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 PL 96-420, Maine Indian Claims
Settlement Act of 1980


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Maine Indian Claims Settlement
Last updated: July 2018

Introduction

In the early 1970s, the Passamaquoddy Tribe declared their intention to claim nearly twelve million acres of Maine. The Tribe petitioned the Department of the Interior to act as their agent to enforce their claim against the State. The Interior Department denied their request. The Tribe filed suit in federal district court to establish a trust relationship between the United States and the Tribe. In Joint Tribal Council of the Passamaquoddy Tribe v. Morton, 388 F. Supp. 649, the Tribe won a declaratory judgment that affirmed their claim. This decision was affirmed on appeal to the United States Court of Appeals in Joint Tribal Council of the Passamaquoddy Tribe v. Morton, 528 F. 2d 370.

The U.S. Department of Justice initiated talks to reach a settlement agreement between the Tribe and the State of Maine, which failed. The State sent a proposed draft settlement agreement to Congress. It was amended and became the basis for the Maine Indian Claims Settlement Act of 1980 (PL 1979, c. 732). The federal act, PL 96-420, was signed by President Carter on October 10, 1980.

The 1980 legislation recognized the Passamaquoddy Tribe, the Penobscot Nation, and the Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians. The Aroostook Band of Micmacs was recognized in 1989.

The Maine Indian Claims Settlement is codified in 30 MRS §§6201-6214. This legislative history includes session laws affecting these statutes.



Browse by Session Law:  

Year LD Amendments Session Law MRS
Sections
Affected
Legislative Record
Debate & Remarks
Other Documents & News Clips Full LD
History
1980 LD 2037

An Act to Provide for Implementation of the Settlement of Claims by Indians in the State of Maine and to Create the Passamaquoddy Indian Territory and Penobscot Indian Territory

Enacted with
amendment:

S-536

PL 1979, c. 732

Enacted:
30 MRS §§6201-6214
House, April 2, 1980
p. 710-716

Senate, April 2, 1980
p. 717-722

Senate, April 2, 1980

p. 722-723

House, April 3, 1980
p. 725-727

Senate, April 3, 1980
p. 735-739
Other:  Maine Indian Claims Settlement Act of 1980. Pub. L. 96-420. 94 Stat. 1785.

Other:
  Report, Hearing Transcript and Related Memoranda of the Joint Select Committee on Indian Land Claims (Part 1)

Other:  Report, Hearing Transcript and Related Memoranda of the Joint Select Committee on Indian Land Claims (Part 2)

News Clips:  Please contact a Reference Librarian.
N/A
1982 LD 2076

An Act to Amend the Maine Implementing Act with Respect to the Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians


Enacted with
amendment:

S-463
PL 1981, c. 675

Enacted:
30 MRS §6203(2-A)
30 MRS §6205-A
30 MRS §6206-A
30 MRS §6208-A

Amended:
30 MRS §6208(2), (3)
House, April 7, 1982
p. 598-601

House, April 7, 1982
p. 604-605

Senate, April 7,  1982
p. 614-616

Senate, April 13, 1982
p. 632-633
Other:  Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians Supplementary Claims Settlement Act of 1986. Pub. L. 99-566. 100 Stat. 3184. N/A
1983 LD 192

An Act Relating to Training Penobscot Law Enforcement Officers



Enacted with
amendments:

S-186
S-211
PL 1983, c. 498

Amended:
30 MRS §6210(4)
No debate. Committee File:  Please contact a Reference Librarian. N/A
1983 LD 193

An Act Relating to Penobscot Nation Trust Land Designation

OTP-ND:
LD 1713
Enacted with
amendment:

S-189
PL 1983, c. 494

Amended:
30 MRS §6205(2)(B)
Senate, May 31, 1983
p. 1062
Committee File:  Please contact a Reference Librarian. N/A
1983 LD 1016

An Act to Establish New Selection Procedures for the Maine Indian Tribal-State Commission Chairmanship
Enacted with
amendments:

S-76
S-187

PL 1983, c. 492

Repealed and Replaced:
30 MRS §6212(2)
Senate, April 29, 1983
p. 691-692

House, May 10, 1983
p. 800
Committee File:  Please contact a Reference Librarian. N/A
1983 LD 1136

An Act to Extend the Time for Acquiring those Areas which have been Designated Potential Passamaquoddy Indian Territory and to Designate Certain other Areas as Potential Passamaquoddy Indian Territory

OTP-ND:
LD 1712
Enacted with
amendment:

S-188
PL 1983, c. 493

Amended:
30 MRS §6205(1)(B)
House, June 15, 1983
p. 1298-1299
Committee File:  Please contact a Reference Librarian.

News Clips:  Please contact a Reference Librarian.
N/A
1984 LD 1821

An Act Relating to Penobscot Nation Trust Land Designation
Enacted with
amendments:

H-498
H-523
PL 1983, c. 676

Amended:
30 MRS §6205(2)(B)
House, March 20, 1984
p. 297-298
N/A N/A
1984 LD 1822

An Act Relating to the Time of Penobscot Nation Trust Land Designation

OTP-ND:
LD 2163
N/A

PL 1983, c. 660

Amended:
30 MRS §6205(1)(B)
No debate. N/A N/A
1984 LD 2081

An Act to Establish Standards and a Policy for the Compensation of Members of Boards, Commissions and Similar Organizations

OTP-ND:
LD 2389
Enacted with
amendment:

S-385
PL 1983, c. 812, §§186, 187

Amended:
30 MRS §6212(1), (4)
Senate, April 6, 1984
p. 512

House, April 10, 1984
p. 585-587

Senate, April 10, 1984
p. 593-595

House, April 12, 1984
p. 647
N/A N/A
1985 LD 297

An Act Relating to the Time of Penobscot Nation Trust Land Acquisition
Enacted with
amendment:

S-23
PL 1985, c. 69

Amended:
30 MRS §6205(2)(B)
No debate. Committee File:  Please contact a Reference Librarian.

News Clips:  Please contact a Reference Librarian.
Yes
1985 LD 973

An Act to Clarify and Make Technical Changes in the Law Governing Boards and Commissions

OTP-ND:
LD 1560
N/A

PL 1985, c. 295, §§ 46, 47

Amended:
30 MRS §6212(1), (4)
No debate. Committee File:  Please contact a Reference Librarian. Yes
1986 LD 1680

An Act Relating to the Time of Passamaquoddy Tribe Trust Land Designation
Enacted with
amendments:

H-565
S-411
PL 1985, c. 637

Amended:
30 MRS §6205(1)(B)
Senate, March 12, 1986
p. 626-627
Committee File:  Please contact a Reference Librarian. Yes
1986 LD 1717

An Act Relating to the Passamaquoddy Indian Reservation
Enacted with
amendment:

S-500
PL 1985, c. 747

Amended:
30 MRS §6203(5)
30 MRS §6205(1)(B)
Senate, April 12, 1986
p. 1372
Committee File:  Please contact a Reference Librarian. Yes
1986 LD 1844

An Act to Extend the Trust Land Designation of the Penobscot Nation
Enacted with
amendments:

S-402
S-412
PL 1985, c. 639

Amended:
30 MRS §6205(2)(B)
Senate, March 12, 1986
p. 627

Senate, March 20, 1986
p. 813

House, March 27, 1986
p. 910
Committee File:  Please contact a Reference Librarian. Yes
1986 LD 2007

An Act to Amend the Maine Implementing Act with Respect to the Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians
Enacted with
amendment:

H-607
PL 1985, c. 672

Amended:
30 MRS §6208(2), (3)
Senate, April 1, 1986
p. 994

Senate, April 1, 1986
p. 1011
Committee File:  Please contact a Reference Librarian. Yes
1987 LD 488

AN Act to Extend the Trust Land Designation of the Penobscot Nation

OTP-ND:
LD 1511
Enacted with
amendment:

S-60
PL 1987, c. 153

Amended:
30 MRS §6205(1)(B)
30 MRS §6205(2)(B)
No debate. Committee File:  Please contact a Reference Librarian. Yes
1988 LD 2248

An Act Relating to the Penobscot Indian Reservation
Enacted with
amendment:

S-373
PL 1987, c. 712

Amended:
30 MRS §6203(8)
No debate. Committee File:  Please contact a Reference Librarian. Yes
1988 LD 2440

AN Act Concerning Tribal Courts
Enacted with
amendment:

S-482
PL 1987, c. 756

Amended:
30 MRS §6209(1)(A)
No debate. Committee File:  Please contact a Reference Librarian. Yes
1989 LD 885

An Act Concerning The Passamaquoddy Tribal Court
Enacted with amendment:

H-118
PL 1989, c. 169 Amended:
30 MRS 6209(1)(A)
No debate. Committee File:  Please contact a Reference Librarian. Yes
1991 LD 1843

An Act to Improve Implementation of the Maine Indian Claims Settlement Laws
Enacted with
amendment:

H-509
PL 1991, c. 484

Amended:
30 MRS §6209(2)
No debate. Committee File:  Please contact a Reference Librarian. Yes
1992 LD 2045

An Act Concerning Funding of Indian Schools under the Act to Implement the Maine Indian Claims Settlement
Enacted with
amendment:

H-1022
PL 1991, c. 705

Enacted:
30 MRS §6211(2-A)

Amended:
30 MRS §6211(2)
No debate. Committee File:  Please contact a Reference Librarian. Yes
1992 LD 2081

An Act Concerning Passamaquoddy Indian Territory
N/A

PL 1991, c. 720

Amended:
30 MRS §6205(1)(B)
No debate. Committee File:  Please contact a Reference Librarian.

News Clips:  Please contact a Reference Librarian.
Yes
1992 LD 2084

An Act Concerning Penobscot Nation Trust Land Designation
N/A

PL 1991, c. 721

Amended:
30 MRS §6205(2)(B)
No debate. Committee File:  Please contact a Reference Librarian.

News Clips:  Please contact a Reference Librarian.
Yes
1992 LD 2106

An Act Concerning Tribal Courts

Enacted with
amendments:

H-1065
S-622
PL 1991, c. 766

Amended:
30-A MRS §6209(1)(A)
Senate, March 12, 1992
p. S-286-S-287
Committee File:  Please contact a Reference Librarian. Yes
1994 LD 1851

An Act Related to Periodic Justification of Departments and Agencies of State Government Under the Maine Sunset Act
Enacted with
amendments:

H-801
H-817
S-506
PL 1993, c. 600, §A-24

Amended:
30 MRS §6212
Senate, March 25, 1994
p. S-1697-S-1698
N/A Yes
1994 LD 2010

An Act Relating to the Definition of Passamaquoddy Indian Territory
Enacted with
amendment:

H-1098

PL 1993, c. 713

Amended:
30 MRS §6205(1)
House, April 12, 1984
p. H-2201-H-2213

Senate, April 12, 1994
p. S-2006-S-2007
News Clips:  Please contact a Reference Librarian. Yes
1995 LD 1333

An Act to Clarify the Jurisdiction of the Passamaquoddy Tribal Court
Enacted with
amendment:

H-589
PL 1995, c. 388

Enacted:
30 MRS §6209-A
30 MRS §6209-B

Amended:
30 MRS §6210

Repealed:
30 MRS 6209
House, June 27, 1995
p. H-1368
Court Opinion:  Duro v. Reina, 495 U.S. 676 (1990)

Committee File:
  Please contact a Reference Librarian.


News Clips:  Please contact a Reference Librarian.
Yes
1996 LD 1787

An Act to Place Penobscot Land in Trust
Enacted with
amendment:

S-524
PL 1995, c. 601

Amended:
30 MRS §6205(2)(B)
Senate, March 25, 1996
p. S-1962

Senate, March 26, 1996
p. S-1977-S-1978
Committee File:  Please contact a Reference Librarian. Yes
1998 LD 1730

An Act to Implement the Recommendations of the Great Pond Task Force
Enacted with
amendments:

S-600
S-686
S-691
PL 1997, c. 739, §12

Enacted:
30 MRS §6207(3-A)
Senate, April 1, 1998
p. S-2221-S-2236

House, April 2, 1998
p. H-2139-H-2158

Senate, April 2, 1998
p. S-2261-S-2263

Senate, April 2, 1998
p. S-2265-S-2268

House, April 3, 1998
p. H-2197-H-2199
Committee File:  Please contact a Reference Librarian.

Report:  Final recommendations of the Great Pond Task Force (Feb. 25, 1997)

News Clips:  Please contact a Reference Librarian.
Yes
1998 LD 2001

An Act to Amend the Maine Indian Claims Settlement Act Regarding Education Funding
Enacted with
amendment:

H-918
PL 1997, c. 626

Amended:
30 MRS §6211(2)

Repealed:
30 MRS §6211(2-A)
No debate. Committee File:  Please contact a Reference Librarian. Yes
1998 LD 2036

An Act to Amend the Act to Implement the Maine Indian Claims Settlement
N/A

PL 1997, c. 595

Amended:
30 MRS §6209-B(1)(A)
No debate. Committee File:  Please contact a Reference Librarian. Yes
2000 LD 2499

An Act Concerning the Date by Which Land Must be Acquired by the Penobscot Nation
N/A

PL 1999, c. 625

Amended:
30 MRS §6205(2)(B)
No debate. Committee File:  Please contact a Reference Librarian.

Report:  Maine Indian Tribal-State Commission. A Report to Governors, Chiefs, and Tribal Legislative Representatives (Nov. 22, 2000)
Yes
2001 LD 1171

An Act to Authorize the Maine Indian Tribal-State Commission to Introduce Legislation and to Organize Assemblies of State and Tribal Leaders
Enacted with amendments:

H-284
H-311
PL 2001, c. 173 Amended:
30 MRS 6212(3)
No debate. Committee File:  Please contact a Reference Librarian. Yes
2001 LD 1658

An Act Regarding Passamaquoddy Land in Township 19, M.D.
N/A PL 2001, c. 251

Enacted:
30 MRS §6205(1)(D)

Amended:
30 MRS §6205(1)(B)
30 MRS §6205(1)(C)
No debate. Committee File:  Please contact a Reference Librarian. Yes
2005 LD 693

An Act to Increase Public Safety through the Enhancement of Law Enforcement for the Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians
Enacted with
amendment:

S-229
PL 2005, c. 310

Enacted:
30 MRS §6206-B
No debate. Committee File:  Please contact a Reference Librarian. Yes
2007 LD 73

An Act To Place Land in Centerville in Trust
Enacted with
amendment:

H-239
PL 2007, c. 221

Enacted:
30 MRS §6205(1)(D-1)

Amended:
30 MRS §6205(1)(C)
30 MRS §6205(1)(D)
No debate. Committee File:  Please contact a Reference Librarian. Yes
2007 LD 169

An Act To Place Land in Township 21 in Trust
Enacted with
amendment:

H-241
PL 2007, c. 223

Enacted:
30 MRS §6205(1)(E)

Amended:
30 MRS §6205(1)(C)
30 MRS §6205(1)(D)
No debate. Committee File:  Please contact a Reference Librarian. Yes
2007 LD 373

An Act To Change the Membership of the Maine Indian Tribal-State Commission To Add Seats for the Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians and the State
Enacted with
amendment:

S-77
PL 2007, c. 149

Amended:
30 MRS §6212(1), (2), (3)
No debate. Committee File:  Please contact a Reference Librarian.

Report:  Report of the Tribal-State Work Group to Study Issues Associated with the Maine Implementing Act: Created by Executive Order 19 FY 06/07 (Dec. 6, 2006)
Yes
2008 LD 2221

An Act To Implement the Recommendations of the Tribal-State Work Group
Enacted with amendment:

H-1043
PL 2007, c. 697 Enacted:
30 MRS 6203(2-B)
30 MRS 6205(2-A)
30 MRS 6205(6)
30 MRS 6208(2-A)
30 MRS 6209-C

Amended:
30 MRS 6202
30 MRS 6206
30 MRS 6206-B
30 MRS 6207
30 MRS 6210
30 MRS 6211
30 MRS 6212(1)-(3)
30 MRS 6214

Repealed:
30 MRS 6206-A
No debate. Executive Order:  19 FY 06/07

Committee File:
  Please contact a Reference Librarian.


Report:  Final Report of the Tribal-State Work Group Created by Res. 2007, c. 142, 123rd Maine State Legislature, Resolve, to Continue the Tribal-State Work Group (Jan. 2008)

Report:  A Summary of the Activities of the Maine Indian Tribal-State Commission July 1, 2007 - June 30, 2008 (Oct. 2008)

News Clips:  Please contact a Reference Librarian.
Yes
2009 LD 793

An Act To Improve Juvenile Correctional Services
Enacted with
amendment:

H-80
PL 2009, c. 93

Amended:
30 MRS §6209-A(1)(B)
No debate. Committee File:  Please contact a Reference Librarian. Yes
2009 LD 1377

An Act To Amend the 1980 Maine Implementing Act To Authorize the Establishment of a Tribal Court for the Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians and Related Matters
Enacted with
amendment:

H-561
PL 2009, c. 384

Enacted:
30 MRS §6208(2-A)
30 MRS §6209-C
30 MRS §6209-C(1-A)
30 MRS §6209-D

Amended:
30 MRS §6209-A(1)
30 MRS §6211
30 MRS §6212(1), (2), (3)

Repealed:
30 MRS 6206-B(6)
No debate. Committee File:  Please contact a Reference Librarian. Yes
2010 LD 445

An Act to Improve Tribal-State Relations
Enacted with
amendment:

H-714
PL 2009, c. 636

Amended:
30 MRS §6203(8)
30 MRS §6212(6)
No debate. Committee File:  Please contact a Reference Librarian.

Report:  A Summary of the Activities of the Maine Indian Tribal-State Commission July 1, 2009 - June 30, 2012 (July 2013)

News Clips:  Please contact a Reference Librarian.
Yes
2013 LD 64

An Act To Place Land in Centerville in Trust for the Passamaquoddy Tribe
N/A

PL 2013, c. 91

Enacted:
30 MRS §6205(1)(D-2)

Amended:
30 MRS §6205(1)(D-1)
No debate. Committee File:  Please contact a Reference Librarian.

Report:
  A Summary of the Activities of the Maine Indian Tribal-State Commission (July 1, 2012 – June 30, 2013) (Feb. 2014)
Yes
2013 LD 394

An Act To Add Members of the Aroostook Band of Micmacs to the Maine Indian Tribal-State Commission and Add Corresponding Members for the State
N/A

PL 2013, c. 81

Enacted:
30 MRS §6212(6)(D)

Amended:
30 MRS §6212(1), (2), (3)
30 MRS §6212(6)(B), (C)
No debate. Committee File:  Please contact a Reference Librarian.

Report:
  A Summary of the Activities of the Maine Indian Tribal-State Commission (July 1, 2012 – June 30, 2013) (Feb. 2014)
Yes