Wood Harvesting, Heavy Equipment, Commercial Driving (03.0511)

Standards and Competencies

Industry Organization Standard: Certified Logging Professional (CLP)


Note:   To be certified, CLP candidates must pass an inspection at their work site.  Evaluators interview each participant, observe their work practices, and then determine whether the logger adheres to the principles presented in class.  The evaluators recommend either certification or non-certification to the CLP Board of Directors, which makes the final decision.  

Framework, Duties and Tasks:

  1. Introduction to Certified Logging Professional (CLP)
    1. Describes the history of CLP
    2. Describes the certification and recertification process for CLP.
    3. Lists the benefits CLP programs and certifications offer.
  2. Professional Code of Ethics
    1. Lists the CLP code of ethics
  3. Safe and Efficient Harvesting
    1. Lists appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE).
    2. Defines Sustainable Forestry.
    3. Describes the public’s perception of how logging affects forestry issues.
    4. Defines ergonomics.
    5. Describes the three components of the Success Triangle.
    6. Describes the relation between communication and completion of a set task.
  4. First Aid and CPR
    1. Describes the contents of a First Aid kit that meets OSHA standards.
    2. Lists the materials necessary for a biohazard kit.
    3. Defines blood stopper procedures if a kit is not immediately available.
    4. Describes elements of an evacuation plan.
    5. Maintains a list of contacts for outside communications.
    6. Demonstrates steps to CPR.
  5. Hazardous Material Training
  6. Defines and/or describes the following with regard to wood harvesting:
    1. Chainsaw: Chain brake
    2. Chainsaw: Throttle lock
    3. Chainsaw: Chain catcher
    4. Chainsaw: Spark arrester
    5. Chainsaw: Handles and guards
    6. Chainsaw: Bar condition
    7. Chainsaw: Rim sprocket condition
    8. Chainsaw: Chain tension
    9. Chainsaw: Proper tuning
    10. Chainsaw: Proper starting technique
    11. Chain Filing Technique: Depth gauge
    12. Chain Filing Technique: Working corner
    13. Chain Filing Technique: Side plate
    14. Chain Filing Technique: Top plate
    15. Chain Filing Technique: Chisel angle
    16. Chain Filing Technique: Filing consistency
    17. Chain Filing Technique: Depth tool gauge use
    18. Chain Filing Technique: File guide use
    19. Equipment: Radio communications
    20. Equipment: Operator’s manual
    21. Equipment: Two exits
    22. Equipment: Three point contact
    23. Equipment: Fire extinguisher
    24. Equipment: Fire suppression
    25. Equipment: Operator protection
    26. Equipment: Steps/handholds
    • Equipment: Seatbelt
    • Equipment: Service brake
    • Equipment: Secondary brake
    • Equipment: Exhaust system
    • Tire chain tension
    • Equipment: Back-up alarm
    • Equipment: Horn
    • Equipment: Fluid leaks
    • Equipment: Cleanliness
    • Equipment: Saw transport
    • Equipment: Gasoline transport
    • Equipment: Cable and knot
    • Equipment: Chokers
  1. Defines and/or describes the following with regard to Jobsite Conformance:
    1. Hazards: Hung trees
    2. Hazards: Set back trees
    3. Hazards: Deadwood
    4. Hazards: LO/TO
    5. Hazards: Two tree length rule
    6. Hazards: Overlapping work zones
    7. Operation: Harvest notification
    8. Operation: Slash laws observed
    9. Operation: Property lines respected
    10. Operation: Hydraulics grounded
    11. Operation: Products meet specs
    12. Operation: Three point contact
    13. Operation: Utilization
    14. Operation: Hazardous material (handling, label, storage, MSDS)
    15. Felling: Notch
    16. Felling: Bypass
    17. Felling: Back cup
    18. Felling: Hinge
    19. Felling: Fiber pull
    20. Felling: Directional felling
    21. Felling: Wedges
    22. Felling lever
    23. Felling: Bore cut
  2. Describes Best Management Practices
    1. Haul Roads/Skid Trails: Minimal rutting and soil disturbance
    2. Haul Roads/Skid Trails: Water bars/turnouts
    3. Haul Roads/Skid Trails: Culverts – adequate #; maintained; bottomless
    4. Landing Sites: Located out of SMZ
    5. Landing Sites: Soil movement contained in landings
    6. Landing Sites: Evidence of fuel/oil/fluid leaks and spills
    7. Landing Sites: Spill kits available
    8. Landing Sites: Trash and containers manage with no litter
    9. Harvest Areas: Minimal rutting and soil disturbance
    10. Harvest Areas: Minimal residual stand damage
    11. Harvest Areas: Property lines respected
    12. Harvest Areas: Maximized product utilization
    13. Water Crossings: Appropriate size
    14. Water Crossings: Effective SMZ width
    15. Water Crossings: Minimal ground disturbances in SMZ
    16. Water Crossings: Tops and debris out of water/stream
  3. The Business of Logging
    1. Describes formal hiring practices: Application; Reference checks; New employee orientation
    2. Describes a written safety program that includes company policies: Work rules; Disciplinary policy; Safety incentive program; Policies when working around; Crew members not in a cab; Equipment in overlapping work zone; Standing deadwood
    3. Describes training for employees:  CLP; Haz-Mat; Hearing conservation; Safety meetings; Other industry; Lockout/Tagout; Retraining when an unsafe act occurs; First Aid; Proper use of PPE; Documentation
    4. Lists the components of an inspection program: Jobsite Safety; PPE; Separation of Operation; Garage’ First Aid; Equipment compliance; Service vehicle; Chainsaws/filing technique; Documentation
    5. Compares fixed costs to variable costs.
    6. Define cost per ton.
    7. List tax deductible logging business expenses.
    8. Describe workers’ compensation.
  4. Forest Management and Silviculture
    1. Describe the components of a management plan.
    2. List the sources of information needed to plan a harvest.
    3. Describe Maine’s Forest Practices Act (FPA).
    4. Describe property/boundary line rules and practices in harvesting.
  5. Conserving Fish and Wildlife
    1. List food sources for wildlife.
    2. Define “edge” and mature forests.
    3. Define vernal pools.
    4. Describe erosion control practices pertaining to logging.
  6. Water Quality and Logging
  7. Controlled Yarding
  8. Transportation Safety
    1. List steps for communicating site location when traveling on logging roads.
    2. Define safety procedures for transportation of loaded trucks.
  9. Directional Felling
    1. List the five points of information a logger should consider before felling a tree.
    2. Define notch; bore cut; and wing cut.
  10. Mechanical Harvesting Equipment Safety
    1. List procedures for properly maintaining equipment.
    2. List procedures for employee safety.
  11. Harvest Planning and Environmental Regulations
    1. Define setback zones.
    2. Describe permits and notifications needed for certain logging operation procedures.