Black Vine Weevil—Otiorhynchus sulcatus

Black vine weevils can be a serious pests in nurseries and home ornamentals. They feed on over 100 kinds of trees, vines and flowers, prefering yews and rhododendrons, but also attacking hemlocks, begonias, geraniums, lilacs, peonies, raspberries and strawberries. The adults feed on foliage, but the larvae do the real damage by chewing on the roots, sometimes girdling the main stem, and often killing the host plant.

black vine weevil larvae
Black vine weevil larvae are off-white with a brown head, C-shaped and legless. They grow slowly over the summer, molting 5 or 6 times and reaching a mature size of 5/8 inch.

black vine weevil adult
Adults are dull gray to brownish-black, with white or gold flecks on the wings, 3/8 to 1/2 inch long, with a short snout and elbowed antennae. They cannot fly.

black vine weevil damage
Adults feed along leaf margins producing crescent shaped notches. Adult feeding seems to have little effect on plant health, but indicates the presence of the damaging larvae.

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Identification and Control Information

[Photos, left to right: Peggy Greb, USDA Agricultural Research Service,; Joseph Berger,; Jim Baker, North Carolina State University,]