Guiding Principles

Part of The Maine Learning Results: Parameters for Essential Instruction

The knowledge and skills described in the Maine Department of Education Regulation 132 support Maine students in achieving the goals established in Maine’s Guiding Principles. The Guiding Principles state that each Maine student must leave school as:

A. A clear and effective communicator who:

  • Demonstrates organized and purposeful communication in English and at least one other language
  • Uses evidence and logic appropriately in communication
  • Adjusts communication based on the audience
  • Uses a variety of modes of expression (spoken, written and visual and performing including the use of technology to create and share the expressions)

B. A self-directed and lifelong learner who: 

  • Recognizes the need for information and locates and evaluates resources
  • Applies knowledge to set goals and make informed decisions
  • Applies knowledge in new contexts
  • Demonstrates initiative and independence
  • Demonstrates flexibility including the ability to learn, unlearn and relearn
  • Demonstrates reliability and concern for quality
  • Uses interpersonal skills to learn and work with individuals from diverse backgrounds

C. A creative and practical problem solver who:

  • Observes and evaluates situations to define problems
  • Frames questions, makes predictions and designs data/information collection and analysis strategies
  • Identifies patterns, trends and relationships that apply to solutions
  • Generates a variety of solutions, builds a case for a best response and critically evaluates the effectiveness of the response
  • Sees opportunities, finds resources and seeks results
  • Uses information and technology to solve problems
  • Perseveres in challenging situations

D. A responsible and involved citizen who:

  • Participates positively in the community and designs creative solutions to meet human needs and wants
  • Accepts responsibility for personal decisions and actions
  • Demonstrates ethical behavior and the moral courage to sustain it
  • Understands and respects diversity
  • Displays global awareness and economic and civic literacy
  • Demonstrates awareness of personal and community health and wellness

E. An integrative and informed thinker who:

  • Gains and applies knowledge across disciplines and learning contexts and to real-life situations with and without technology
  • Evaluates and synthesizes information from multiple sources
  • Applies ideas across disciplines
  • Applies systems thinking to understand the interaction and influence of related parts on each other and on outcomes

The following Guiding Principles standards were developed in response to Public Law 669, Section 9 Development of standards based tools.

Maine Learning Results Guiding Principles Standards

A. A Clear and Effective Communicator
Standard A: Understands the attributes and techniques that positively impact constructing and conveying meaning for a variety of purposes and through a variety of modes.

B. A Self-Directed and Lifelong Learner
Standard B: Understands the importance of embracing and nurturing a growth mindset.

C. A Creative and Practical Problem Solver Who:
Standard C: Is skilled at selecting and applying a process of problem-solving to deepen understanding and determine whether redefining the goal is a better way of addressing a problem situation and continuing to consider other alternative solutions until one resonates as the best one.

D. A Responsible and Involved Citizen
Standard D: Understands the interdependence within and across systems and brings to each situation the appropriate actions.

E. An Integrative and Informed Thinker
Standard E: Is skilled at using complex reasoning processes to make meaning.

Understanding Maine's Guiding Principles

Understanding Maine's Guiding Principles. (PDF, 747KB) A researched-based framework created to convey the knowledge, skills, and dispositions embedded in the Maine Learning Results' Guiding Principles. The frameworks describe what it may look like when students exhibit the intentions of the Guiding Principle across the content areas by using discipline neutral language. The Guiding Principles frameworks are not a replacement for the Maine Learning Results Guiding Principles but rather a resource for understanding their spirit and intent.