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Home > Plant Lists > Native Vines and Groundcovers

Native Vines and Groundcovers

Key:

  • F=full sunlight
  • P=partial shade
  • S=shade
  • H=hydric; wet, periodically or often inundated by water
  • M=mesic; moist, adequate soil moisture retention all year
  • S=sub-xeric; moist to dry, seasonally moist, periodically dry
  • X=xeric; dry and drought resistant, little moisture retention, excessively drained

NAME

LIGHT

MOISTURE

HEIGHT

COMMENTS

Common

Scientific

Running serviceberry

Amelanchier stolonifera

F,P

M

2’

Stoloniferous groundcover; forms thickets

Bearberry

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi

F,P

S,X

6”

Best in poor, sandy, very acid soils; salt-tolerant; groundcover

American bittersweet

Celastrus scandens

F,P

M,S

--

Climbing vine; separate male and female plants; tolerates alkaline soil

Virgin’s bower

Clematis virginiana

F

M

--

Climbing vine; white flowers in late summer; best in alkaline soil

Bunchberry

Cornus canadensis

P,S

M

6"

Spreading groundcover; white flowers in spring; red fruit in fall

Checkerberry, Wintergreen

Gaultheria procumbens

P,S

M

6"

Evergreen groundcover; leaves fragrant when crushed; reddish in fall

Creeping juniper

Juniperus horizontalis

F

M,S,X

1'

Adaptable; tolerates hot, dry sites and alkaline soil; evergreen

Partridgeberry

Mitchella repens

S

M

2"

Delicate plant; red fruits persist into winter

Woodbine, Virginia creeper

Parthenocissus quinquefolia

F,P,S

M,S,X

--

Vigorous vine; tough; maroon fall color; tolerates alkaline soil

Lowbush blueberry

Vaccinium angustifolium

F

M

2'

Slow; good for edible or wildlife landscapes; requires acid soil

Cranberry

Vaccinium macrocarpon

F

H,M

6"

Slow; good for edible or wildlife landscapes; requires acid soil

Fox grape

Vitis labrusca

F

M

--

Handsome foliage; good vine for arbors and fences

This information is provided from the University of Maine Cooperative Extension's Bulletin #2500.

It was made possible by Friends of Acadia, Garden Club Federation of Maine, Josselyn Botanical Society, Maine Natural Areas Program/Maine Department of Conservation, Maine Department of Agriculture, Maine Landscape and Nursery Association, Maine Outdoor Heritage Fund, National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, National Park Service, Native Plant Conservation Initiative, The Nature Conservancy, University of Maine Cooperative Extension, University of Maine Horticulture Club and the USDA Forest Service.