Laws

School Security has many associated State and federal laws, rules and guidelines related to individual schools and school administrative units. This information is beneficial to school superintendents, administrators and school boards.

State Laws

State Rules

Federal Laws & Guidelines

Student privacy during an emergency.  Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) generally requires schools to ask for written consent before disclosing a student’s personally identifiable information to individuals other than his or her parents, it also allows schools to take key steps to maintain school safety.  According to U.S. Department of Education, “In an emergency, FERPA permits school officials to disclose without consent education records, including personally identifiable information from those records, to protect the health or safety of students or other individuals.  At such times, records and information may be released to appropriate parties such as law enforcement officials, public health officials, and trained medical personnel.  See 34 CFR § 99.31(a)(10) and § 99.36.  This exception is limited to the period of the emergency and generally does not allow for a blanket release of personally identifiable information from a student's education records.” 

According to the U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) report, “There are no federal laws requiring all school districts to have emergency management plans, most states and school reported having requirements for such planning, and federal and state governments and school districts provide financial and other resources.”