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Home > Plant Lists > Native Perennials: Flowering Plants

Native Perennials: Flowering Plants

Key:

  • F=full sunlight
  • P=partial shade
  • S=shade
  • H=hydric; wet, periodically or often inundated by water
  • M=mesic; moist, adequate soil moisture retention all year
  • S=sub-xeric; moist to dry, seasonally moist, periodically dry
  • X=xeric; dry and drought resistant, little moisture retention, excessively drained

NAME

LIGHT

MOISTURE

HEIGHT

COMMENTS

Common

Scientific

White baneberry; Red baneberry

Actaea pachypoda, A. rubra

P,S

M

24"

Attractive, but poisonous fruits

Columbine

Aquilegia canadensis

F,P,S

M,S

12"

Early spring flowers

Spikenard

Aralia racemosa

P,S

M,S

36"

Good for back of border

Silverweed

Argentina anserina

F

S,X

6"

Yellow flowers, silvery leaves

Jack-in-the-pulpit

Arisaema triphyllum

P,S

H,M

12"

Flower green and brown; bright red fruits

Milkweed

Asclepias syriaca

F

S,X

36"

Attracts butterflies

Marsh marigold

Caltha palustris

F,P

H,M

12"

Showy yellow flowers in early spring

Harebell

Campanula rotundifolia

F,P

M,S,X

12"

Delicate blue-purple flowers

Blue cohosh

Caulophyllum thalictroides

P,S

M,S

36"

Blue fruits; back of border

White turtlehead

Chelone glabra

P,S

H,M

24"

Interesting white flowers in midsummer

Bluebead-lily

Clintonia borealis

P,S

M,S

12"

Pale yellow ball-shaped flowers; fruits poisonous

Trout-lily, Dogís-tooth-violet

Erythronium americanum

P,S

M

6"

Flowers early spring

Joe-pye weed

Eupatorium maculatum

F

H,M

48"

Purple flowers in fall; attracts butterflies; good for drying

Boneset

Eupatorium perfoliatum

F

H,M

24"

Green flowers; good for drying

Blue flag

Iris versicolor

F,P

H,M

24"

Elegant form; blue-purple flowers; easy to grow

Indian cucumber-root

Medeola virginiana

P,S

M

12"

Interesting magenta floral bracts

Obedient plant

Physostegia virginiana

F,P,S

M,S,X

24"

Flowers pink, leaves dark green; good cut flower

Solomonís seal

Polygonatum pubescens

P,S

M

18"

Arching stems; white flowers in early spring; tall groundcover for shade

Bloodroot

Sanguinaria canadensis

P,S

M

12"

Showy white flowers in early spring

New England aster

Symphyotrichum (Aster) novae-angliae

F,P

M,S,X

24"

Fall flowering; deep purple

New York aster

Symphyotrichum (Aster) novi-belgii

F,P

M,S,X

24"

Fall flowering; purple

Foam flower

Tiarella cordifolia

P

M

6"

Delicate white flowers in early spring

Wild-oats

Uvularia sessilifolia

P,S

M

6"

Creamy, bell-shaped flowers in early spring

Violet

Viola species

P

M

2-6"

Various species and colors; most self-sow to form groundcovers

This information is provided from the University of Maine Cooperative Extension's Bulletin #2500.

It was made possible by Friends of Acadia, Garden Club Federation of Maine, Josselyn Botanical Society, Maine Natural Areas Program/Maine Department of Conservation, Maine Department of Agriculture, Maine Landscape and Nursery Association, Maine Outdoor Heritage Fund, National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, National Park Service, Native Plant Conservation Initiative, The Nature Conservancy, University of Maine Cooperative Extension, University of Maine Horticulture Club and the USDA Forest Service.