Developmental Services - Case Management Manual
Physical therapy (PT) may be appropriate for persons who have problems with posture and locomotion. Posture is the ability to assume and/or maintain the body, or segment of, in a specific position. Locomotion is the ability to move from place to place. Indicators: poor postural reflexes, disorders of tone, movement, strength, balance, or coordination.
A physical therapist can be useful in assisting and dealing with the following:
- Posture or general skeletal alignment involving spine and limbs.
- Range of motion/joint flexibility/deformities such as severe flat feet, arm and leg joint tightness.
- Gait (walking) or other means of mobility (creeping, wheelchair use).
- Need for adaptive equipment to assist in safety, accessibility, positioning, or mobility.
- Orthotic (braces) or prosthetic (artificial limbs) devices for back or legs.
- Selection of proper shoes, shoe inserts and lifts.
- Problems with balance equilibrium.
- Pain related to movement.
- Muscle tone - too much (spasticity) or too little (hypo tonicity).
- Gross motor skills.
- Body mechanics for people or care givers.
- Transfer techniques.