Unit 2

Some additional definitions you need to know include:

  • Abuse
  • Sexual Abuse
  • Neglect and
  • Exploitation


  • The infliction of injury, unreasonable confinement, intimidation or cruel punishment that causes or is likely to cause physical harm or pain or mental anguish; sexual abuse or sexual exploitation; or the intentional, knowing or reckless deprivation of essential needs. Abuse includes acts and omissions.
    (Title 22 3472)

Physical Indicators:

  • Bruises from hitting, shoving, slapping, pinching, or kicking
  • Bilateral injuries, or injuries on upper arms, face, neck or
    clustered on other body parts
  • Burns caused by cigarettes or hot objects
  • Friction from ropes, chains, or other physical restraints
  • Injuries caused by biting, cutting, poking, punching, whipping or twisting of limbs
  • Disorientation, stupor or other effects of deliberate overmedication
  • Open wounds, cuts, punctures, and untreated injuries,
    and injuries in various stages of healing
  • Person's report of being mistreated
  • Abuse or neglect of pets in the home
Behavioral Indicators:
  • Easily frightened or fearful
  • Exhibiting denial
  • Agitated or trembling
  • Hesitant to talk openly
  • Implausible stories
  • Extreme upset when assisted with bathing
    or other physical
    care giving
  • Depression or poor self-esteem
  • Eating disturbances
  • Compulsive behavior
  • Sleep disorders
  • Interactions between
    victim or abusers
  • Inconsistence in how
    they describe events or accounts for injuries<
  • Family does not interact with client
  • Marital or family discord
  • Caregiver lacks knowledge of adult's condition and needed
  • Doctor or hospital
  • A person's sudden
    change in behavior

Click to read Anne's Story

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