Skip Maine state header navigation

Agencies | Online Services | Help

Skip First Level Navigation | Skip All Navigation

Early Contact Period

National Register Eligibility Criteria

To be eligible for National Register listing under the Early Contact context, a Maine site must contain a component clearly datable to the Early Contact Period.  Such dating is most easy to demonstrate by the presence of certain types of European-manufactured goods (certain bead types, clay tobacco pipe types, European ceramics).  Early Contact period sites also are apparently marked by evidence of Native American remanufacture of European materials (such as copper, brass, glass, or ballast flint), into Native American cognate items (such as endscrapers made of bottle glass or flint, or copper triangular points).  These "remanufactured" items should exist without evidence that the site dates from after 1676, if they are to be used to date the site to the Early Contact Period.  Therefore, National Register eligibility of a site, based upon its Early Contact component, is minimally dependent only upon the archaeologist's ability to demonstrate that some or all of the Early Contact component is either a "pure" component or that it can be clearly separated (material culture assemblage) from preceding or later admixture.  National Register eligibility is enhanced by the presence of features, house or village plans, and/or floral or faunal remains that can be securely associated with the Early Contact component.  A plausible association of the archaeological site with a site mentioned in an ethnohistoric text also enhances National Register eligibility, but a textual association cannot by itself be used to "prove" an Early Contact date for a site in the absence of material culture or other confirmation.  Moreover, any site with an Early Contact period component that can make an extraordinary contribution to any of the Research Significance Themes is also eligible.