There are nine species of woodpeckers found in Maine: Red-headed (Melanerpes erythrocephalus), Red-bellied (Melanerpes carolinus), Yellow-bellied Sapsucker (Sphyrapicus varius), Downy (Picoides pubescens), Hairy (Picoides villosus), Three-toed (Picoides tridactylus), Black-backed (Picoides arcticus), Northern Flicker (Colaptes auratus) and Pileated (Dryocopus pileatus).
Woodpeckers play a vital role in helping to control insect pests. Woodpeckers can be considered pests when they use buildings in their search of food, or as a surface for territorial/social drumming, or for nest construction. Such activities not only create disturbing noises, but, more significantly, may cause structural damage.
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Identification and Control Information
- Preventing Woodpecker Damage (PDF)—Colorado State University Extension
- Wildlife Damage Management Series: Woodpeckers (PDF)—Utah State University Cooperative Extension
- Urban Wildlife Damage Control: Woodpeckers (PDF)—Kansas State University
- Prevention and Control of Wildlife Damage: Woodpeckers (PDF)—Internet Center for Wildlife Damage Management
- Woodpeckers Drilling & Drumming—Massachusetts Audubon
- Preventing and Dealing with Nuisance Wildlife Encounters (PDF)—Ohio Department of Natural Resources
- Dealing with Nuisance Wildlife (PDF)—University of Maryland Cooperative Extension
[Photos, left to right: David Cappaert, Michigan State University, Bugwood.org; USDA Forest Service - North Central Research Station Archive, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org; James Solomon, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org; Johnny N. Dell, Bugwood.org; Joseph O'Brien, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org; Randy Cyr, Greentree, Bugwood.org]