Vocabulary Guidance

This vocabulary list is a guide for the 2012-13 Maine Educational Assessment (MEA). It is an attempt to better delineate the vocabulary demands of the MEA science test.  It is possible that it will not be considered complete by all users. Words and phrases from prior years may appear in tests at any grade level.             

 

Grade 5

Grade 8

Direction Words and Phrases

  • compare (similarities and differences)
  • conclude
  • describe
  • explain (process, similarities, differences)
  • identify
  • list
  • provide the one that best…provide the most likely
  • sort
  • compare (similarities and differences)
  • conclude
  • describe
  • explain (process, similarities, differences)
  • identify
  • list
  • provide the one that best…provide the most likely
  • sort

Organisms and Environments

  • common biomes including  forest, desert, tundra, grassland, polar, ocean, rainforest
  • common life cycles including  monarch butterfly, frog, grasshopper, dragonfly, salmon
  • organisms commonly found in the biomes, for example:  moose, vole, pine tree, eagle, raccoon (forest)
  • simple food chains
  • single-celled organisms including amoeba, paramecium, euglena

In addition to the Grade 5 list:

  • extinct organisms and fossils including horse, trilobite, ferns
  • common elements, mixtures, compounds, and periodic table groups including calcium, potassium, carbon dioxide, water, noble gases
  • food webs of common biomes
  • organ systems including circulatory, digestive, nervous, respiratory, skeletal

 

Any terms used in the Maine Learning Results may appear on the MEA. The words listed may need special attention or may have different meanings for science and technology than in other areas.

 

  • adaptation
  • algae
  • ancestor
  • bacteria (bacterium)
  • balance
  • beaker
  • biological parent
  • Celsius (all temperatures in degrees Celsius) change (chemical and physical)
  • conclusion
  • condensation
  • data
  • energy (light, sound, heat, sound)
  • erosion
  • evaporation
  • extinct
  • inherited
  • matter
  • mixture
  • offspring
  • pelvis
  • phases
  • photosynthesis
  • precipitation
  • property
  • record
  • rotate
  • revolve
  • volume
  • water vapor
  • weathering

 

In addition to the Grade 5 list:

  • absorb
  • accelerate
  • amplitude
  • celestial bodies
  • chloroplast
  • compound
  • convection
  • direct/indirect
  • drag
  • electromagnetic spectrum
  • elements
  • energy including mechanical, nuclear, atomic, chemical, potential, kinetic
  • expel
  • eyespot
  • flagellum
  • frequencies
  • friction
  • geological
  • glucose
  • impact
  • indirect/direct
  • inertia
  • Joules
  • kinetic
  • lichen
  • mass
  • mesosphere
  • microorganism
  • mitochodria
  • Newtons
  • nucleus
  • oxidation
  • radiation
  • scientific claim
  • sedimentary
  • structural adaptation
  • terrarium
  • thermosphere
  • transformation
  • tissue
  • troposphere
  • virus