Information on Banned Substances for Student Athletes in Maine

Learn more about Performance Enhancing Substances, i.e. anabolic steroids, which are used to build muscle, and other supplements used to boost physical performance.

General Information on Performance Enhancing Substances:

Performance-enhancing drugs: Dangerous, damaging and potentially deadly: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/performance-enhancing-drugs/HQ01105

Anabolic Steroids are human-made substances related to male sex hormones. Some athletes abuse anabolic steroids to enhance performance. Abuse of anabolic steroids can lead to serious health problems, some of which are irreversible.

The National Institute on Drug Abuse:
http://www.steroidabuse.gov/

U.S. Anti-Doping Agency
http://www.usantidoping.org/athletes/cheating_health.html

Steroid information for Teens

NIDA for TEENS: Anabolic Steroids
http://teens.drugabuse.gov/facts/facts_ster1.asp

Tips for Teens on Steroids
http://www.ncadi.samhsa.gov/govpubs/PHD726/

Herbal/Natural Supplements

Herbal supplements can act in the same way as drugs. Therefore, they can cause medical problems if not used correctly or if taken in large amounts. In the United States, herbal and other dietary supplements are regulated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as foods. This means that they do not have to meet the same standards as drugs and over-the-counter medications for proof of safety and effectiveness.

Synephrine (bitter orange, citrus aurantium, zhi shi)

Bitter Orange Under Scrutiny as New Ephedra
http://www.umich.edu/~exphysio/mvs.241/BitterOrnge.webstract.pdf

Information on Drugs, Herbs and Supplements from MedlinePlus

A service of the U.S. National Library of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health providing information on prescription and over-the-counter medicines, herbs and supplements:

Ephedra
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/natural/patient-ephedra.html

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