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planning documents: Capital Work Plan for FY 2012-2013
Home >Summary of the Capital Work Plan
Summary of the Capital Work Plan for FY 2012-2013
The Maine Department of Transportation’s (MaineDOT) FY 2012-2013 Capital Work Plan (Work Plan) covers July 1, 2011 through June 30, 2013. It supports the Department’s mission of responsibly providing a safe, efficient and reliable transportation system that supports economic opportunity and quality of life. The Work Plan lists anticipated capital transportation funding and MaineDOT’s strategy to apply this funding to specific transportation improvements throughout the state. The Work Plan emphasizes focusing scarce transportation resources on existing critical infrastructure needs – roads and bridges primarily – to the greatest extent possible. By utilizing about $145 million from resources carried forward from the last biennium, it provides $688.7 million for highways and bridges. This Work Plan also invests $75.9 million in multimodal capital projects in accordance with federal policy and to leverage additional public and private transportation investment.
The Work Plan reflects sound transportation concepts and the best available forecasts of costs and funding. However, any significant changes impacting the costs of transportation projects will impact MaineDOT’s ability to finance and deliver all of the projects identified in this Work Plan. The following circumstances will influence the stability of this Work Plan:
The Work Plan’s timing also coincides with increased efforts to stretch each transportation dollar as far as possible. Therefore, while reduced resources could require project reductions, MaineDOT will staff will work closely with industry and municipal officials to increase efficiencies in the way we do business that could enable project additions through actions including but not limited to:
Funding for the FY 2012-2013 Work Plan totals $764.6 million and comes primarily from a number of state sources and federal transportation programs with limited funding from municipalities and other sources.
Approximately $145.3 million is carried forward from the previous Work Plan, representing 19% of all funding. This funding is available due to factors such as lower than projected bids for capital projects, increased flexible federal funding due to continuing resolutions and the absence of earmarks, and projects which have had schedules moved to the 2012—2013 biennium and are shown in this Work Plan. A breakdown of sources and several uses of capital funding levels is shown in the table below.
A. Federal Funding
The $436.2 million in projected federal funding noted above can be further broken down as follows:
FHWA funding is predominantly limited to highways and bridges, FTA funding is intended for transit and FAA funding supports aviation. Funding under each of these federal agencies is further divided into distinct categories with different eligibilities. For example, certain types of federal funding are limited to improving bridges, the Interstate, commercial airports, etc. The funding amounts shown above represent the sum of three distinct pools of funds as follows:
B. State Transportation Funding
This Work Plan includes $213 million in state transportation fund sources allocated primarily from the Highway Fund but also including $20 million from the General Fund.
C. TransCAP Cash Resources
The TransCAP trust fund is a capital transportation funding account administered by the Maine Municipal Bond Bank which is funded with 7.5% of the motor-fuel tax collected by the state pursuant to MRSA Title 30-A. If this account is projected to have more money than needed to sustain existing bonds, money is returned to MaineDOT for capital projects. This Work Plan assumes that $36 million will be returned to the Highway Fund from TransCAP.
D. TransCAP Bridge Bonding
Under Public Law, Ch 647, the Legislature authorized MaineDOT to bond $160 million in capital improvements for bridges from FY2010 to FY2013. Though this Work Plan includes no new authorized borrowing, it does assume that the remaining authorized but currently unsold $55 million in TransCAP Bridge bonding will be available. Consistent with the original plan, the total value of the updated four-year Bridge Work Plan is currently estimated at $452 million
III. Highway Corridor Priorities, Customer Service Levels and Project Selection
Compared to other New England states, Maine simply has a lot of miles of roads and relatively few people spread out over a large area. For example, New Hampshire has less than half the state roads as Maine and is located in less than one-third of the area, yet it has about the same population and state transportation funding. This means the Granite State has about twice the funding per mile that Maine does. Therefore, the MaineDOT must aggressively prioritize capital projects in order to get the most value out of every transportation dollar for Maine businesses and travelers.
A. Highway Corridor Priorities (HCP’s)
Intuitively, most people will agree that the interstate is more important to our economy than a dead end road that carries one hundred cars a day. The interstate obviously has to be wider, straighter, stronger, and smoother than the rarely used dead end road. Although we know that every road is important to someone, most can agree that we need to use objective, understandable criteria to determine priority. MaineDOT has gathered and analyzed straightforward, common-sense factors such as the economic importance of the road as determined from input from regional economic development districts, federal functional classification, heavy haul trucking use and the amount of relative traffic on the road by region. With this and other data, MaineDOT has classified all 23,142 miles of Maine public highways into six, easy-to-understand priority levels.
As a subtotal, Priority 1 through Priority 4 roads are only 29 percent of public road miles, but carry fully 80 percent of all the vehicle miles traveled in Maine.
Searchable maps showing HCP by roadway can be found on the CWP Map Viewer web page .
Where HCP’s provide a level of priority, Customer Service Levels (CSL’s) are engineering based measurements an intuitive scale: A, B, C, D and F based on the safety, condition and service of the state’s roads. The result is a fair, consistent measure of how a road compares to other roads of the same priority across the state.
This approach improves transportation decision-making, including:
Customer Service Levels: MaineDOT has adopted the following intuitive grading scale:
CSLs and their constituent measures are structured as follows:
Implementation of Highway Corridor Priorities and Customer Service Levels could be used to redefine Chapter 470 Capital Goals by emphasizing highway adequacy, safety, and customer satisfaction over national design standards.
IV. Project Selection & Public Process
Highway Corridor Priority and Customer Service Levels provide a foundation for selecting highway improvement projects and improvements to features along highway including bridges, intersections, guardrail, lighting, etc. Upon this foundation, we build the Work Plan with extensive public involvement into project selection including sending a request for project candidates to all Maine municipalities, Metropolitan Planning Organizations, Indian Nations and Tribes and County Commissioners (for Unorganized Territories) which occurred for this Work Plan in early 2010. In addition, MaineDOT conducts planning studies and technical assessments such as bridge inspections, pavement condition evaluations, etc. to identify project candidates.
In order to refine the prioritization of projects, MaineDOT considered the following questions which are presented in no particular order:
MaineDOT makes this Work Plan available to the public on the MaineDOT’s Web site http://www.mainedot.gov, at Maine’s four Metropolitan Planning Organizations, at MaineDOT’s Regional Offices and at federal repository libraries.
V. Highways and Bridges
Maine is a large, mostly rural state with its population spread over a great land area. Its geography of thousands of miles of coastline, islands, lakes, rivers and mountains makes Maine a unique and wonderful place to live and visit, but these features sometimes also act as costly barriers to a comprehensive transportation system.
This Work Plan contains $184 million for significant improvements, rehabilitation, preservation or replacement of bridges and an additional $9.5 million to begin preconstruction engineering for 18 bridges that will receive construction funding in a future biennium. Because of Maine’s topography and waterways, bridges are vital. Bridges literally connect dozens of communities throughout the state and any bridge that is posted or closed represents lost productivity and inconvenience due to time consuming detours. Improvements to bridges may also be coordinated with highway improvements to achieve cost savings and minimize traffic disruptions. MaineDOT has complete or partial responsibility for:
B. Highway Improvements
The largest component of Maine’s transportation system is its highway network. Maine’s need to invest in developing, upgrading, and maintaining this infrastructure is significant as the vast majority of people and commodities travel over highways.
C. Highway Preservation & Rehabilitation Paving
Highway Preservation strategies cost a fraction of reconstruction projects if applied at the correct time based on highway deterioration, a highway investment can be maintained almost indefinitely. Highway preservation is applied to Highway Corridors 1-3 that carry over 70% of Maine’s traffic. The majority of these miles have been reconstructed to an adequate standard. Given their importance to the economy and our customers, these improvements represent hundreds of millions of dollars in prior investments that must be preserved. Highway rehabilitation, although not full reconstruction, makes roads much safer, improve ride quality, and last significantly longer than maintenance paving alone. By processing bituminous materials from previously completed projects into a cold pavement mix called Plant Mix Recycled Asphalt Pavement (PMRAP), this material can be placed on the existing highway as base. This enables MaineDOT to add some structure and correct deficient cross slopes at much lower costs than reconstruction. This Work Plan includes $145 million for 480 miles of highway preservation and rehabilitation.
While light capital paving, preservation and rehabilitation are essential to a viable highway system, the costs have proven more volatile and difficult to predict than costs for other transportation projects, in large part because pavement requires large amounts of liquid asphalt, a petroleum byproduct. Should the cost of asphalt significantly increase, MaineDOT may need to delay or cancel significant amounts of paving as one done in prior biennia.
The FY 2012-2013 Work Plan provides almost $123 million in highway construction including the following improvements:
E. Highway Safety and Spot Improvements
Improving transportation safety remains MaineDOT’s top priority. Safety is considered and applied to every capital transportation project. This Work Plan contains $59.2 million in highway safety and spot improvements. Examples of projects included within it are intersection improvements, signage, railroad crossings, Interstate lighting along with spot infrastructure such as closed system drainage, unstable slopes, large culverts, hazardous rock walls, retaining walls, dams supporting or adjacent to the transportation system, etc., that are rapidly deteriorating.
F. Highway Light Capital Paving
Light capital paving is not a structural overlay but rather a light capital treatment and typically has a useful life of four to seven years. This treatment primarily serves as a mechanism to keeping lower priority highway corridors serviceable. This Work Plan provides $44.3 million for approximately 1,200 miles of maintenance paving.
G. Highway Striping
Annual highway striping is one of the most cost effective safety improvements per dollar spent. As such it is eligible for federal funding. Like prior plans, this Work Plan includes highway striping. The estimated cost is $10.7 million
H. Major Projects Study and Implementation
Planning studies provide detailed information regarding the costs and benefits of different solutions to transportation problems and MaineDOT must undertake them in many cases in order to comply with federal law. This Work Plan includes $9.6 million to continue and or implement planning studies in Aroostook County, Brunswick, Gorham, Sanford and Wiscasset.
I. GARVEE Debt Service
A Grant Anticipation Revenue Vehicle (GARVEE) is a federal financing mechanism that involves a pledge of future federal transportation funds. While this Work Plan is not based upon any new authorized borrowing, it provides $31.3 million in federal funding for debt service for previously authorized GARVEEs.
J. Administrative Transfers to Other Agencies
MaineDOT works with many other state agencies. In some instances, MaineDOT pays for services they provide MaineDOT. In others, MaineDOT supports programs where our agencies share similar goals. This Work Plan provides for $15.7 million in agency transfers to the Office of Information Technology ($9.7 million), Department of Conservation for recreational trail improvements ($2.4 million), Maine’s Controller’s Office and central government to recover the cost of providing un-billed central services to State Programs that operate with Federal and/or special revenue funds ($3 million) and the State Police for vehicles ($.6 million). This does not include funding transferred to the Northern New England Rail Authority to support AMTRAK Downeaster operations which is discussed in section XI below.
K. Project Support Services
This Work Plan provides funding to support MaineDOT’s capital production including land survey, property appraisal, environmental compliance, engineering, quality assurance, materials testing and contracting. This Work Plan includes $15.7 million in project support services.
L. Asset Inspection, Inventory and Analysis
Effective management of the State’s transportation system requires accurate information about its extent, condition and usage. It also requires a history of the costs and results of work performed on it. Like prior plans, this Work Plan includes $13.3 million to fund the development and maintenance of systems used to maintain transportation system data, assess the effectiveness of our investments, and to do predictive analysis for the best use of available resources.
M. Statewide Planning
The United States Department of Transportation mandates a number of federal planning, programming, reporting and public involvement requirements for state department of transportation. Like prior plans, this Work Plan includes $9.3 million for statewide planning which includes outreach and education to municipal officials and transportation stakeholders. This amount is below the levels recommended by the federal government.
N. Production Support
Production support consists of a range of actions to ensure regulatory compliance and accountability to Maine citizens. Examples of production support activities include civil rights compliance, safety site evaluations, contracts with regional planning organizations, federal research programs and municipal training. This Work Plan includes $13.3 million in Production Support activities which are listed separately within the document.
O. Metropolitan Areas
Please note that all Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) sponsored projects summarized below have already been included in the numbers above. MPO investments are being shown again in the table below because of the unique role of MPO’s in project selection and sponsorship.
Based on population densities determined by the U.S. Census, the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) has designated four MPO areas in Maine serving the Kittery, Portland, Lewiston-Auburn and Bangor regions. MPO membership consists of area cities and towns, public transit providers, MaineDOT and the Maine Turnpike Authority. These organizations are responsible for long-range transportation planning and programming of highway and transit capital improvements in their areas. It is MaineDOT’s current practice to provide each MPO with an allocation of federal and state transportation improvement funding every biennium based on the MPO’s relative share of statewide roadway lane miles and traffic. This process uses the same types of formulas that FHWA employs to distribute funds to states.
The four MPOs have $50.2 million in federal, state and local funding included in this Work Plan for projects to be selected by those MPOs.
The funding breaks down as follows:
Each MPO then allocates is funds based on its priorities and necessities. Based upon data from the MPO’s, these investments can be broken down as follows:
In Summary, uses of capital funding for highways and bridges are shown in the following table:
(1) Does not include $14.3 M in FHWA funds to be used to support the Amtrak Downeaster service.
(2) Includes funding for Regional Planning Contracts, Environmental Compliance and Permitting, Civil Rights Compliance, Safety Programs, Engineering Research, Engineering Oversight, Municipal Support Services
VI. Multimodal Capital Investments
This Work Plan focuses the vast majority of scarce transportation funding on short-term critical infrastructure needs such as highways and bridges. However, MaineDOT also supports the development and operation of an efficient, environmentally sensitive and cost-effective multimodal transportation system. In fact, a significant amount of federal transportation funding must be spent on multimodal projects. This Work Plan invests a total of $75.9 million in Maine's rail, airports, public transit, ferry service and bicycle/pedestrian trails, summarized as follows:
A. Freight Rail -- IRAP
Rail freight service is an important component of the freight transportation mix in Maine since it is particularly cost-effective when moving high-volume, low-value commodities over long distances. It gives shippers an additional transportation option besides highway transport when moving their products to market and inbound raw materials to their plants. This Work Plan provides $1 million for the successful Industrial Rail Access Program (IRAP). IRAP is a minimum 50:50 public: private partnership program for infrastructure investments facilitating the use of freight rail in Maine. It is one of the best economic development tools available for businesses that want to move from truck to rail service or that are solely dependent on rail. It also helps to ensure the health of the State’s railroads by providing new customers. Since 1997, the state of Maine has funded $6.8 million for IRAP. This investment has been matched by private-sector investments of more than $9.6 million in more than two dozen locations around the state.
B. Working Waterfront – SHIP
The Small Harbor Improvement Program (SHIP) is a grant program for a variety of improvements at small coastal harbors. Established in 1995, SHIP has leveraged over $7.5 million in municipal and private investment in 140 projects in 65 communities throughout Maine. The program protects Maine’s working waterfront through a combination of pier, bulkhead construction, and reconstruction projects. It also funds floats, landside improvements, public access, and other activities that help assure the viability of Maine’s working harbors. This Work Plan provides $1 million that will leverage a minimum of $250,000 in additional investments.
This Work Plan provides $52.5 million including leveraging $1.3 million in local funding and $1.3 million in state match for Federal Aviation Administration funds to provide grants for infrastructure improvements to publicly owned airports statewide. Projects include runway and taxiway reconstruction, safety improvements, and other enhancements to improve airport access, to invest in economic development, and to improve the safety of air services in Maine. In addition, there is limited funding for preservation to protect and extend the life of previous investments.
MaineDOT currently owns almost 400 transit vehicles which it leases to Maine’s transit providers. These vehicles have a replacement value of $50 million. Over 100 of these vehicles have reached or exceeded their useful lives and are still in service. In addition, demand for transit and transit ridership increases as the cost of fuel increases. This Work Plan provides $8.7 million for transit capital including fleet replacement.
E. Transportation Demand Management
This Work Plan includes just over $2 million for new Park & Ride facilities and $240,000 for GoMaine vehicle replacement totaling approximately $2.3 million.
F. Bicycle and Pedestrian
This Work Plan provides $10.4 million for initiatives directed toward bicyclists and pedestrian safety such as sidewalk construction, the inclusion of bicycle lanes and MaineDOT’s Safe Routes to School Program. The federal Safe Routes to School Program improves conditions and creates new opportunities for children walking and biking to school by constructing sidewalks, improving un-safe road crossings, improving intersections, and making other safety improvements as requested by the communities.
VII. Transit and Rail Operations Work Plan
Appendix A details over $46.4 million in biennial funding to support the operations of transit services, passenger rail and GoMaine throughout Maine. Though not capital in nature, funding for rail and transit is also vital to their contract operations.
A. Rail Operations
Maine’s Downeaster provides five daily round trips from Portland to Boston and is projected to extend service from Portland to Brunswick during this biennium. The Federal Highway Administration currently enables Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality (CMAQ) resources to fund rail operating costs in addition to projects such as intersection mobility improvements, variable message signs and park & ride facilities. This biennial transit operations Work Plan provides $18.1 million in funding as follows:
B. Transit Operations
As referenced in MaineDOT’s 2009 Biennial Operation’s Plan, Maine has 20 transit providers through the state providing coordinated service to everyone, including commuters, tourists, the elderly and individuals with disabilities. These services enhance employment and recreational options for residents and visitors alike providing a viable transportation alternative as gas prices increase. The biennial transit operations Work Plan provides $28.1 million in funding as follows:
C. GoMaine Operations
GoMaine is Maine’s statewide commuter service providing access to healthy, economical and eco-friendly options for commuting to and from work, besides simply driving alone. It helps commuters across Maine find practical commuting modes that save money, save energy, and save vehicle wear and tear, like carpools, vanpools, transit and bicycling. This Work Plan provides GoMaine a $600,000 operational subsidy as follows:
VIII. Project Listings
County by county lists of projects are provided below, followed by statewide and regional projects, transit and rail operating funding and a municipal index. These lists are available at www.mainedot.gov. As noted above, changes to funding, bids and schedules will cause changes to this plan. For an updated list of projects to be advertised for construction in the current calendar year, please see the current construction advertise schedule available at: http://www.maine.gov/mdot/contractor-consultant-information/pas/advertise.shtml.
This page last updated on 4/14/11
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