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Home > Plant Lists > Native Shrubs

Native Shrubs

Key:

  • F=full sunlight
  • P=partial shade
  • S=shade
  • H=hydric; wet, periodically or often inundated by water
  • M=mesic; moist, adequate soil moisture retention all year
  • S=sub-xeric; moist to dry, seasonally moist, periodically dry
  • X=xeric; dry and drought resistant, little moisture retention, excessively drained

NAME

LIGHT

MOISTURE

HEIGHT

COMMENTS

Common

Scientific

Downy serviceberry

Amelanchier arborea

F,P

M

25'

Useful in edible and wildlife landscapes; excellent orange fall color

Eastern serviceberry

Amelanchier canadensis

F,P

M

20'

Useful in edible and wildlife landscapes; yellow-gold fall color

Smooth serviceberry, Allegheny serviceberry

Amelanchier laevis

F,P

M

25'

Useful in edible and wildlife landscapes; spring leaves are bronze

Bog rosemary

Andromeda polifolia var. glaucophylla

F,P

H

1'

Leathery evergreen leaves; requires very moist acid soil

Buttonbush

Cephalanthus occidentalis

F

H

6'

Good for wetland plantings

Sweetfern

Comptonia peregrina

F,P

S,X

3'

Aromatic foliage; interesting texture; good in dry sandy soil

Gray dogwood

Cornus racemosa

F,P,S

M

15'

Suckering; white fall fruits eaten by many birds

Redosier dogwood

Cornus sericea

F

H,M

6

Red stems attractive in winter; suckering; tolerates wet soil

American hazelnut

Corylus americana

F,P

M

15'

Good for naturalizing; fruit eaten by wildlife; tolerates alkaline soil

Bush-honeysuckle

Diervilla lonicera

S,P

M

5'

Suckering plant, very hardy, adaptable

Leatherwood

Dirca palustris

S

M

4'

Yellow fall color; thrives in moist, shady sites

Common witchhazel

Hamamelis virginiana

F,P

M

15'

Avoid droughty sites; yellow flowers in October; yellow fall leaf color

Winterberry, Black-alder

Ilex verticillata

F,P

H,M

10'

Bright red fruits persist into midwinter; excellent wetland plant

Common juniper

Juniperus communis var. depressa

F

M,S,X

3'

Tolerates drought, wind, sterile or alkaline soils; evergreen

Sheep, Laurel, Lambkill

Kalmia angustifolia

F,P

M,S

3'

Adaptable to many soils; best in very acid soil; good for naturalizing

Sweetgale

Myrica gale

F

S,X

4'

Bushy plant; dark green foliage; aromatic foliage

Northern bayberry

Myrica pensylvanica

F,P

S,X

6'

Good for massing; useful in poor soil sites; aromatic foliage

Bush cinquefoil

Pentaphylloides floribunda (Potentilla fruticosa)

F

M,S,X

4'

Good summer-flowering shrub; tolerates alkaline soil

Black chokeberry

Photinia (Aronia) melanocarpa

F,P

H,M,S

6

Suckers; wine-red fall color; good wildlife plant in wet or dry soils

Beach plum

Prunus maritima

F

M,S

6'

Good for edible landscape; salt-tolerant

Chokecherry

Prunus virginiana

F

M

30'

Suckering shrub; white flowers in spring; wildlife food source

Rhodora

Rhododendron canadense

F,P

H,M

3'

Magenta flowers in spring; best in very acid soil

Labrador tea

Rhododendron (Ledum) groenlandicum

F,P

H,M

3'

Transplants well; good for moist-to-wet naturalized sites

Staghorn sumac

Rhus hirta (R. typhina)

P

M,S.X

25'

Spreads by suckers; good mass plant for dry slopes

Meadow rose

Rosa blanda

F

M

5'

Suckers; single light pink flowers; red hips in fall and winter

Pasture rose

Rosa carolina

F

M

5'

Pink single flowers in midsummer; small red hips persist into winter

Virginia rose

Rosa virginiana

F

M,S

5'

Suckers; good in dry and seaside sites; good barrier/hedge

Pussy willow

Salix discolor

F

H,M

15'

Fuzzy flowers in early spring; good for naturalizing

American elder

Sambucus canadensis

F

M

12'

Useful in edible landscape; tolerates alkaline soil

Scarlet elder

Sambucus racemosa spp. pubens (S. pubens)

F

M

20'

Flowers in mid to late July; handsome red fruit in midsummer

Canadian yew

Taxus canadensis

P,S

M

6'

Hardiest yew; good for naturalized shady landscape; evergreen

Highbush blueberry

Vaccinium corymbosum

F

M

8'

Good for edible or wildlife landscapes; best in very acid soil

Mapleleaf viburnum

Viburnum acerifolium

P,S

M,S

6'

Suckering; good for mass plantings in shady sites

Hobblebush

Viburnum lantanoides (V. alnifolium)

P,S

M

8'

Open shrub; good for naturalized landscape

Arrowwood viburnum

Viburnum dentatum var. lucidum

F,P

M

15'

Durable; good for hedges; tolerates alkaline soil

Nannyberry

Viburnum lentago

F,P

M,S

15'

Good for wildlife and naturalized landscapes

Witherod, Wild-raisin

Viburnum nudum var. cassinoides

S,P

M

10'

Excellent fall foliage and fruit color

Highbush cranberry

V. opulus var. americanum (V. o. var. trilobum)

F,P

M

12'

Excellent for screening; good for wildlife landscapes

This information is provided from the University of Maine Cooperative Extension's Bulletin #2500.

It was made possible by Friends of Acadia, Garden Club Federation of Maine, Josselyn Botanical Society, Maine Natural Areas Program/Maine Department of Conservation, Maine Department of Agriculture, Maine Landscape and Nursery Association, Maine Outdoor Heritage Fund, National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, National Park Service, Native Plant Conservation Initiative, The Nature Conservancy, University of Maine Cooperative Extension, University of Maine Horticulture Club and the USDA Forest Service.