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Biographical Dictionary of Architects in Maine

Earle G. Shettleworth, Jr., Editor
Roger G. Reed, Associate Editor

A Biographical Dictionary of Architects in Maine is a joint project of the Maine Historic Preservation Commission and Maine Preservation (formerly Maine Citizens for Historic Preservation). Since 1984 the Commission and Maine Preservation have published one hundred entries describing the careers of architects and builders who worked in the state during the eighteenth, nineteenth, and twentieth centuries. Each biography is illustrated and includes a list of the architect’s buildings.

Several reasons exist for the Commission and Maine Preservation to sponsor this long-term project. First, the knowledge of architects’ careers is critical to evaluating whether or not to preserve examples of their work. More than once in Maine, the argument has been made successfully that a particular structure should be saved because it is one of the most significant works of a particular architect. The more we learn about the history and meaning of our built environment, the more effective we become in defending, interpreting, and enhancing it.

Second, since 1972 the Commission has been gathering large quantities of material, both factual and pictorial, about Maine’s architects and their buildings. Our biographical file now contains hundreds of names spanning three centuries, while our newspaper research and local, regional, and county surveys have uncovered many others. The time has come to organize this vast store of data and make it available to the public.

Third, Maine currently has no reference work of this nature. Both Withey’s Biographical Dictionary of American Architects (1970) and the MacMillan Encyclopedia of Architects (1982) include only a few entries relevant to Maine. Far more relevant have been the three very useful publications of recent years: The Maine HABS Catalogue (1974), Maine Forms of American Architecture (1976), and Maine’s Historic Places (1982). However valuable this trio of books are, they do not begin to contain the breadth and depth of information which currently exists only in raw form.

The biographical essays have been prepared by members of the Commission staff as well as architectural historians from both inside and outside the state. Those with an interest in a particular architect or architects are encouraged to participate by contacting the Commission’s director, who serves as editor for the project.

The Architects

Barber, George F.
1854 - 1915

Barry, William E.
1846 - 1932

Bassford, Asher B.
1805 - 1887

Beedy, Daniel
1810 - 1889

Bond, Richard
1798 - 1861

Bowditch, Ernest W.
1850 - 1918

Bryant, Gridley J. F.
1816 - 1899

Bulfinch, Charles
1763 - 1844

Burnham and Root

Burnham, George
1875 - 1931

Burton, Felix Arnold
1885 - 1949

Butterfield, Chesmon
1835 - 1881

Case, Pamelia A.
1830 - 1911

Chamberlain, Calvin
1810 - 1904

Chandler, Francis W.
1844 - 1926

Chapman and Frazer

Clapp, Charles Q.
1799 - 1868

Cochrane, Harry H.
1860 - 1946

Codd, Nicholas
? - 1824

Dabney, William H., Jr.
1855 - 1897

Delano and Aldrich

Dorticos, Antoine
1848 - 1906

Dunton, Ebenezer
1764? - 1809

Eaton, Thomas
1794 - 1831

Eyre, Wilson
1858 - 1944

Farrand, Beatrix Jones
1872 - 1959

Flagg, Gershom
1705 - 1771

Frost, Charles Sumner
1856 - 1931

Furness, Evans, and Company

Gilkey, Isaac
1768 - 1814

Goodwin, William A.
1822 - 1896

Grain, Peter, Sr.
c. 1786 - ?

Green and Wicks

Harrison, Wallace K.
1895 - 1981

Heistad, Hans O.
1871 - 1945

Higgins, Edward Leander
1879 - 1936

Hunt, Richard Morris
1827 - 1895

Huntress, Thomas C.
1811 - 1901

Johnson, Bradbury
1766 - 1819

Johnson, Brother Moses
1752 - 1842

Johnson, Lindley
1854 - 1937

Keely, Patrick C.
1816 - 1896

Kent, Rockwell
1882 - 1971

Kilham, Hopkins & Greeley

Kimball, John, Jr.
1783 - 1865

Kimball, John, Sr.
1758 - 1831

Larson, Jens F.
1891 - 1982

Lawrence, Ellis F.
1879 - 1946

Lockwood, Amos D.
1815 - 1884

Longfellow, William Pitt Preble
1836 - 1913

Lord, Thomas M.
1806 - 1880

Lowell, Guy
1870 - 1927

Mann and MacNeille

McKim, Mead, and White

Meacham, George F.
1831 - 1917

Melcher, Samuel III
1775 - 1862

Miller and Mayo

Miller, William R.
1866 - 1929

Mullett, Alfred B.
1834 - 1890

Neal, John
1793 - 1876

Nutting, Nathan, Jr.
1804 - 1867

O'Connell, Timothy G.
1868 - 1955

Olmsted, Frederick Law
1822 - 1903

Orff, George W.
1835 - 1908

Overlock, James
1813 - 1906

Palliser, Palliser and Company

Parris, Alexander
1780 - 1852

Payson, Louise
1894 - 1977

Peabody and Stearns

Pelham, George B.
1831 - 1889

Peters, William Y.
1858 - 1938

Platt, Charles A.
1861 - 1933

Plumer, Peter W.
1825 - 1873

Pond, Charles H.
1802 - 1884

Potter, William Appleton
1842 - 1909

Preliminary Historical Checklist of Landscape Architects in Maine

Price, Bruce
1845 - 1903

Rand & Taylor

Rand, James H.
1814 - 1883

Renwick, James, Jr.
1818 - 1895

Richards, Henry
1848 - 1949

Robinson, Peleg S.
1826 - 1900

Rogers, Isaiah
1800 - 1869

Romer, Colonel Wolgang William
1640 - 1713

Ross, Albert Randolph
1869 - 1948

Ryder, Calvin
1810 - 1890

Sherman, Aaron S.
1789 - 1881

Spencer, Robert C., Jr.
1864 - 1953

Stanley, Freeman A.
1870 - 1934

Stevens, William H.
1818 - 1880

Stickney, Frederick W.
1853 - 1918

Thomas, John P.
1886 - 1944

Thompson, Joseph W.
1822 - 1891

Valk, Lawrence B.
1838 - 1924

Van Brunt, Henry
1832 - 1903

Vaughan, Charles
1759 - 1839

Vaughan, Henry
1845 - 1917

Vinal, Arthur H.
1854 - 1923

Wheelwright, Edmund M.
1854 - 1912

Wheelwright, Robert
1884 - 1965

Wright, Frank Lloyd
1867 - 1959