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2016 Job Vacancy Survey

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Vacancies by Occupation

In 2016, job vacancies occurred in 22 major occupational groups, ranging from a high of 4,002 openings in food preparation and serving related occupations to a low of 14 openings in legal occupations.

Five occupational groups with the largest numbers of job openings accounted for more than 50 percent of vacancies; the remaining 50 percent of unfilled openings were distributed across 17 occupational groups.

Major Group
Vacancies
Median Hourly Wage
Full-Time Positions
Seasonal or Temporary Positions
Requiring Education Beyond High School**
Requiring Previous Experience**
Difficult to Fill***
All Occupations 30,860 $17.01 64% 12% 23% 49% 75%
Food Prep. & Serving Related 4,002 $9.90 44% 17% 1% 40% 77%
Office & Admin Support 3,867 $15.82 64% 12% 10% 41% 51%
Sales & Related 3,737 $12.15 38% 20% 2% 24% 59%
Personal Care & Service 3,200 $10.92 58% 2% 11% 16% 93%
Healthcare Practitioner & Technical 3,134 $29.42 68% 1% 66% 48% 73%
Transportation & Mat. Moving 2,893 $14.76 83% 26% 5% 53% 83%
Healthcare Support 2,505 $13.45 58% 0% 43% 27% 82%
Production 1,464 $16.83 85% 16% 5% 38% 82%
Construction & Extraction 1,242 $18.73 100% 8% 16% 71% 96%
Bldg. & Grounds Cleaning & Maint. 1,046 $12.79 46% 22% 1% 16% 77%
Install., Maint. & Repair 912 $20.13 95% 6% 36% 81% 78%
Management 532 $38.71 89% 1% 63% 94% 72%
Community & Soc. Services 477 $20.33 77% 6% 55% 46% 80%
Ed., Training & Library 429 $21.49 74% 9% 65% 96% 84%
Business & Financial Operations 412 $28.05 93% 2% 74% 92% 38%
Computer & Mathematical 356 $32.89 95% 0% 66% 89% 76%
Arch. & Engineering  238 $33.26 100% 50% 88% 100% 46%
Protective Service 203 $17.03 87% 38% 0% 19% 93%
Arts, Design, Ent., Sports & Media 122 $15.79 79% 7% 38% 93% 58%
Farm., Fish. & Forestry 40 $16.39
Life, Phys. & Social Science 35 $26.48 83% 4% 100% 100% 66%
Legal 14 $28.63

Relative Demand for Workers by Median Wages

This chart shows occupational groups plotted by relative demand for workers and median wage. The location of occupational group by quadrant indicates (clockwise from upper left): higher wages, lower demand; higher wages, higher demand; lower wages, higher demand; and lower wages, lower demand; compared to the average for all industries. The size of each sector's bubble reflects the number of job vacancies.

For help interpreting this chart, see Evaluating Relative Demand.

Occupational Groups with Highest Demand for Workers

Occupational groups with above-average demand for workers were: personal care and service, healthcare support, healthcare practitioners and technical, transportation and material moving, food preparation and serving, and sales and related occupations. Four of these six groups had above-average rates of openings that were difficult to fill.

25 Occupations with the Most Numerous Job Openings

While there were 362 individual occupations with at least one reported job openings, four occupations accounted for one-quarter of all job vacancies: personal care aides, cashiers, customer service representatives and nursing assistants. The top 25 occupations ranked by number of openings totaled 18,533 and accounted for 60 percent of all vacancies. Four out of five of the 18,533 were in occupations in which the median wage was below $17.01, the median wage for all occupations in 2016. The following table lists the top 25 occupations in descending order.

Occupation Title
Vacancies
Median Hourly Wage
(2015 OES)
Full Time Positions
Seasonal/Temporary Positions
Difficult to Fill
Personal Care Aides 2,614 $10.77 57% 0% 99%
Cashiers 1,906 $9.54 12% 37% 46%
Customer Service Representatives 1,748 $15.55 75% 19% 46%
Nursing Assistants 1,654 $12.42 64% 1% 89%
Registered Nurses 1,459 $29.76 66% 1% 80%
Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers 1,105 $18.09 91% 44% 94%
Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 888 $8.98 40% 17% 92%
Retail Salespersons 732 $11.23 40% 1% 76%
Waiters and Waitresses 674 $9.38 38% 19% 63%
Food Preparation Workers 592 $10.72 33% 5% 71%
Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 563 $12.30 92% 28% 92%
Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 548 $10.17 38% 26% 86%
Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 511 $22.65 78% 0% 94%
Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 396 $12.89 48% 15% 64%
Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 342 $11.69 40% 3% 77%
Cooks, Restaurant 335 $12.18 58% 1% 90%
Medical Assistants 330 $15.62 74% 1% 45%
Cooks, Fast Food 308 $9.73 61% 31% 84%
Dishwashers 286 $9.72 29% 5% 90%
Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 279 $8.98 59% 49% 61%
Psychiatric Aides 279 $13.28 19% 0% 92%
Light Truck or Delivery Services Drivers 268 $13.51 90% 31% 64%
Social and Human Service Assistants 245 $15.96 73% 11% 85%
Driver/Sales Workers 236 $13.67 63% 0% 61%
Office Clerks, General 235 $14.66 33% 4% 77%

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