Injuries and illness are common occurrences in the school aged population. Increasing enrollments of students with disabilities increases the possibility of true medical emergencies in schools. The school has responsibility for the safety and well-being of students and personnel during the hours of school attendance, on school property, or during school sponsored activities. Therefore, local school district policies should address:
- Preventive measures to limit the occurrence of injury
- Policies to define what action will be taken in the event a serious injury, other emergency, or crisis
- Facilities and supplies to accommodate students with special needs, illness or injury
Opioid Overdose Reversal
As directed by the 130th Maine legislature the Department provides these guidelines and resources for schools who choose to stock emergency medication for a suspected opioid overdose on school grounds.
- Sample Naloxone Policy (docx)
- Nasal Spray Naloxone Administration Protocol
- Sample Collaborative Practice Agreement [Includes both Naloxone and Epinephrine] (PDF) (Word)
- Training from the American Heart Association
- Other Resources :
- National Harm Reduction Coalition - Harm Reduction Truth
- Resources from Readiness and Emergency Management for Schools (REMS): Preparing for Opioid-Related Emergencies for K-12 Schools and Institutions of Higher Education
- Training Guide, Opioid Overdose Basics
- American Red Cross Opioid and Narcotics Overdose Signs and Symptoms
Policies/procedures for a school AED should include:
- Location of AED(s) and related equipment
- Designation of who is responsible for AED program and identification of medical director
- Process, schedule and checklist for inspecting and maintaining equipment and supplies
- Process of communication when AED is used
- Record keeping when AED is used
- Initial and periodic refresher training of staff
Emergency Action Planning Program Anyone Can Save A Life is a first-of-its-kind emergency action program for after-school practices and events. It is designed to save lives from emergencies, including sudden cardiac arrest (SCA), a leading cause of death among adults and student athletes nationwide.
Emergency Guidelines for Schools Manual was created by Maine EMS and is meant to provide recommended procedures for school staff who have no medical/nursing training to use when the school nurse is not available. It is recommended that staff who are in a position to provide first-aid to students complete an approved first-aid and CPR course. A one page Recommended Procedures for Emergency Care is also available.
Heat Index and Wind Chill Childcare chart from the Iowa Department of Public Health offers some guidance on temperature extremes.
Training available from Federal Emergency Management Agency