soon after my last shot can I get a booster?
The U.S. FDA and U.S. CDC recommend waiting at least six months after your final dose of your initial two-dose series of Pfizer or Moderna COVID-19 shots. 

The U.S. FDA and U.S. CDC recommend waiting at least two months after your initial J&J COVID-19 vaccine before getting a booster shot. 
Do I have to get a booster to be considered fully vaccinated?
No. At this time, you are considered fully vaccinated once you are 14 days out from your final dose of your initial vaccine, whether that was the two-shot Pfizer or Moderna vaccines or your single-shot Johnson & Johnson vaccine.
Which occupations are considered at high risk for severe risk of exposure to COVID-19?

The U.S. CDC notes certain populations (such as those who work in health care, schools, correctional facilities, homeless shelters, among others) who may be eligible to receive a booster dose of the Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna COVID-19 . Maine people 18-64 years of age should work with their medical providers to determine their level of risk related to exposure based on where they live and work.