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MEDAL OF HONOR RECIPIENTS
CITATIONS

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

Ames, Adelbert

Rank & Organization:  First Lieutenant, 5th U.S. Artillery
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   remained upon the field in command of a section of Griffin's Battery, directing its fire after being severely wounded and refusing to leave the field until too weak to sit upon the caisson where he had been placed by men of his command.

Angling, John

Rank & Organization:  Cabin Boy, U.S. Navy
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   Served on board the USS Pontoosuc during the capture of Fort Fisher and Wilmington, 24 December 1864 to 22 January 1865. Carrying out his duties faithfully during this period, C.B. Angling was recommended for gallantry and skill and for his cool courage while under the fire of the enemy throughout these various actions.

Bailey, James E.

Rank & Organization:  Sergeant, Company E, 5th U.S. Cavalry
Conflict:  Indian Wars

Citation:   Gallant conduct during campaigns and engagements with Apaches.

Belcher, Thomas

Rank & Organization:  Private, Company I, 9th Maine Infantry
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   Took a guidon from the hands of the bearer, mortally wounded, and advanced with it nearer to the battery than any other man.

Bibber, Charles J.

Rank & Organization:  Gunner's Mate, U.S. Navy
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   Bibber served on board the USS Agawam, as one of a volunteer crew of a powder boat which was exploded near Fort Fisher 23 Dec 1864. The powder boat, towed in by the Wilderness to prevent detection by the enemy, cast off and slowly steamed to within 300 yards of the beach. After fuses and fires had been lit and a second anchor with short scope let go to assure the boat's tailing inshore, the crew again boarded the Wilderness and proceeded a distance of 12 miles from shore. Less than 2 hours later the explosion took place, and the following day fires were observed still burning at the forts.

Bickford, John F.

Rank & Organization:  Captain of the Top, U.S. Navy
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   Served on board the USS Kearsarge when she destroyed the Alabama off Cherbourg, France, 19 June 1864. Acting as the first loader of the pivot gun during this bitter engagement Bickford exhibited marked coolness and good conduct and was highly recommended for his gallantry under fire by his divisional officer.

Blair, Robert M.

Rank & Organization:  Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   Served on board the U.S.S. Pontoosuc during the capture of Fort Fisher and Wilmington, 24 December 1864 to 22 January 1865. Carrying out his duties faithfully throughout this period, Blair was recommended for gallantry and skill and for his cool courage while under the fire of the enemy throughout these actions.

Boody, Robert

Rank & Organization:  Sergeant, Company B, 40th New York Infantry
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   This soldier, at Williamsburg, Va., then a corporal, at great personal risk, voluntarily saved the lives of and brought from the battlefield 2 wounded comrades. A year later, at Chancellorsville, voluntarily, and at great personal risk, brought from the field of battle and saved the life of Capt. George B. Carse, Company C, 40th New York Volunteer Infantry.

Bowman, Alonzo

Rank & Organization:  Sergeant, Company D, 6th U.S. Cavalry
Conflict:  Indian Wars

Citation:   Conspicuous and extraordinary bravery in attacking mutinous scouts.

Bowman, Edward R.

Rank & Organization:  Quartermaster, U.S. Navy
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   On board the USS Ticonderoga during attacks on Fort Fisher 13 to 15 January 1865. Despite severe wounds sustained during the action Bowman displayed outstanding courage in the performance of duty as his ship maintained its well-placed fire upon the batteries on shore, and thereafter, as she materially lessened the power of guns on the mound which had been turned upon our assaulting columns. During this battle the flag was planted on one of the strongest fortifications possessed by the rebels.

Brett, Lloyd M.

Rank & Organization:  Second Lieutenant, 2d U.S. Cavalry
Conflict:  Indian Wars

Citation:   Fearless exposure and dashing bravery in cutting off the Indians' pony herd, thereby greatly crippling the hostiles.

Buker, Brian L.

Rank & Organization:  Sergeant, U.S. Army, Detachment B-55, 5th Special Forces Group, 1st Special Forces
Conflict:  Vietnam

Citation:   For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of life above and beyond the call of duty. Sgt. Buker, Detachment B-55, distinguished himself while serving as a platoon adviser of a Vietnamese mobile strike force company during an offensive mission. Sgt. Buker personally led the platoon, cleared a strategically located well-guarded pass, and established the first foothold at the top of what had been an impenetrable mountain fortress. When the platoon came under the intense fire from a determined enemy located in 2 heavily fortified bunkers, and realizing that withdrawal would result in heavy casualties, Sgt. Buker unhesitatingly, and with complete disregard for his personal safety, charged through the hail of enemy fire and destroyed the first bunker with hand grenades. While reorganizing his men for the attack on the second bunker, Sgt. Buker was seriously wounded. Despite his wounds and the deadly enemy fire, he crawled forward and destroyed the second bunker. Sgt. Buker refused medical attention and was reorganizing his men to continue the attack when he was mortally wounded. As a direct result of his heroic actions, many casualties were averted, and the assault of the enemy position was successful. Sgt. Buker's extraordinary heroism at the cost of his life are in the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit on him, his unit, and the U.S. Army.

Carter, Robert G.

Rank & Organization:  Second Lieutenant, 4th U.S. Cavalry
Conflict:  Indian Wars

Citation:   Held the left of the line with a few men during the charge of a large body of Indians, after the right of the line had retreated, and by delivering a rapid fire succeeded in checking the enemy until other troops came to the rescue.

Chamberlain, Joshua L.

Rank & Organization:  Colonel, 20th Maine Infantry
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   Daring heroism and great tenacity in holding his position on the Little Round Top against repeated assaults, and carrying the advance position on the Great Round Top.

Champagne, David B.

Rank & Organization:  Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, Company A 1st Battalion, 7th Marines, 1st Marine Division (Rein.)
Conflict:  Korean War

Citation:   For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as a fire team leader of Company A, in action against enemy aggressor forces. Advancing with his platoon in the initial assault of the company against a strongly fortified and heavily defended hill position, Cpl. Champagne skillfully led his fire team through a veritable hail of intense enemy machinegun, small-arms, and grenade fire, overrunning trenches and a series of almost impregnable bunker positions before reaching the crest of the hill and placing his men in defensive positions. Suffering a painful leg wound while assisting in repelling the ensuing hostile counterattack, which was launched under cover of a murderous hail of mortar and artillery fire, he steadfastly refused evacuation and fearlessly continued to control his fire team When the enemy counterattack increased in intensity, and a hostile grenade landed in the midst of the fire team, Cpl. Champagne unhesitatingly seized the deadly missile and hurled it in the direction of the approaching enemy. As the grenade left his hand, it exploded blowing off his hand and throwing him out of the trench. Mortally wounded by enemy mortar fire while in this exposed position, Cpl. Champagne, by his valiant leadership, fortitude, and gallant spirit of self-sacrifice in the face of almost certain death, undoubtedly saved the lives of several of his fellow marines. His heroic actions served to inspire all who observed him and reflect the highest credit upon himself and the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.

Chapman, John

real name
Charles F. Kaufman

Rank & Organization:  Private, Company B, 1st Maine Heavy Artillery
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   Capture of flag.

Chase, John F.

Rank & Organization:  Private, 5th Battery, Maine Light Artillery
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   Nearly all the officers and men of the battery having been killed or wounded, this soldier with a comrade continued to fire his gun after the guns had ceased. The piece was then dragged off by the two, the horses having been shot, and its capture by the enemy was prevented.

Clark, Charles A.

Rank & Organization:  Lieutenant and Adjutant, 6th Maine Infantry
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   Having voluntarily taken command of his regiment in the absence of its commander, at great personal risk and with remarkable presence of mind and fertility of resource led the command down an exceedingly precipitous embankment to the Rappahannock River and by his gallantry, coolness, and good judgment in the face of the enemy saved the command from capture or destruction.

Condon, Clarence M.

Rank & Organization:  Sergeant, Battery G, 3d U.S. Artillery
Conflict:  Philippine Insurrection

Citation:   While in command of a detachment of 4 men, charged and routed 40 entrenched insurgents, inflicting on them heavy loss.

Dahlgren, Edward C.

Rank & Organization:  Second Lieutenant (then Sergeant), U.S. Army, Company E, 142d Infantry, 36th Infantry Division
Conflict:  World War II

Citation:   He led the 3d Platoon to the rescue of a similar unit which had been surrounded in an enemy counterattack at Oberhoffen, France. As he advanced along a street, he observed several Germans crossing a field about 100 yards away. Running into a barn, he took up a position in a window and swept the hostile troops with submachine gun fire, killing 6, wounding others, and completely disorganizing the group. His platoon then moved forward through intermittent sniper fire and made contact with the besieged Americans. When the 2 platoons had been reorganized, Sgt. Dahlgren continued to advance along the street until he drew fire from an enemy-held house. In the face of machine pistol and rifle fire, he ran toward the building, hurled a grenade through the door, and blasted his way inside with his gun. This aggressive attack so rattled the Germans that all 8 men who held the strongpoint immediately surrendered. As Sgt. Dahlgren started toward the next house, hostile machinegun fire drove him to cover. He secured rifle grenades, stepped to an exposed position, and calmly launched his missiles from a difficult angle until he had destroyed the machinegun and killed its 2 operators. He moved to the rear of the house and suddenly came under the fire of a machinegun emplaced in a barn. Throwing a grenade into the structure, he rushed the position, firing his weapon as he ran; within, he overwhelmed 5 Germans. After reorganizing his unit he advanced to clear hostile riflemen from the building where he had destroyed the machinegun. He entered the house by a window and trapped the Germans in the cellar, where he tossed grenades into their midst, wounding several and forcing 10 more to surrender. While reconnoitering another street with a comrade, he heard German voices in a house. An attack with rifle grenades drove the hostile troops to the cellar. Sgt. Dahlgren entered the building, kicked open the cellar door, and, firing several bursts down the stairway, called for the trapped enemy to surrender. Sixteen soldiers filed out with their hands in the air. The bold leadership and magnificent courage displayed by Sgt. Dahlgren in his heroic attacks were in a large measure responsible for repulsing an enemy counterattack and saving an American platoon from great danger.

Davis, Samuel W.

Rank & Organization:  Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   On board the USS Brooklyn during successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, on 5 August 1864. Despite severe damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks from stem to stern, Davis exercised extreme courage and vigilance while acting as a look-out for torpedoes and other obstructions throughout the furious battle which resulted in the surrender of the prize rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.

Doherty, Thomas M.

Rank & Organization:  Corporal, Company H, 21st U.S. Infantry
Conflict:  War with Spain

Citation:   Gallantly assisted in the rescue of the wounded from in front of the lines and while under heavy fire from the enemy.

Duncan, Adam

Rank & Organization:  Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   As captain of a gun on board the USS Richmond during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Despite damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks, Duncan fought his gun with skill and courage throughout the prolonged battle which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the successful attacks carried out on Fort Morgan.

Dunn, William

Rank & Organization:  Quartermaster, U.S. Navy
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   On board the USS Monadnock in action during several attacks on Fort Fisher, 24 and 25 Dec 1864; and 13, 14, and 15 Jan 1865. With his ship anchored well inshore to insure perfect range against the severe fire of rebel guns, Dunn continued his duties when the vessel was at anchor, as her propellers were kept in motion to make her turrets bear, and the shooting away of her chain might have caused her to ground. Disdainful of shelter despite severe weather conditions, he inspired his shipmates and contributed to the success of his vessel in reducing the enemy guns to silence.

Estes, Lewellyn G.

Rank & Organization:  Captain and Assistant Adjutant General, Volunteers
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   Voluntarily led troops in a charge over a burning bridge.

Farley, William

Rank & Organization:  Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   Served on board the USS Marblehead off Legareville, Stono River, 25 Dec 1863, during an engagement with the enemy on John's Island. Behaving in a gallant manner, Farley animated his men and kept up a rapid and effective fire on the enemy throughout the engagement which resulted in the enemy's abandonment of his positions, leaving a caisson and 1 gun behind.

Fernald, Albert E.

Rank & Organization:  First Lieutenant, Company F, 20th Maine Infantry
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   During a rush at the enemy, Lt. Fernald seized, during a scuffle, the flag of the 9th Virginia Inf (CSA).

Foss, Herbert Louis

Rank & Organization:  Seaman, U.S. Navy
Conflict:  War with Spain

Citation:   On board the USS Marblehead during the operation of cutting the cable leading from Cienfuegos, Cuba, 11 May 1898. Facing the heavy fire of the enemy, Foss set an example of extraordinary bravery and coolness throughout this action.

Fournier, William G.

Rank & Organization:  Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company M, 35th Infantry, 25th Infantry Division
Conflict:  World War II

Citation:   For gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty. As leader of a machinegun section charged with the protection of other battalion units, his group was attacked by a superior number of Japanese, his gunner killed, his assistant gunner wounded, and an adjoining guncrew put out of action. Ordered to withdraw from this hazardous position, Sgt. Fournier refused to retire but rushed forward to the idle gun and, with the aid of another soldier who joined him, held up the machinegun by the tripod to increase its field action. They opened fire and inflicted heavy casualties upon the enemy. While so engaged both these gallant soldiers were killed, but their sturdy defensive was a decisive factor in the following success of the attacking battalion.

Frisbee, John B.

Rank & Organization:  Gunner's Mate, U.S. Navy
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   Served on board the US Steam Gunboat Pinola during action against Forts Jackson and St. Philip, and during the taking of New Orleans, 24 Apr 1862. While engaged in the bombardment of Fort St. Philip, Frisbee, acting courageously and without personal regard, closed the powder magazine which had been set afire by enemy shelling and shut off his avenue of escape, thereby setting a high example of bravery. He served courageously throughout these engagements which resulted in the taking of the Forts Jackson and St. Philip and in the surrender of New Orleans.

Gidding, Charles

Rank & Organization:  Seaman, U.S. Navy
Conflict:  Interim 1871-1898

Citation:   Serving on board the USS Plymouth, Gidding showed heroic conduct in trying to save the life of one of the crew of that ship, who had fallen overboard from aloft at the Navy Yard, New York, 26 July 1876.

Goodblood, Clair

Rank & Organization:  Corporal, U.S. Army, Company D, 7th Infantry Regiment
Conflict:  Korean War

Citation:   Cpl. Goodblood, a member of Company D, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty in action against an armed enemy of the United Nations. Cpl. Goodblood, a machine gunner, was attached to Company B in defensive positions on thickly wooded key terrain under attack by a ruthless foe. In bitter fighting which ensued, the numerically superior enemy infiltrated the perimeter, rendering the friendly positions untenable. Upon order to move back, Cpl. Goodblood voluntarily remained to cover the withdrawal and, constantly vulnerable to heavy fire, inflicted withering destruction on the assaulting force. Seeing a grenade lobbed at his position, he shoved his assistant to the ground and flinging himself upon the soldier attempted to shield him. Despite his valorous act both men were wounded. Rejecting aid for himself, he ordered the ammunition bearer to evacuate the injured man for medical treatment. He fearlessly maintained his l-man defense, sweeping the onrushing assailants with fire until an enemy banzai charge carried the hill and silenced his gun. When friendly elements regained the commanding ground, Cpl. Goodblood's body was found lying beside his gun and approximately 100 hostile dead lay in the wake of his field of fire. Through his unflinching courage and willing self-sacrifice the onslaught was retarded, enabling his unit to withdraw, regroup, and resecure the strongpoint. Cpl. Goodblood's inspirational conduct and devotion to duty reflect lasting glory on himself and are in keeping with the noble traditions of the military service.

Gordon, Gary I.

Rank & Organization:  Master Sergeant, U.S. Army
Conflict:  Somalia

Citation:   Master Sergeant Gordon, United States Army, distinguished himself by actions above and beyond the call of duty on 3 October 1993, while serving as Sniper Team Leader, United States Army Special Operations Command with Task Force Ranger in Mogadishu, Somalia. Master Sergeant Gordon's sniper team provided precision fires from the lead helicopter during an assault and at two helicopter crash sites, while subjected to intense automatic weapons and rocket propelled grenade fires. When Master Sergeant Gordon learned that ground forces were not immediately available to secure the second crash site, he and another sniper unhesitatingly volunteered to be inserted to protect the four critically wounded personnel, despite being well aware of the growing number of enemy personnel closing in on the site. After his third request to be inserted, Master Sergeant Gordon received permission to perform his volunteer mission. When debris and enemy ground fires at the site caused them to abort the first attempt, Master Sergeant Gordon was inserted one hundred meters south of the crash site. Equipped with only his sniper rifle and a pistol, Master Sergeant Gordon and his fellow sniper, while under intense small arms fire from the enemy, fought their way through a dense maze of shanties and shacks to reach the critically injured crew members. Master Sergeant Gordon immediately pulled the pilot and the other crew members from the aircraft, establishing a perimeter which placed him and his fellow sniper in the most vulnerable position. Master Sergeant Gordon used his long range rifle and side arm to kill an undetermined number of attackers until he depleted his ammunition. Master Sergeant Gordon then went back to the wreckage, recovering some of the crew's weapons and ammunition. Despite the fact that he was critically low on ammunition, he provided some of it to the dazed pilot and then radioed for help. Master Sergeant Gordon continued to travel the perimeter, protecting the downed crew. After his team member was fatally wounded and his own rifle ammunition exhausted, Master Sergeant Gordon returned to the wreckage, recovering a rifle with the last five rounds of ammunition and gave it to the pilot with the words, "good luck." Then, armed only with his pistol, Master Sergeant Gordon continued to fight until he was fatally wounded. His actions saved the pilot's life. Master Sergeant Gordon's extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest standards of military service and reflect great credit upon, his unit and the United States Army.

Hanna, Marcus A.

Rank & Organization:  Sergeant, Company B, 50th Massachusetts Infantry
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   Voluntarily exposed himself to a heavy fire to get water for comrades in rifle pits.

Hanscom, Moses C.

Rank & Organization:  Corporal, Company F, 19th Maine Infantry
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   Capture of the flag of 26th North Carolina (CSA).

Harrington, Ephraim W.

Rank & Organization:  Sergeant, Company G, 2d Vermont Infantry
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   Carried the colors to the top of the heights and almost to the muzzle of the enemy's guns.

Haskell, Frank W.

Rank & Organization:  Sergeant Major, 3d Maine Infantry
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   Assumed command of a portion of the left wing of his regiment, all the company officers present having been killed or disabled, led it gallantly across a stream and contributed most effectively to the success of the action.

Hayden, Cyrus

Rank & Organization:  Carpenter, U.S. Navy
Conflict:  1871 Korea

Citation:   On board the USS Colorado during the attack and capture of the Korean forts, 11 June 1871. Serving as color bearer of the battalion, Hayden planted his flag on the ramparts of the citadel and protected it under a heavy fire from the enemy.

Haynes, Asbury F.

Rank & Organization:  Corporal, Company F, 17th Maine Infantry
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   Capture of flag.

Hesseltine, Francis S.

Rank & Organization:  Colonel, 13th Maine Infantry
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   In command of a detachment of 100 men, conducted a reconnaissance for 2 days, baffling and beating back an attacking force of more than a thousand Confederate cavalry, and regained his transport without loss.

Hincks, William B.

Rank & Organization:  Sergeant Major, 14th Connecticut Infantry
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   During the highwater mark of Pickett's charge on 3 July 1863 the colors of the 14th Tenn. Inf. C.S.A. were planted 50 yards in front of the center of Sgt. Maj. Hincks' regiment. There were no Confederates standing near it but several were lying down around it. Upon a call for volunteers by Maj. Ellis, commanding, to capture this flag, this soldier and 2 others leaped the wall. One companion was instantly shot. Sgt. Maj. Hincks outran his remaining companion running straight and swift for the colors amid a storm of shot. Swinging his saber over the prostrate Confederates and uttering a terrific yell, he seized the flag and hastily returned to his lines. The 14th Tenn. carried 12 battle honors on its flag. The devotion to duty shown by Sgt. Maj. Hincks gave encouragement to many of his comrades at a crucial moment of the battle.

Howard, Oliver O.

Rank & Organization:  Brigadier General, U.S. Volunteers
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   Led the 61st New York Inf in a charge in which he was twice severely wounded in the right arm, necessitating amputation.

Hyde, Henry J.

Rank & Organization:  Sergeant, Company M, 1st U.S. Cavalry
Conflict:  Indian Wars

Citation:   Gallant conduct during campaigns and engagements with Apaches.

Hyde, Thomas W.

Rank & Organization:  Major, 7th Maine Infantry
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   Led his regiment in an assault on a strong body of the enemy's infantry and kept up the fight until the greater part of his men had been killed or wounded, bringing the remainder safely out of the fight.

Kendrick, Thomas

Rank & Organization:  Coxswain, U.S. Navy
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   Served as coxswain on board the USS Oneida in the engagement at Mobile Bay, 5 August, 1864. Volunteering for the Mobile Bay action from Bienville, Kendrick displayed courageous devotion to duty, and his excellent conduct throughout the battle which resulted in the capture of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging of Fort Morgan, attracted the attention of the commanding officer and those serving around him.

King, Horatio C.

Rank & Organization:  Major and Quartermaster, U.S. Volunteers
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   While serving as a volunteer aide, carried orders to the reserve brigade and participated with it in the charge which repulsed the enemy.

Knowles, Abiather J.

Rank & Organization:  Private, Company D, 2d Maine Infantry
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   Removed dead and wounded under heavy fire.

Libby, George D.

Rank & Organization:  Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company C, 3d Engineer Combat Battalion, 24th Infantry Division
Conflict:  Korean War

Citation:   Sgt. Libby distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action. While breaking through an enemy encirclement, the vehicle in which he was riding approached an enemy roadblock and encountered devastating fire which disabled the truck, killing or wounding all the passengers except Sgt. Libby. Taking cover in a ditch Sgt. Libby engaged the enemy and despite the heavy fire crossed the road twice to administer aid to his wounded comrades. He then hailed a passing M-5 artillery tractor and helped the wounded aboard. The enemy directed intense small-arms fire at the driver, and Sgt. Libby, realizing that no one else could operate the vehicle, placed himself between the driver and the enemy thereby shielding him while he returned the fire. During this action he received several wounds in the arms and body. Continuing through the town the tractor made frequent stops and Sgt. Libby helped more wounded aboard. Refusing first aid, he continued to shield the driver and return the fire of the enemy when another roadblock was encountered. Sgt. Libby received additional wounds but held his position until he lost consciousness. Sgt. Libby's sustained, heroic actions enabled his comrades to reach friendly lines. His dauntless courage and gallant self-sacrifice reflect the highest credit upon himself and uphold the esteemed traditions of the U.S. Army.

Littlefield, George H.

Rank & Organization:  Corporal, Company G, 1st Maine Veteran Infantry
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   The color sergeant having been wounded, this soldier picked up the flag and bore it to the front, to the great encouragement of the charging column.

Loring, Charles J. Jr.

Rank & Organization:  Major, U.S. Air Force, 80th Fighter-Bomber Squadron, 8th Fighter-Bomber Wing
Conflict:  Korean War

Citation:   Maj. Loring distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. While leading a night of 4 F-80 type aircraft on a close support mission, Maj. Loring was briefed by a controller to dive-bomb enemy gun positions which were harassing friendly ground troops. After verifying the location of the target, Maj. Loring rolled into his dive bomb run. Throughout the run, extremely accurate ground fire was directed on his aircraft. Disregarding the accuracy and intensity of the ground fire, Maj. Loring aggressively continued to press the attack until his aircraft was hit. At approximately 4,000 feet, he deliberately altered his course and aimed his diving aircraft at active gun emplacements concentrated on a ridge northwest of the briefed target, turned his aircraft 45 degrees to the left, pulled up in a deliberate, controlled maneuver, and elected to sacrifice his life by diving his aircraft directly into the midst of the enemy emplacements. His selfless and heroic action completely destroyed the enemy gun emplacement and eliminated a dangerous threat to United Nations ground forces. Maj. Loring's noble spirit, superlative courage, and conspicuous self-sacrifice in inflicting maximum damage on the enemy exemplified valor of the highest degree and his actions were in keeping with the finest traditions of the U.S. Air Force.

Lunt, Alphonso M.

Rank & Organization:  Sergeant, Company F, 38th Massachusetts Infantry
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   Carried his flag to the most advanced position where, left almost alone close to the enemy's lines he refused their demand to surrender, withdrew at great personal peril, and saved his flag.

Mack, John

Rank & Organization:  Seaman, U.S. Navy
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   As seaman on board the USS Hendrick Hudson, St. Marks, Fla, 5 and 6 March 1865, Mack served with the Army in charge of Navy howitzers during the attack on St. Marks and, throughout this fierce engagement, made remarkable efforts in assisting transport of the gun. His coolness and determination in courageously standing by his gun while under the fire of the enemy were a credit to the service to which he belonged.

Mattocks, Charles P.

Rank & Organization:  Major, 17th Maine Infantry
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   Displayed extraordinary gallantry in leading a charge of his regiment which resulted in the capture of a large number of prisoners and a stand of colors.

McCullock, Adam

Rank & Organization:  Seaman, U.S. Navy
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   On board the USS Lackawanna during successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, on 5 Aug 1864. Wounded when an enemy shell struck, and ordered to go below, McCullock refused to leave his station and continued to perform his duties throughout the prolonged action which resulted in the capture of the prize ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of Fort Morgan.

McLeod, James

Rank & Organization:  Captain of the Foretop, U.S. Navy
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   Captain of foretop, and a volunteer from the Colorado, McLeod served on board the USS Pensacola during the attack upon Forts Jackson and St. Philip and the taking of New Orleans, 24 and 25 Apr 1862. Acting as gun captain of the rifled howitzer aft which was much exposed, he served this piece with great ability and activity, although no officer superintended it.

McMahon, Thomas J.

Rank & Organization:  Specialist Fourth Class, U.S. Army, Company A, 2d Battalion, 1st Infantry, 196th Infantry Brigade, Americal Division
Conflict:  Vietnam

Citation:   For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. Sp4c. McMahon distinguished himself while serving as medical aid man with Company A. When the lead elements of his company came under heavy fire from well-fortified enemy positions, 3 soldiers fell seriously wounded. Sp4c. McMahon, with complete disregard for his safety, left his covered position and ran through intense enemy fire to the side of 1 of the wounded, administered first aid and then carried him to safety. He returned through the hail of fire to the side of a second wounded man. Although painfully wounded by an exploding mortar round while returning the wounded man to a secure position, Sp4c. McMahon refused medical attention and heroically ran back through the heavy enemy fire toward his remaining wounded comrade. He fell mortally wounded before he could rescue the last man. Sp4c. McMahon's undaunted concern for the welfare of his comrades at the cost of his life are in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit on himself, his unit, and the U.S. Army.

McMasters, Henry A.

Rank & Organization:  Corporal, Company A, 4th U.S. Cavalry
Conflict:  Indian Wars

Citation:   Gallantry in action.

Merriam, Henry C.

Rank & Organization:  Lieutenant Colonel, 73d U.S. Colored Troops
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   Volunteered to attack the enemy's works in advance of orders and, upon permission being given, made a most gallant assault.

Merrill, Augustus

Rank & Organization:  Captain, Company B, 1st Maine Veteran Infantry
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   With 6 men, captured 69 Confederate prisoners and recaptured several soldiers who had fallen into the enemy's hands.

Millett, Lewis L.

Rank & Organization:  Captain, U.S. Army, Company E, 27th Infantry Regiment
Conflict:  Korean War

Citation:   Capt. Millett, Company E, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action. While personally leading his company in an attack against a strongly held position he noted that the 1st Platoon was pinned down by small-arms, automatic, and antitank fire. Capt. Millett ordered the 3d Platoon forward, placed himself at the head of the 2 platoons, and, with fixed bayonet, led the assault up the fire-swept hill. In the fierce charge Capt. Millett bayoneted 2 enemy soldiers and boldly continued on, throwing grenades, clubbing and bayoneting the enemy, while urging his men forward by shouting encouragement. Despite vicious opposing fire, the whirlwind hand-to-hand assault carried to the crest of the hill. His dauntless leadership and personal courage so inspired his men that they stormed into the hostile position and used their bayonets with such lethal effect that the enemy fled in wild disorder. During this fierce onslaught Capt. Millett was wounded by grenade fragments but refused evacuation until the objective was taken and firmly secured. The superb leadership, conspicuous courage, and consummate devotion to duty demonstrated by Capt. Millett were directly responsible for the successful accomplishment of a hazardous mission and reflect the highest credit on himself and the heroic traditions of the military service.

Milliken, Daniel

Rank & Organization:  Quarter Gunner, U.S. Navy
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   Milliken served on board the USS New Ironsides during action in several attacks on Fort Fisher, 24 and 25 Dec 1864- and 13,14 and 15 Jan 1865. The ship steamed in and took the lead in the Ironclad division close inshore and immediately opened its starboard battery in a barrage of well directed fire to cause several fires and explosions and dismount several guns during the first 2 days of fighting. Taken under fire as she steamed into position on 13 Jan, the New Ironsides fought all day and took on ammunition at night despite severe weather conditions. When the enemy came out of his bombproofs to defend the fort against the storming party, the ship's battery disabled nearly every gun on the fort facing the shore before the cease-fire orders were given by the flagship.

Morrill, Walter G.

Rank & Organization:  Captain, Company B, 20th Maine Infantry
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   Learning that an assault was to be made upon the enemy's works by other troops, this officer voluntarily joined the storming party with about 50 men of his regiment, and by his dash and gallantry rendered effective service in the assault.

O'Brien, Henry D.

Rank & Organization:  Corporal, Company E, 1st Minnesota Infantry
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   Taking up the colors where they had fallen, he rushed ahead of his regiment, close to the muzzles of the enemy's guns, and engaged in the desperate struggle in which the enemy was defeated, and though severely wounded, he held the colors until wounded a second time.

Pike, Edward M.

Rank & Organization:  First Sergeant, Company A, 33d Illinois Infantry
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   While the troops were falling back before a superior force, this soldier, assisted by one companion, and while under severe fire at close range, saved a cannon from capture by the enemy.

Poole, William B.

Rank & Organization:  Quartermaster, U.S. Navy
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   Service as quartermaster on board the USS Kearsarge when she destroyed the Alabama off Cherbourg, France, 19 Jun 1864. Stationed at the helm, Poole steered the ship during the engagement in a cool and most creditable manner and was highly commended by his divisional officer for his gallantry under fire.

Reed, Axel H.

Rank & Organization:  Sergeant, Company K, 2d Minnesota Infantry
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   While in arrest at Chickamauga, Ga, left his place in the rear and voluntarily went to the line of battle, secured a rifle, and fought gallantly during the 2-day battle; was released from arrest in recognition of his bravery. At Missionary Ridge commanded his company and gallantly led it, being among the first to enter the enemy's works; was severely wounded, losing an arm, but declined a discharge and remained in active service to the end of the war.

Rice, Charles

Rank & Organization:  Coal Heaver, U.S. Navy
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   On board the USS Agawam, as one of a volunteer crew of a powder boat which was exploded near Fort Fisher, 23 Dec 1864. The powder boat, towed in by the Wilderness to prevent detection by the enemy, cast off and slowly steamed to within 300 yards of the beach. After fuses and fires had been lit and a second anchor with short scope let go to assure the boat's tailing inshore, the crew again boarded the Wilderness and proceeded a distance of 12 miles from shore. Less than 2 hours later the explosion took place, and the following day, fires were observed still burning at the fort.

Richmond, James

Rank & Organization:  Private, Company F, 8th Ohio Infantry
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   Capture of flag.

Roberts, Otis O.

Rank & Organization:  Sergeant, Company H, 6th Maine Infantry
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   Capture of flag of 8th Louisiana Infantry (C.S.A.) in a hand-to-hand struggle with the color bearer.

Robinson, John

Rank & Organization:  Captain of the Hold, U.S. Navy
Conflict:  Interim Awards 1866-1870

Citation:   With Acting Ensign James H. Bunting, during the heavy gale which occurred in Pensacola Bay on the night of 19 January 1867, Robinson swam ashore with a line for the purpose of sending off a blowcock, which would facilitate getting up steam and prevent the vessel from stranding, thus voluntarily periling his life to save the vessel and the lives of others.

Savage, Auzella

Rank & Organization:  Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   On board the USS Santiago de Cuba in the assault on Fort Fisher, 15 January 1865. When the landing party to which he was attached charged on the fort with a cheer, and the determination to plant the colors on the ramparts, Savage remained steadfast when more than two-thirds of the marines and sailors fell back in panic during the fight. When enemy fire shot away the flagstaff above his hand, he bravely seized the remainder of the staff and brought his colors safely off.

Schonland, Herbert Emery

Rank & Organization:  Commander, U.S. Navy, USS San Francisco
Conflict:  World War II

Citation:   For extreme heroism and courage above and beyond the call of duty as damage control officer of the USS San Francisco in action against greatly superior enemy forces in the battle off Savo Island, 12-13 November 1942. In the same violent night engagement in which all of his superior officers were killed or wounded, Lt. Comdr. Schonland was fighting valiantly to free the San Francisco of large quantities of water flooding the second deck compartments through numerous shell holes caused by enemy fire. Upon being informed that he was commanding officer, he ascertained that the conning of the ship was being efficiently handled, then directed the officer who had taken over that task to continue while he himself resumed the vitally important work of maintaining the stability of the ship. In water waist deep, he carried on his efforts in darkness illuminated only by hand lanterns until water in flooded compartments had been drained or pumped off and watertight integrity had again been restored to the San Francisco. His great personal valor and gallant devotion to duty at great peril to his own life were instrumental in bringing his ship back to port under her own power, saved to fight again in the service of her country.

Seward, Richard H.

Rank & Organization:  Paymaster's Steward, U.S. Navy
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   Served as paymaster's steward on board the USS Commodore, November 1863. Carrying out his duties courageously, Seward "volunteered to go on the field amidst a heavy fire to recover the bodies of 2 soldiers which he brought off with the aid of others; a second instance of personal valor within a fortnight.'' Promoted to acting master's mate.

Skidgel, Donald Sidney

Rank & Organization:  Sergeant, U.S. Army, Troop D, 1st Squadron, 9th Cavalry, 1st Cavalry Division
Conflict:  Vietnam

Citation:   For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. Sgt. Skidgel distinguished himself while serving as a reconnaissance section leader in Troop D. On a road near Song Be in Binh Long Province, Sgt. Skidgel and his section with other elements of his troop were acting as a convoy security and screening force when contact occurred with an estimated enemy battalion concealed in tall grass and in bunkers bordering the road. Sgt. Skidgel maneuvered off the road and began placing effective machinegun fire on the enemy automatic weapons and rocket-propelled grenade positions. After silencing at least 1 position, he ran with his machinegun across 60 meters of bullet-swept ground to another location from which he continued to rake the enemy positions. Running low on ammunition, he returned to his vehicle over the same terrain. Moments later he was alerted that the command element was receiving intense automatic weapons, rocket-propelled grenade and mortar fire. Although he knew the road was saturated with enemy fire, Sgt. Skidgel calmly mounted his vehicle and with his driver advanced toward the command group in an effort to draw the enemy fire onto himself. Despite the hostile fire concentrated on him, he succeeded in silencing several enemy positions with his machinegun. Moments later Sgt. Skidgel was knocked down onto the rear fender by the explosion of an enemy rocket-propelled grenade. Ignoring his extremely painful wounds, he staggered back to his feet and placed effective fire on several other enemy positions until he was mortally wounded by hostile small arms fire. His selfless actions enabled the command group to withdraw to a better position without casualties and inspired the rest of his fellow soldiers to gain fire superiority and defeat the enemy. Sgt. Skidgel's gallantry at the cost of his life were in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, his unit, and the U.S. Army.

Smith, Charles H.

Rank & Organization:  Colonel, 1st Maine Cavalry
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   Remained in the fight to the close, although severely wounded.

Smith, Charles H.

Rank & Organization:  Coxswain, U.S. Navy
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   On board the USS Rhode Island which was engaged in rescuing men from the stricken Monitor in Mobile Bay (sic), on Dec 30, 1862. After the Monitor sprang a leak and went down, Smith courageously risked his life in a gallant attempt to rescue members of the crew. Although he, too, lost his life during the hazardous operation, he had made every effort possible to save the lives of his fellow men.

Smith, Joseph S.

Rank & Organization:  Lieutenant Colonel and Commissary of Subsistence, 2d Army Corps
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   Led a part of a brigade, saved 2 pieces of artillery, captured a flag, and secured a number of prisoners.

Smith, William

Rank & Organization:  Private, Company G, 8th U.S. Cavalry
Conflict:  Indian Wars

Citation:   Gallantry in action.

Spurling, Andrew B.

Rank & Organization:  Lieutenant Colonel, 2d Maine Cavalry
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   Advanced alone in the darkness beyond the picket line, came upon 3 of the enemy, fired upon them (his fire being returned), wounded 2, and captured the whole party.

Taylor, Thomas

Rank & Organization:  Coxswain, U.S. Navy
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   Served on board the USS Metacomet during the action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the rebel ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 Aug 1864. Despite damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks, Taylor encouraged the men of the forward pivot gun when the officer in command displayed cowardice, doing honor to the occasion.

Taylor, Wilbur N.

Rank & Organization:  Corporal, Company K, 8th U.S. Cavalry
Conflict:  Indian Wars

Citation:   Bravery in actions with Indians.

Terry, John D.

Rank & Organization:  Sergeant, Company E, 23d Massachusetts Infantry
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   In the thickest of the fight, where he lost his leg by a shot, still encouraged the men until carried off the field.

Thaxter, Sidney W.

Rank & Organization:  Major, 1st Maine Cavalry
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   Voluntarily remained and participated in the battle with conspicuous gallantry, although his term of service had expired and he had been ordered home to be mustered out.

Tobie, Edward P.

Rank & Organization:  Sergeant Major, 1st Maine Cavalry
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   Though severely wounded at Sailors Creek, 6 April, and at Farmville, 7 April, refused to go to the hospital, but remained with his regiment, performed the full duties of adjutant upon the wounding of that officer, and was present for duty at Appomattox.

Tozier, Andrew J.

Rank & Organization:  Sergeant, Company I, 20th Maine Infantry
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   At the crisis of the engagement this soldier, a color bearer, stood alone in an advanced position, the regiment having been borne back, and defended his colors with musket and ammunition picked up at his feet.

Tracy, Amasa A.

Rank & Organization:  Lieutenant Colonel, 2d Vermont Infantry
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   Took command of and led the brigade in the assault on the enemy's works.

Tripp, Othniel

Rank & Organization:  Chief Boatswain's Mate, U.S. Navy
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   On board the USS Seneca in the assault on Fort Fisher, 15 Jan 1865. Despite severe enemy fire which halted an attempt by his assaulting party to enter the stockade, Tripp boldly charged through the gap in the stockade although the center of the line, being totally unprotected, fell back along the open beach and left too few in the ranks to attempt an offensive operation.

Verney, James W.

Rank & Organization:  Chief Quartermaster, U.S. Navy
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   Served as chief quartermaster on board the USS Pontoosuc during the capture of Fort Fisher and Wilmington, 24 Dec 1864 to 22 Feb 1865. Carrying out his duties faithfully throughout this period, Verney was recommended for gallantry and skill and for his cool courage while under fire of the enemy throughout these various actions.

Waugh, Robert T.

Rank & Organization:  First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, 339th Infantry, 85th Infantry Division
Conflict:  World War II

Citation:   For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty in action with the enemy. In the course of an attack upon an enemy-held hill on 11 May, 1st Lt. Waugh personally reconnoitered a heavily mined area before entering it with his platoon. Directing his men to deliver fire on 6 bunkers guarding this hill, 1st Lt. Waugh advanced alone against them, reached the first bunker, threw phosphorus grenades into it and as the defenders emerged, killed them with a burst from his tommygun. He repeated this process on the 5 remaining bunkers, killing or capturing the occupants. On the morning of 14 May, 1st Lt. Waugh ordered his platoon to lay a base of fire on 2 enemy pillboxes located on a knoll which commanded the only trail up the hill. He then ran to the first pillbox, threw several grenades into it, drove the defenders into the open, and killed them. The second pillbox was next taken by this intrepid officer by similar methods. The fearless actions of 1st Lt. Waugh broke the Gustav Line at that point, neutralizing 6 bunkers and 2 pillboxes and he was personally responsible for the death of 30 of the enemy and the capture of 25 others. He was later killed in action in Itri, Italy, while leading his platoon in an attack.

Wheeler, Henry W.

Rank & Organization:  Private, Company A, 2d Maine Infantry
Conflict:  Canadian Civil War MOH Recipients

Citation:   Voluntarily accompanied his commanding officer and assisted in removing the dead and wounded from the field under a heavy fire of artillery and musketry.

Whitman, Frank M.

Rank & Organization:  Private, Company G, 35th Massachusetts Infantry
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   Was among the last to leave the field at Antietam and was instrumental in saving the lives of several of his comrades at the imminent risk of his own. At Spotsylvania was foremost in line in the assault, where he lost a leg.

Whittier, Edward N.

Rank & Organization:  First Lieutenant, 5th Battery, Maine Light Artillery
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   While acting as assistant adjutant general, Artillery brigade, 6th Army Corps, went over the enemy's works, mounted, with the assaulting column, to gain quicker possession of the guns and to turn them upon the enemy.

Williams, Anthony

Rank & Organization:  Sailmaker's Mate, U.S. Navy
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   Served as sailmaker's mate on board the USS Pontoosuc during the capture of Fort Fisher and Wilmington, 24 Dec 1864 to 22 Feb 1865. Carrying out his duties faithfully throughout this period, Williams was recommended for gallantry and skill and for his cool courage while under the fire of the enemy throughout these various actions.

Wood, H. Clay

Rank & Organization:  First Lieutenant, 11th U.S. Infantry
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   Distinguished gallantry.

Young, Horatio N.

Rank & Organization:  Seaman, U.S. Navy
Conflict:  Civil War

Citation:   On board the USS Lehigh, Charleston Harbor, 16 November 1863, during the hazardous task of freeing the Lehigh, which had grounded, and was under heavy enemy fire from Fort Moultrie. After several previous attempts had been made, Young succeeded in passing in a small boat from the Lehigh to the Nahant with a line bent on a hawser. This courageous action while under severe enemy fire enabled the Lehigh to be freed from her helpless position.

Zeamer, Jay Jr.

Rank & Organization:  Major, U.S. Army Air Corps
Conflict:  World War II

Citation:   On 16 June 1943, Maj. Zeamer (then Capt.) volunteered as pilot of a bomber on an important photographic mapping mission covering the formidably defended area in the vicinity of Buka, Solomon Islands. While photographing the Buka airdrome. his crew observed about 20 enemy fighters on the field, many of them taking off. Despite the certainty of a dangerous attack by this strong force, Maj. Zeamer proceeded with his mapping run, even after the enemy attack began. In the ensuing engagement, Maj. Zeamer sustained gunshot wounds in both arms and legs, 1 leg being broken. Despite his injuries, he maneuvered the damaged plane so skillfully that his gunners were able to fight off the enemy during a running fight which lasted 40 minutes. The crew destroyed at least 5 hostile planes, of which Maj. Zeamer himself shot down 1. Although weak from loss of blood, he refused medical aid until the enemy had broken combat. He then turned over the controls, but continued to exercise command despite lapses into unconsciousness, and directed the flight to a base 580 miles away. In this voluntary action, Maj. Zeamer, with superb skill, resolution, and courage, accomplished a mission of great value.